Parvin E'tesami


Parvin E'tesami

Infobox Person
name = Parvin E'tesami


image_size = 250px
caption = Portrait of Parvin E'tesami
birth_date = birth date|1907|3|16|df=y
birth_place = Tabriz
death_date = death date and age|1941|4|5|1907|3|16|df=y
death_place = Qom
education =
occupation = poetess
spouse =
parents =
children =

Parvin E'tesami ( _fa. پروین اعتصامی, March 16, 1907– April 5, 1941), also Parvin Etesami was a 20th century Persian poetess of Iran [ [http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/v8f6/v8f6110.html Encyclopædia Iranica, "Parvin Etesami", Heshmat Moayyad] ] [C. Kramarae and D. Splender. "Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women: Global Women's Issues", Routledge, 2000, ISBN 0415920914, p. 1273] . According to Ali Akbar Dehkhoda, her given name was Rakhshanda( _fa. رخشنده).

Life

Parvin E'tesami was born in 1907 in Tabriz to Mirza Yusuf Etesami Ashtiani (E'tesam-al-Molk), who in turn was the son of Mirza Ebrahim Khan Mostawfi Etesam-al-Molk [http://www.iranchamber.com/literature/petesami/parvin_etesami.php Iran Chamber Society: "Parvin E'tesami"] ] [ [http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/v8f6/v8f6109.html Encyclopedia Iranica, "Etesami, Mirza Yusuf Khan Ashtiani, Etesam-al-Molk", Heshmat Moayyad] ] . Mirza Ebrahim Khan Mostawfi Etesam-al-Molk was originally from Ashtiyan [ [http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/v8f6/v8f6109.html Encyclopedia Iranica, "Etesami, Mirza Yusuf Khan Ashtiani, Etesam al-Molk", Heshmat Moayyad] ] , but moved to Tabriz and was appointed financial controller of the province of Azerbaijan by the Qajar administration. Parvin had four brothers and her mother passed away in 1973.

Her family moved to Tehran early in her life, and in addition to the formal schooling, she obtained a solid understanding of Arabic and classical Persian literature from her father.

She studied at the American Girls College in Tehran, graduated in 1924 from the Iran Bethel, an American high school for girls. Afterwards, she taught for a while at that school.In 1926, she received an invitation to become the tutor of the queen of the new Pahlavi court, but she refused.

In 1934, she was married to a cousin of her father and moved to the city of Kermanshah. But the marriage only lasted for ten weeks and she returned back to Tehran.In 1938-39 she worked for several months at the library of the Teacher Training College (Danesh-saraayeh 'Ali). Her father's death in 1938 bereft Parvin of his loving support and virtually severed her contact with the outside world. Her sudden death only three years after her father shocked the country and was mourned in many elegies. She was buried near her father in Qom.

Work

Parvin was around seven or eight years old when her poetic was revealed. Through her fathers encouragement, she versified some literary pieces which were translated from western sources by her father. In 1921-22, some of her earliest known poems were published in the Persian magazine Bahar (Spring). The first edition of her Diwan (book of poetry) compromised 156 poems and appeared in 1935. The famous poet and scholar Mohammad Taqi Bahar (given the honorific title the king of poets) wrote an introduction to her work. The second edition of her book, edited by her brother Abu'l Fatha Etesami, appeared shortly after her death in 1941. It consisted of 209 different compositions in Mathnawi, Qasadia, Ghazal, and Qeta, and stanzaic forms. It totaled 5606 distiches.

In her short life, she managed to achieve great fame amongst Iranians. Parvin's poetry follows the classical Persian tradition its form and substance. She remained unaffected or perhaps ignored the modernistic trends in Persian poetry. In the arrangement of her poetry book, there are approximately 42 untitled Qasidas (a form of Persian poetry) and Qet'as (another form of Persian poetry). These works follower a didactic and philosophical styles of Sanai and Naser Khusraw. Several other Qadidas, particularly in the description of nature show influences from the poet Manuchehri. There are also some Ghazals in her Diwan.

According to Professor Heshmat Moayyad, her "Safar-e ashk" (Journey of a tear) counts among the finest lyrics ever written in Persian.

Another form of poetry, the "monazara" (dialogue, debate) claim the largest portions of Parvin's Divan. She composed approximately sixty-five poems in the style of monazara and seventy-five anecdotes, fables, and allegories. According to Professor Heshmat Moayyad: "Parvin wrote about men and women of different social backgrounds, a wide-ranging array of animals, birds, flowers, trees, cosmic and natural elements, objects of daily life, abstract concepts, all personified and symbolizing her wealth of ideas. Through these figures she holds up a mirror to others showing them the abuses of society and their failure in moral commitment. Likewise, in these debates she eloquently expresses her basic thoughts about life and death, social justice, ethics, education, and the supreme importance of knowledge".

Editions

Among editions of her diwan the following may may be mentioned: ed. H. Moayyad, Costa Mesa, Calif., 1987 (includes a new introduction, a letter by Abu'l-Fathá Etesami, dated 20 April 1986, and a bibliography); ed. M. Mozaffariann, Tehran, 1364/1985; ed. A. Karimi, with an introduction by S. Behbahani, Tehran, 1369 ˆ./1990.

A partial English translation may be found in:H. Moayyad and M. A. Madelung, tr. A Nightingale's Lament, Lexington, Ky, 1985 (tr. of eighty-two of Parvin's poems).

External links

* [http://rira.ir/rira/php/?page=view&mod=classicpoems&obj=poet&id=6 Poetry of Parvin Etesami in original Persian]
* [http://www.iranchamber.com/literature/petesami/parvin_etesami.php Biography of Parvin Etesami]
* [http://www.angelfire.com/rnb/bashiri/Poets/Parvin.html#Parvin E'tesami, Parvin] , a brief biography by Professor Iraj Bashiri, University of Minnesota.
* [http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/v8f6/v8f6110.html Encyclopædia Iranica, "Parvin Etesami", Heshmat Moayyad]
* [http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/v8f6/v8f6110plPg668.html A photo of Parvin Etesami]
* [http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/v8f6/v8f6109.html Encyclopedia Iranica, "Etesami, Mirza Yusuf Khan Ashtiani, Etesam al-Molk", Heshmat Moayyad]

References

See also

* Forough Farrokhzad
* Simin Behbahani
* Pegah Ahmadi
* Iranian women
* List of famous Persian women
* Abolhassan Etessami


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