2005 Zarand earthquake


2005 Zarand earthquake

Earthquake
title=2005 Zarand earthquake
date= February 22, 2005


magnitude = 6.4 Mw
depth=
location=
aftershocks=61
countries affected = IRN
casualties = ~612 dead, 990 injured

2005 Zarand earthquake hit the city of Zarand and several villages in Kerman province of Iran on February 22, 2005. The earthquake happened at 5:55 local time (2:25 UTC) and was measured at 6.4 on the Richter scale. The quake lasted for 11 seconds and at least 61 aftershocks were reported [http://www.isna.ir/Main/NewsView.aspx?ID=News-499479] ranging in magnitude between 3.3 and 4.8. Zarand is located 740km southeast of Tehran.

Damage and casualties

Though official reports by Iranian authorities indicate 612 dead and 990 injured, ISNA reports 790 dead and 1,423 injured according to officials in Kerman University of Medical Sciences [http://www.isna.ir/Main/NewsView.aspx?ID=News-497356] . Four villages, each having around 1,000 inhabitants, were reported completely destroyed, and 30% to 70% of buildings in more than 40 villages were reported damaged.

Affected area

It is estimated that the population of the affected area exceeds 30,000. A great portion of population of several villages are severely affected because of poor condition of buildings. The epicenter of the quake was in a mountainous and sparsely inhabited area. It is believed that the death toll could have been much higher if the quake had stricken a more densely-populated area like Bam.

According to governor of Kerman province [http://www.isna.ir/Main/NewsView.aspx?ID=News-496796] and an independent investigation carried out by ISNA [http://www.isna.ir/Main/NewsView.aspx?ID=News-498202] the following cities and villages are affected::

Previous quakes

The region of Zarand is close to an active fault, known as the "Kuhbanan" fault [http://www.ngdir.ir/States/StateComment.asp?PStateCode=13&PID=161] in the north east of the city. Its trend is northwest-southeast and its length is 160km.

Zarand has been hit by several quakes in the last 70 years, with the oldest recorded one going back to 1933.

On December 21, 1977, the area was hit by a 6.2-magnitude earthquake leaving 521 dead and 3 villages completely destroyed.On December 26, 2003, another devastating earthquake happened in Bam, 200km southwest of Zarand, which is in the same province.

ee also

* 2003 Bam earthquake
* 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake

External links

* International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent bulletins on Zarand earthquake (PDF files): [http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/rpts05/iranearth01-2005.pdf No.1] , [http://www.ifrc.org/cgi/pdf_appeals.pl?rpts05/IRQK2.pdf No.2] , [http://www.ifrc.org/cgi/pdf_appeals.pl?rpts05/IRQK3.pdf No.3] , and [http://www.ifrc.org/cgi/pdf_appeals.pl?rpts05/IRQK4.pdf No.4] .
* [http://www.disaster-management.net/iran_di.htm List of significant earthquakes in Iran since 1972] .
* [http://uk.multimap.com/wi/13159.htm Map of Zarand] on [http://uk.multimap.com multimap.com] .
* [http://www.ngdir.ir/Earthquake/CurrentEarthquake.asp Online database of earthquakes in Iran] on web site of [http://www.ngdir.ir/ National Geoscience Database of Iran] .

Technical records

* [http://earthquake.usgs.gov/eqcenter/eqinthenews/2005/usuvae/#details U.S. Geological Survey] (USGS)
* [http://www.iiees.ac.ir/English/bank/Zarand/zarand_e.html International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (IIEES)]
* [http://www.bhrc.gov.ir/Bhrc/D-StGrMo/SHABAKEH/accelerograms/earthquake/2005/zarand/zarand.htm Iran Strong Motion Network(ISMN)]

News coverage

* BBC News:
*# [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4286129.stm Hundreds killed in Iranian quake]
*# [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4288709.stm Race to reach Iran quake victims]
*# [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4289647.stm Rain slows Iran quake aid effort]
*# [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4291009.stm 'No-one knew what to do']
* AFP: [http://www.afp.com/english/news/stories/050223171947.n26ookgi.html Rescuers pull bodies from quake-hit Iran villages as toll tops 530] .
* Shargh newspaper (in Persian):
*# [http://www.sharghnewspaper.com/831205/html/index.htm More than 450 victims of Zarand earthquake] .
*# [http://www.sharghnewspaper.com/831206/html/disast.htm#s190485 700 killed, 1,200 injured] .
* ISNA photo reports on Zarand earthquake: [http://www.isna.ir/Main/NewsView.aspx?ID=News-496797 1] , [http://www.isna.ir/Main/NewsView.aspx?ID=News-496840 2] , [http://www.isna.ir/Main/NewsView.aspx?ID=News-496866 3] , [http://www.isna.ir/Main/NewsView.aspx?ID=News-497073 4] , [http://www.isna.ir/Main/NewsView.aspx?ID=News-497075 5] , [http://www.isna.ir/Main/NewsView.aspx?ID=News-497454 6] , [http://www.isna.ir/Main/NewsView.aspx?ID=News-497455 7] , [http://www.isna.ir/Main/NewsView.aspx?ID=News-497457 8] , [http://www.isna.ir/Main/NewsView.aspx?ID=News-497459 9] , [http://www.isna.ir/Main/NewsView.aspx?ID=News-497460 10] and [http://www.isna.ir/Main/NewsView.aspx?ID=News-497479 11] .


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