Fritz Machlup


Fritz Machlup

Infobox_Scientist
name = Fritz Machlup


caption =
birth_date = birth date|1902|12|15|mf=y
birth_place = Wiener Neustadt, Austria-Hungary
death_date = death date and age|1983|1|30|1902|12|15|mf=y
death_place = Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.
residence = U.S.
nationality = Austrian American
field = Economics
work_institution = New York University 1971-83 Princeton University 1960-83
Johns Hopkins University 1947-59 University of Buffalo 1935-47
alma_mater = University of Vienna
doctoral_advisor = Ludwig von Mises
doctoral_students = Merton Miller John Williamson
known_for = Information society
prizes =
religion =
footnotes =

Fritz Machlup (December 15, 1902 – January 30, 1983) was an Austrian-American economist. He was notable for being one of the first economists to examine knowledge as an economic resource.

Born in Wiener-Neustadt, he earned his doctorate at the University of Vienna. He fled Nazi Germany for the United States in 1933 and became a US citizen in 1940. Machlup's key work was "The Production and Distribution of Knowledge in the United States" (1962), which is credited with popularizing the concept of the information society. Shortly before his death he completed the third in a series of ten planned volumes collectively called "Knowledge: Its Creation, Distribution, and Economic Significance". Machlup is also credited with forming the Bellagio Group in the early 1960s [cite web|url=http://www.cato.org/pubs/journal/cj3n1/cj3n1-2.pdf|title=Fritz Machlup: In Memoriam|author=Gottfried Haberler|publisher=Cato Institute|work=Cato Journal] . This group was the direct predecessor of the influential Washington-based financial advisory body, the Group of Thirty, which he joined in 1979.

Major works

*"Die Goldkernwährung", 1925. (dissertation under Ludwig von Mises)
*"Transfer and Price Effects", 1930, "ZfN".
*"The Stock Market, Credit and Capital Formation", 1931.
*"The Liquidity of Short-Term Capital", 1932, "Economica".
*"A Note on Fixed Costs", 1934, "Quarterly Journal of Economics" ("QJE").
*"Professor Knight and the Period of Production", 1935, "Journal of Political Economy" ("JPE").
*"The Commonsense of the Elasticity of Substitution", 1935, "Review of Economic Studies" ("RES").
*"The Rate of Interest as Cost Factor and as a Capitalization Factor", 1935, "American Economic Review" ("AER").
*"Why Bother with Methodology?", 1936, "Economica".
*"On the Meaning of Marginal Product", 1937, "Explorations in Economics".
*"Monopoly and Competition: A clarification of market positions", 1937, "AER".
*"Evaluation of Practical Significance of the Theory of Monopolistic Competition", 1939, "AER".
*"Period Analysis and Multiplier Theory", 1939, "QJE".
*"The Theory of Foreign Exchange", 1939-40, "Economica".
*"Eight Questions on Gold", 1941, "AER".
*"Forced or Induced Savings: An exploration into its synonyms and homonyms", 1943, "Review of Economics & Statistics" ("REStat").
*"International Trade and the National Income Multiplier", 1943.
*"Marginal Analysis and Empirical Research", 1946, "AER".
*"A Rejoinder to an Anti-Marginalist", 1947, "AER".
*"Monopolistic Wage Determination as a Part of the General Problem of Monopoly", 1947, in "Wage Determination and the Economics of Liberalism".
*"Elasticity Pessimism in International Trade", 1950, "Economia Internazionale".
*"Three Concepts of the Balance of Payments and the So-Called Dollar Shortage", 1950, "The Economic Journal" ("EJ").
*"Schumpeter's Economic Methodology", 1951, "REStat".
*"The Political Economy of Monopoly", 1952.
*"The Characteristics and Classification of Oligopoly", 1952, "Kyklos".
*"The Economics of Sellers' Competition", 1952.
*"Dollar Shortage and Disparities in the Growth of Productivity", 1954, "Scottish JPE".
*"The Problem of Verification in Economics", 1955, "Southern EJ".
*"Characteristics and Types of Price Discrimination", 1955, in Stigler, editor, "Business Concentration and Price Policies".
*"Relative Prices and Aggregate Spending in the Analysis of Devaluation", 1955, "AER".
*"The Inferiority Complex of the Social Sciences", 1956, in Sennholz, editor, "On Freedom and Free Enterprise".
*"The Terms-of-Trade Effects of Devaluation upon Real Income and the Balance of Trade", 1956, "Kyklos".
*"Professor Hicks' Revision of Demand Theory", 1957, "AER".
*"Disputes, Paradoxes and Dilemmas Concerning Economic Development", 1957, "RISE".
*"Equilibrium and Disequilibrium: Misplaced concreteness and disguised politics", 1958, "EJ".
*"Can There Be Too Much Research?", 1958, "Science".
*"Structure and Structural Change: Weaselwords and jargon", 1958, "ZfN".
*"The Optimum Lag of Imitation Behind Innovation", 1958, "Festskrift til Frederik Zeuthen".
*"Statics and Dynamics: Kaleidoscopic words", 1959, "Southern EJ".
*"Micro and Macro-Economics: Contested boundaries and claims of superiority", 1960.
*"Operational Concepts and Mental Constructs in Model and Theory Formation", 1960, "GdE".
*"The Supply of Inventors and Inventions", 1960, "WWA".
*"Another View of Cost-Push and Demand-Pull Inflation", 1960, "REStat".
*"Are the Social Sciences Really Inferior?", 1961, "Southern EJ".
*"The Production and Distribution of Knowledge in the United States", 1962.
*"Essays in Economic Semantics", 1963.
*"Why Economists Disagree", 1964, "Proceedings of APS".
*"International Payments, Debts and Gold", 1964.
*"The Cloakroom Rule of International Reserve Creation and Resources Transfer", 1965, "QJE".
*"Adjustment, Compensatory Correction and Financing of Imbalances in International Payments", 1965, in Baldwin et al., "Trade, Growth and the Balance of Payments".
*"The Need for Monetary Reserves", 1966, "Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review" ("BNLQR").
*"Operationalism and Pure Theory in Economics", in Krupp, editor, "The Structure of Economics".
*"Corporate Management, National Interest and Behavioral Theory", 1967, "JPE".
*"Theories of the Firm: Marginalist, behavioral and managerial", 1967, "AER".
*"If Matter Could Talk", 1969, in Morgenbesser et al., editors, "Philosophy, Science and Methodology".
*"Liberalism and Choice of Freedoms", 1969, in Streissler et al., editors, "Roads to Freedom: Essays in honor of Friedrich A. von Hayek".
*"Eurodollar Creation: A mystery story", 1970, "BNLQR".
*"Homo Oeconomicus and His Class Mates", 1970, in Natanson, editor, "Phenomenology and Social Reality".
*"The Universal Bogey", 1972, in Preston and Corry, editors, "Essays in Honor of Lord Robbins".
*"Friedrich von Hayek's Contributions to Economics", 1974, "Swedish JE".
*"A History of Thought on Economic Integration", 1977, "Columbia University Press".

ee also

*Exponential decay - of knowledge

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Fritz Machlup — (bis 1940: Machlup Wolf, * 15. Dezember 1902 in Wiener Neustadt; † 30. Januar 1983 in Princeton, New Jersey) war ein österreichisch amerikanischer Nationalökonom. Er war einer der ersten Ökonomen, der die Bedeutung von Wissen als wirtschaftliche… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Fritz Machlup-Wolf — Fritz Machlup (bis 1940: Machlup Wolf, * 15. Dezember 1902 in Wiener Neustadt; † 30. Januar 1983 in Princeton, New Jersey) war ein österreichisch amerikanischer Nationalökonom. Er war einer der ersten Ökonomen, der die Bedeutung von Wissen als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Machlup — Fritz Machlup (bis 1940: Machlup Wolf, * 15. Dezember 1902 in Wiener Neustadt; † 30. Januar 1983 in Princeton, New Jersey) war ein österreichisch amerikanischer Nationalökonom. Er war einer der ersten Ökonomen, der die Bedeutung von Wissen als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MACHLUP, FRITZ — (1902–1983), U.S. economist. Born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria, Machlup was a partner in a paper manufacturing enterprise in 1923. In 1929 he began lecturing at the Volkshochschule in Vienna. In 1933 he emigrated to the U.S. He was a research… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • Information society — For other uses, see Information society (disambiguation). The aim of the information society is to gain competitive advantage internationally through using IT in a creative and productive way. An information society is a society in which the… …   Wikipedia


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