- Pediatric surgery
Pediatric surgery (sometimes spelled paediatric surgery) is a subspecialty of surgery involving the surgery of fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. Many pediatric surgeons practice at
Pediatric surgeons have completed a
general surgery residency (medicine), then complete 2 years (or more according countries) of subspecialty fellowship training. After completion of specialty training in pediatric surgery, the surgeon is then eligible for certification by the American Board of Surgeryin the United States. In Canada it leads to eligibility for Certification by and Fellowship of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. In Australia and New Zealand it leads to eligibility for Fellowship of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.
In Mexico to be surgeon pediatrician, a year of specialty pediatrics, are needed after 4 years of residency in pediatric surgery.
Pediatric surgery arose in the middle of the 20th century as the surgical care of
birth defects required novel techniques and methods and became more commonly based at children's hospitals. One of the sites of this innovation was Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Beginning in the 1940s under the surgical leadership of C. Everett Koop, newer techniques for endotracheal anesthesiaof infants allowed surgical repair of previously untreatable birth defects. By the late 1970s, the infant death rate from several major congenital malformation syndromes had been reduced to near zero.
Subspecialties of Pediatric surgery include: neo-natal surgery and fetal surgery.
Common pediatric diseases that may require pediatric surgery include
* congenital malformations:
lymphangioma, cleft lip and palate, esophageal atresiaand tracheoesophageal fistula, hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, intestinal atresia, necrotizing enterocolitis, meconium plugs, Hirschsprung's disease, imperforate anus, undescended testes,...
abdominal walldefects: omphalocele, gastroschisis, hernias,...
chestwall deformities: pectus excavatum
tumors: like neuroblastoma, Wilms' tumor, rhabdomyosarcoma, ATRT, liver tumors, teratomas,...
* Separation of
* [http://home.coqui.net/titolugo/handbook.htm OnLine Pediatric Surgery Handbook]
* [http://www.pediatric-surgery.ac The Division of Pediatric Surgery at Hasbro Children's Hospital - Providence, Rhode Island]
* [http://www.eapsa.org/ The American Pediatric Surgical Association]
* [http://www.caps.ca The Canadian Association of Paediatric Surgeons - L'Association Canadienne de Chirurgie pédiatrique]
* [http://www.surgery.ufl.edu/pediatricsurgery/ University of Florida, Division of Pediatric Surgery]
* [http://www.unckids.org University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Division of Pediatric Surgery]
* [http://www.kco.unibe.ch University of Bern, Pediatric Surgery e-Learning Modules]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Surgery — This article is about the medical specialty. For other uses, see Surgery (disambiguation). A cardiothoracic surgeon performs a mitral valve replacement at the Fitzsimons Army Medical Center. Surgery (from the Greek … Wikipedia
Pediatric plastic surgery — is plastic surgery performed on children. Its procedures are most often conducted for reconstructive or cosmetic purposes. In children, this line is often blurred, as many congenital deformities impair physical function as well as… … Wikipedia
Pediatric ophthalmology — is a sub speciality of ophthalmology concerned with eye diseases and vision care in children. TrainingIn the United States, pediatric ophthalmologists are physicians who have completed medical school, a 1 year internship, 3 year residency in… … Wikipedia
Pediatric Cardiovascular Surgery — is surgery of the heart on children. ee also [http://www.pediatricheartsurgery.com Pediatric Heart Surgery] References … Wikipedia
Pediatric endocrinology — (British: Paediatric) is a medical subspecialty dealing with variations of physical growth and sexual development in childhood, as well as diabetes and other disorders of the endocrine glands.By age, pediatric endocrinologists care for patients… … Wikipedia
Pediatric urology — is a surgical subspecialty of medicine dealing with the disorders of children s genitourinary systems. Pediatric urologists provide care for both boys and girls ranging from birth to early adult age. The most common problems are those involving… … Wikipedia
surgery — noun 1 medical treatment ADJECTIVE ▪ major, radical ▪ minor ▪ extensive ▪ further ▪ successful … Collocations dictionary
pediatric — adj. Pediatric is used with these nouns: ↑dentist, ↑medicine, ↑nurse, ↑patient, ↑surgery … Collocations dictionary
History of intersex surgery — The History of intersex surgery is intertwined with the development of the specialities of pediatric surgery, pediatric urology, and pediatric endocrinology, with our increasingly refined understanding of sexual differentiation, with the… … Wikipedia
Plastic surgery — Plastic surgeon Occupation Names Doctor, Medical Specialist Activity sectors Surgery Description Education required MD or MBBS or DO US Plastic surgery is a … Wikipedia