Carlo Cignani


Carlo Cignani
Carlo Cignani, Joseph and Potiphar's Wife, Gemäldegalerie, Berlin, 1680

Carlo Cignani (15 May 1628 - 8 September 1719) was an Italian painter of the Bolognese and of the Forlivese school, active in the Baroque period.

He was born to a noble family in Bologna, where he studied first under Battista Cairo and later under Francesco Albani, to whom he remained closely allied, and was his most famous disciple. He was, however, also strongly influenced by the genius of Correggio, and by the masterworks by Melozzo da Forlì. For instance, his masterpiece, the Assumption of the Virgin, around the cupola of the church of the Madonna del Fuoco at Forlì, is inspired by the Correggio's frescoes in the cupola of the Cathedral of Parma and by the Melozzo's perspective from down to up. These frescoes occupied Cignani for some twenty years.

In 1681, Cignani returned to Bologna from Parma. He opened an accademia del nudo for painting from models and had as one of his pupils Giuseppe Maria Crespi.

He had some of the defects of his masters: his elaborate finish and his audacious artificiality in the use of color and in composition mark Albani's influence. Despite that, he imparted to his work more of an intellectual character than his mentors. As a man Cignani was eminently amiable, unassuming and generous.

He accepted no honors offered him by the duke of Parma, but lived and died an artist. In 1686 he moved to Forlì, where he died. When the Accademia Clementina for Bolognese artists was founded in 1706, Cignani was posthumously elected Principe in absencia for life. His most famous pictures, in addition to the Assumption already cited, are the Entry of Paul III into Bologna; the Francis I Touching for Kings Evil; a Power of Love, painted under a fine ceiling by Agostino Carracci, on the walls of a room in the ducal palace at Parma; an Adam and Eve (at The Hague); and two of Joseph and Potiphars Wife (at Dresden and Copenhagen).

His son Felice Cignani (1660–1724) and nephew Paolo Cignani (1709–1764) were also painters. His most noted pupils were Marcantonio Franceschini and Federico Bencovich. Other pupils include Giacomo Boni, Andrea and Francesco Bondi; Giovanni Girolamo Bonesi; Girolamo Domini; Francesco Galli; Bonaventura Lamberti; Matteo Lamboni; Camilla Lauteri; Stefano Maria Legnani; Charles Lucy (1692 - after 1767), Francesco Mancini; and Paolo Antonio Paderna[1].

Anthology of works

  • Magdalen - Dulwich Picture Gallery [1]
  • [2] Joseph and Potiphar's Wife] (c. 1680) - Oil on canvas, 99 x 99 cm, Gemäldegalerie, Dresden
  • Joseph and Potiphar's Wife - Musee Fesch, Ajaccio [3]
  • Charity - Oil on canvas, 119.4 x 161.3 cm, San Francisco Museum of Art[4]
  • Allegory of Spring - Oil on canvas, Galleria Spada, Rome [5]
  • Judgement of Paris (1691) - Oil on canvas, 130.5 x 161 cm, [6]
  • Aurora, Circolo della Scranna, Forlì [7]

References

  1. ^ *Hobbes, James R. (1849). Picture collector's manual adapted to the professional man, and the amateur. T&W Boone, 29 Bond Street; Digitized by Googlebooks. pp. 51–52. http://books.google.com/books?q=intitle:picture+intitle:collector's. 
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  • Spike, John T. (1986). Centro Di. ed. Giuseppe Maria Crespi and the Emergence of Genre Painting in Italy. Fort Worth: Kimball Museum of Art. pp. 14–15. 
  • Cignani Family - article from the Catholic Encyclopedia

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  • Carlo Cignani — Josef und Potifahrs Weib von Carlo Cignani (um 1680) Carlo Cignani (* 15. Mai 1628 in Bologna; † 6. September 1719 ebenda) war ein italienischer Maler. Als Nachfolger von Giovanni Francesco Barbieri war Cignani der letzte große Maler der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Carlo Cignani — Allégorie du Printemps Carlo Cignani (Bologne, 15 mai 1628 Forlì, 6 septembre 1719) est un peintre italien baroque des XVIIe et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carlo Lucy — [1] (né à Londres en 1692 – mort à Bologne après 1760) est un peintre anglo italien de l’école de Forlì. Biographie Cette section est vide, insuffisamment détaillée ou incomplète. Votre aide est la bienvenue ! Arrivé à Florence alors qu’il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cignani — Josef Und Potifahrs Weib Carlo Cignani (* 15. Mai 1628 in Bologna; † 6. September 1719 ebenda) war ein italienischer Maler. Cignani war Schüler der Maler Giovanni Battista und Francesco Albani. Daneben studierte er die Werke Tizians …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cignani —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes partageant un même patronyme italien. Les Cignani sont une famille d artistes italiens baroques dont les membres sont : Carlo Cignani (1628 1719) Son fils Felice Cignani (1660 1724) son… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cignani Family (Carlo, Felice, Paolo) —     Cignani Family     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Cignani Family     (1)CARLO, born 1628, the most distinguished of three Bolognese painters of the same name, was a count and belonged to a noble family; he was the pupil of Albani and perhaps the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cignani —   [tʃiɲ ɲaːni], Carlo, italienischer Maler, * Bologna 15. 5. 1628, ✝ Forlì 6. 9. 1719; Schüler von F. Albani, später besonders von G. Reni beeinflusst. Cignani war der letzte bedeutende Monumentalmaler Bolognas, er wies zugleich mit seiner… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cignāni — (spr. Tschinjani), 1) Carlo, Conte di C., geb. 1628 in Bologna u. gest. daselbst 1719; Maler aus der Bolognesischen Schule, Schüler Albano s, bes. geschickt im Anordnen u. Erfinden, weniger in der Ausführung. Der Herzog Ranuccio Farnese von Parma …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cignani — (spr. tschinjāni), Carlo, ital. Maler, geb. 15. Mai 1628 in Bologna, gest. 6. Sept. 1719 in Forli, lernte zuerst bei Giov. Batt. Cairo, dann bei Albani und studierte daneben die Werke der Carracci und Correggios. In Bologna malte er im… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon