- Hanover, Massachusetts
official_name = Hanover, Massachusetts
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Hanover Town Hall
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Plymouth
established_title = Settled
established_date = 1649
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date2 = 1727
Open town meeting
area_total_km2 = 40.7
area_total_sq_mi = 15.7
area_land_km2 = 40.4
area_land_sq_mi = 15.6
area_water_km2 = 0.3
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1
population_as_of = 2000
settlement_type = Town
population_total = 13164
population_density_km2 = 325.6
population_density_sq_mi = 843.4
elevation_m = 18
elevation_ft = 60
timezone = Eastern
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = Eastern
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 42 |latm = 06 |lats = 47 |latNS = N
longd = 70 |longm = 48 |longs = 45 |longEW = W
website = [http://www.hanover-ma.gov/ www.hanover-ma.gov]
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 02339
area_code = 339 / 781
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 25-28285
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0618341
The area of Hanover was first settled by English settlers in
1649when William Barstow, a farmer, built a bridge along the North River at what is now Washington Street. The land was the westernmost portion of the town of Scituate, and it would officially separate and be incorporated as a town June 14, 1727. The name "Hanover" is probably a tribute to King George I, the first Hanoverian King of Great Britain.Fact|date=March 2007 (While George I died on June 11, 1727, the reports would not have reached the colonies until after the town's incorporation.) Hanover's early industry revolved around farming, small mills and a shipbuilding area along the North River. Later industries would include tack factories and shoe factories along the smaller waterways in the town. Today, Hanover is mostly residential. The Hanover Malland other shops are located near the intersection of Routes 3 and 53. [ [http://www.hanover-ma.gov/history.shtml "Town of Hanover - Highlights of Early Hanover"] ]
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 15.7 square miles (40.7 km²), of which, 15.6 square miles (40.4 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.70%) is water. Hanover is the 240th town in terms of size in Massachusetts. Hanover is considered to be a part of the South Shore of Massachusetts. It is bordered by Norwell to the north and east, Pembroke and Hanson to the south, and Rockland to the west and northwest. Hanover is approximately ten miles east of Brockton and twenty-five miles southeast of Boston.
Much of Hanover's eastern and southern borders consist of three waterways, the North and Indian Head Rivers along the south and southeast, and the Third Herring Brook along the east. (The latter two are both tributaries, and the town border is marked by their confluences.) There are also several small ponds and brooks throughout the town, the largest pond being Factory Pond, a tributary of the Indian Head River in the south of town. The town has several small parks, sanctuaries and conservation areas spread throughout the town. Hanover has several horseback riding stables and riding trails.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 13,164 people, 4,349 households, and 3,566 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 843.4 people per square mile (325.6/km²). There were 4,445 housing units at an average density of 284.8/sq mi (109.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.68% White, 0.55% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population] .
There were 4,350 households out of which 43.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.8% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.0% were non-families. 15.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.39.
In the town the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $73,838, and the median income for a family was $86,835. Males had a median income of $57,321 versus $35,214 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $30,268. About 1.4% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.6% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.
On the national level, Hanover is a part of
Massachusetts's 10th congressional district, and is currently represented by Bill Delahunt. The state's senior (Class I) member of the United States Senate, re-elected in 2006, is Ted Kennedy. The junior (Class II) Senator, up for re-election in 2008, is John Kerry.
On the state level, Hanover is represented in the
Massachusetts House of Representativesas a part of the Fifth Plymouth district, which includes the neighboring towns of Norwell and Rockland. The town is represented in the Massachusetts Senateas a part of the Second Plymouth and Bristol district, which includes Brockton, Halifax, Hanson, Whitman and portions of East Bridgewater and Easton. [ [http://www.mass.gov/legis/citytown.htm Index of Legislative Representation by City and Town, from Mass.gov] ] The town is patrolled on a secondary basis by the First Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police, located in Norwell. [ [http://www.mass.gov/?pageID=eopsterminal&L=5&L0=Home&L1=Law+Enforcement+%26+Criminal+Justice&L2=Law+Enforcement&L3=State+Police+Troops&L4=Troop+D&sid=Eeops&b=terminalcontent&f=msp_divisions_field_services_troops_troop_d_msp_field_troop_d_station_d1&csid=Eeops Station D-1, SP Norwell] ]
Hanover is governed by the
open town meetingform of government, and is led a board of selectmen. The town has its own police and fire departments, with five firehouses in Hanover Center, North Hanover, West Hanover, Hanover Four Corners and the Fireworks neighborhood. The town has its own ambulance service, with the nearest hospital being Brockton Hospital. There are two post offices located in town, near Hanover Four Corners and West Hanover, both along Route 139. The town is home to the John Curtis Free Library, which was founded with the help of its namesake in the 1800s. The library is a part of the Old Colony Library Network. Hanover is also the site of a YMCA, near the mall.
Hanover operates its own school system for the town's approximately 2,800 students. There are three elementary schools, the Cedar, Center and Sylvester Elementary Schools. The Center School serves students from pre-kindergarten through second grade, the Sylvester School (located around the corner from the Center School, both at Hanover Center) serves third and fourth grade students, and the Cedar Elementary School (located next to the high school) serves from pre-kindergarten through fourth grade. The Hanover Middle School serves students from fifth through eighth grade, and Hanover High School serves students from ninth through twelfth grade. Hanover High's teams are nicknamed the Indians, and their colors are blue and gold. Hanover competes in the Patriot League, and their chief rival is Norwell. It is reported that Hanover will be changing its mascot to be more politically correct. Hanover is also building a new high school cerca 2011.
Hanover is also the home of the
South Shore Vocational Technical High School, which serves the vocational needs of the surrounding communities. There are no private schools in the town; there are, however, schools in the surrounding communities. The nearest colleges are Massasoit Community Collegein Brockton, and Bridgewater State College.
A short, 1-1/4 mile portion of
Massachusetts Route 3, a four-lane freeway, passes through the town, providing access via an exit at Route 53 in the northeast corner of town. The town's other major routes include Route 123 and Route 139, the latter passing through the town center. Routes 139 and 53 are coextensive for a stretch of one mile in the southeast corner of town.
The town has no rail or air service. The nearest rail service is the Kingston-Route 3 line of the MBTA's commuter rail service, which passes west of town, the closest stations being in Abington and Hanson. The nearest regional airport is Marshfield Municipal Airport, and the nearest national and international service can be reached at
Logan International Airportin Boston. Seaplanes also occasionally land in neighboring Hanson, on Lake Monponsett.
Local newspapers: [http://www.thepatriotledger.com The Patriot Ledger] and [http://www.enterprise.com The Enterprise]
* [http://www.hanover-ma.gov/ Town of Hanover Official Website]
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