Thomas Huckle Weller


Thomas Huckle Weller

Infobox Scientist
name = Thomas Huckle Weller
box_width =


image_width =150px
caption = Thomas Huckle Weller
birth_date = June 15, 1915
birth_place = Ann Arbor, Michigan
death_date = August 23, 2008 (age 93)
death_place = Needham, Massachusetts
residence =
citizenship =
nationality = United States
ethnicity =
field = virology
work_institutions =
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = poliomyelitis viruses
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
prizes = Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1954
religion =
footnotes =

Thomas Huckle Weller (June 15, 1915 – August 23, 2008) was an American virologist. He, John Franklin Enders and Frederick Chapman Robbins were awarded a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1954 for showing how to cultivate poliomyelitis viruses in a test tube, using tissue from a monkey. [ [http://www.boston.com/news/local/breaking_news/2008/08/thomas_weller_9.html Thomas Weller, 93; Won Nobel Prize for Polio, Boston Globe, August 25, 2008] ]

Weller was born and grew up in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and then went to the University of Michigan, where his father Carl Vernon Weller was a professor in the Department of Pathology. At Michigan, he studied medical zoology received a B.S. and an M.S., with his masters thesis on fish parasites. In 1936, Weller entered Harvard Medical School, and in 1939 began working under John Franklin Enders, with whom he would later (along with Frederick Chapman Robbins) share the Nobel Prize. It was Enders who got Weller involved in researching viruses and tissue-culture techniques for determining infectious disease causes. Weller received his MD in 1940, and went to work at Children's Hospital in Boston. In 1942, in the middle of World War II, he entered the Army Medical Corps and was stationed at the Antilles Medical Laboratory in Puerto Rico, earning the rank of Major and heading up the facility's Departments of Bacteriology, Virology and Parasitology. After the war, he returned to Children's Hospital in Boston, and it was there in 1947, he rejoined J.F. Enders in the newly created Research Division of Infectious Diseases. After several leading positions, he was appointed in 1954 the In July 1954, he was appointed Tropical Public Health Department Head the Harvard School of Public Health. Weller also served, from 1953-1959, as Director of the Commission on Parasitic Diseases of the American Armed Forces Epidemiological Board.

In addition to his research on polio, for which he won the Nobel Prize, Weller has also contributed to treating schistosomiasis, and Coxsackie viruses. He was also the first to isolate the viruses responsible for herpes and for varicella.

In 1945, Weller married Kathleen Fahey. They had two sons and two daughters together.

References

*Citation
id = PMID:16938745
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16938745
last=Zetterström
first=Rolf
last2=Lagercrantz
first2=Hugo
publication-date=2006 Sep
year=2006
title=J.F. Enders (1897-1985), T.H. Weller (1915-) and F.C. Robbins (1916-2003): a simplified method for the multiplication of poliomyelitis virus. Dreams of eradicating a terrifying disease.
volume=95
issue=9
periodical=Acta Paediatr.
pages=1026-8
doi = 10.1080/08035250600900073

*Citation
id = PMID:12118846
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12118846
last=Ligon
first=B Lee
publication-date=2002 Jan
year=2002
title=Thomas Huckle Weller MD: Nobel Laureate and research pioneer in poliomyelitis, varicella-zoster virus, cytomegalovirus, rubella, and other infectious diseases.
volume=13
issue=1
periodical=Seminars in pediatric infectious diseases
pages=55-63

*Citation
id = PMID:9146683
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9146683
last=Kyle
first=R A
last2=Shampo
first2=M A
publication-date=1997 May
year=1997
title=Thomas Huckle Weller and the successful culture of poliovirus.
volume=72
issue=5
periodical=Mayo Clin. Proc.
pages=422

*Citation
id = PMID:6295913
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6295913
last=Bendiner
first=E
publication-date=1982 Jan
year=1982
title=Enders, Weller, and Robbins: the trio that 'fished in troubled waters'.
volume=17
issue=1
periodical=Hosp. Pract. (Off. Ed.)
pages=163, 169, 174-5 passim

*Citation
id = PMID:4303387
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4303387
last=Sulek
first=K
publication-date=1968 Dec 15
year=1968
title= [Nobel prizes for John F. Enders, Frederick Ch, Robbins and Thomas H. Weller in 1954 for discovery of the possibility of growing poliomyelitis virus on various tissue media]
volume=21
issue=24
periodical=Wiad. Lek.
pages=2301-3

External links

*http://nobelprize.org/medicine/laureates/1954/weller-bio.html


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thomas Huckle Weller — Thomas Weller Thomas Weller Naissance 15 juin 1915 Ann Arbor dans le Michigan (États Unis) Décès 23 août 2008 Needham dans le Massachusetts (États Unis) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomas Huckle Weller — (* 15. Juni 1915 in Ann Arbor, Michigan; † 23. August 2008 in Needham, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Bakteriologe, Virologe und Parasitologe. Weller konnte den Erreger der Röteln isolieren. Für die Entdeckung der Fähigkeit des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1954: John Franklin Enders — Frederick Chapman Robbins — Thomas Huckle Weller —   Die amerikanischen Bakteriologen wur den dafür ausgezeichnet, dass sie die Fähigkeit des spinalen Poliomyelitis Virus entdeckt hatten, in Kulturen verschiedener Gewebetypen zu wachsen.    Biografien   John Franklin Enders, * West Hartford… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Thomas H. Weller — Thomas Huckle Weller (* 15. Juni 1915 in Ann Arbor, Michigan; † 23. August 2008 in Needham, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Bakteriologe, Virologe und Parasitologe. Weller konnte den Erreger der Röteln isolieren. Für die Entdeckung der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas H. Weller — Thomas Weller Thomas Weller Naissance 15 juin 1915 Ann Arbor dans le Michigan (États Unis) Décès 23 août 2008 Needham dans le Massachusetts (États Unis) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomas H. Weller — Thomas Huckle Weller Nacimiento 15 de junio, 1915 Ann Arbor, Míchigan Fallecimiento 23 de agosto, 2008 (edad 93) Needham, Massachusetts Nacionalidad …   Wikipedia Español

  • Weller,Thomas Huckle — Wel·ler (wĕlʹər), Thomas Huckle. Born 1915. American microbiologist. He shared a 1954 Nobel Prize for work on the cultivation of the polio virus. * * * …   Universalium

  • Weller , Thomas Huckle — (1915–) American microbiologist Born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, Weller was educated at the University of Michigan, where his father was professor of pathology, and at Harvard, where he gained his MD in 1940. After serving in the US Army Medical… …   Scientists

  • Weller, Thomas Huckle — ▪ 2009       American physician and virologist born June 15, 1915, Ann Arbor, Mich. died Aug. 23, 2008, Needham, Mass. was in 1954 the corecipient (with John Enders and Frederick Robbins) of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for the… …   Universalium

  • Weller, Thomas Huckle — ► (n. 1915) Bioquímico estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1954, junto con J. F. Ender y E. Ch. Robbins, por sus trabajos sobre el aislamiento y cultivo de virus y sobre la obtención de vacunas …   Enciclopedia Universal


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