Infobox UK place
country = England
population = 8,439 (2001)
region= West Midlands
constituency_westminster= North Warwickshire
postcode_district = B78
Polesworth is a large
villageand civil parishin the North Warwickshiredistrict of Warwickshire, England. In the 2001 census it had a population of 8,439, inclusive of the continuous sub-villages (often regarded as suburbs) of St Helena, Dordonand Hall End directly to the south. This population technically allows Polesworth market town status.
Polesworth is located at the northern tip of Warwickshire only 3 miles (5 km) northwest of
Atherstoneand adjacent to the border with Staffordshire, and is only 7 km (4 miles) from Tamworth. The border with Derbyshireis 10 km (6 miles) to the north.
River Ankerand the Coventry Canalrun through Polesworth, and the A5 roadruns nearby. Polesworth railway stationis on the West Coast Main Line. In 2005, Polesworth received no train services due to the modernisation of the West Coast Mainline. Train services were replaced by a replacement bus service. The footbridge to the up platform was removed and has not been replaced. The station in 2006 only receives one northbound service each day (towards Tamworth), all other services being operated by a replacement bus service.
The name Polesworth is derived from "pol" meaning a "depth of water" and "worth" meaning "a dwelling".
Polesworth was once the site of an
abbey. Polesworth Abbeywas founded in 827by King Egbert, but was disbanded as part of the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
In 1544 the lands of the Abbey were granted by the Crown to
Francis Goodere, who used the stones of the Abbey to build a manor house -- Polesworth Hall. Henry Goodere, son of Francis, was a patron of the arts and Polesworth Hall was a centre of culture during Elizabethan times. The poet Michael Draytonreceived some of his education here and it is rumoured that William Shakespearealso spent some time here. Polesworth Hall no longer exists, as it was demolished in the 1860s.
In around 1509 Thomas Cockayne constructed
Pooley Hall, which today includes some of the oldest brickwork in the country. The hall still exists and overlooks Pooley View.
During the Civil War, Polesworth and
Wilnecoteare listed among the towns paying arrears to the parliamentary garrison at Tamworth. In an account drawn up by Captain Thomas Layfield for the period from November 1st, 1645 to May 1st, 1646, Polesworth (being rated at £8 a week) was assessed at and paid £196.16.0 while Wilnecote (at £2 a week) paid £50.7.0. (SP 28/136/31)
Coventry Canalwas built through Polesworth in the 1770s, the village developed a coal-miningand clayindustry and the population underwent rapid growth.
Second World War, opencast coal-mining devastated the surrounding countryside, and caused the river Anker to be diverted. The former opencast site is now a public park and the river now flows on its original course. Industry is now gone and Polesworth serves mainly as a small commutertown for nearby towns and cities such as Tamworth, Nuneaton, Lichfield, Sutton Coldfield, Birminghamand Coventry.
*Allen, Geoff "Warwickshire Towns & Villages", Sigma Leisure (2000) ISBN 1-85058-642-X
*"The Warwickshire Village Book" (1988) ISBN 1-85306-032-1
* [http://www.polesworthparish.co.uk/index.php Polesworth Parish] - Local Website
* [http://www.polesworthabbey.co.uk Polesworth Abbey]
* [http://www.polesworth-ilc.com Polesworth International Language College ]
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