- Visible minority
Visible minority is a term used primarily in
Canadato describe persons who are not of the majority race in a given population. In March, 2007, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination described the term as racist because it singles out a group. [UN calls Canada racist for 'visible minorities' tag, Canada.com, 8 Mar. 2007. [http://www.canada.com/topics/news/national/story.html?id=f469b36e-c587-40e7-98e5-3aa50a371318&k=23802] ]
In Canada, visible minorities are defined by the
Canadian Employment Equity Actas "persons, other than Aboriginals, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour." [ [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/reference/reportsandguides/visible-minorities.cfm Visible Minority Population and Population Group Reference Guide, 2006 Census] ] The term is used as a demographic category used by Statistics Canadain connection with that country's multiculturalismpolicies. Also, visible minorities are designated as a protected group under the Canadian Employment Equity Act.
Visible minorities in Canada
Over five million Canadians identified themselves as a visible minority in the 2006 Census, accounting for 16.2% of the total population. This was an increased from 2001 where visible minorities accounted for 13.4% of the total population; an increase from 1996 when the proportion was 11.2%; and a major increase over 1991 (9.4%) and 1981 (4.7%). The increase represents a significant shift in Canada's demographics since the advent of that country's multiculturalism policies.
Of the provinces,
British Columbiahad the highest proportion of visible minorities, representing 21.6% of its population, followed by Ontarioat 19.1%. In the 2006 census South AsianCanadians (including those with origins in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, etc.) overtook people of Chinese origin as Canada’s largest visible minority group. in 2006 Statistics Canada estimates there were 1.3 million South Asian people in Canada compared with 1.2 million Chinese. [One in 6 Canadians is a visible minority, CBC, 2 Apr 2008. [http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2008/04/02/stats-immigration.html] ] In 2001, there were approximately 1 million Chinese Canadians representing 3.5% of the country’s population, followed by South Asians (3.1%) and Black Canadians(2.2%).
"Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census, 97F0010XCB2001002"
Employment equity (Canada)
* [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/release/ethnicorigin.cfm Statistics Canada – Visible minority population, by census metropolitan areas (2006 Census)]
* [http://www.statcan.ca/english/Pgdb/popula.htm Statistics Canada – Population and Demography]
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