- Edward James Reed
Sir Edward James Reed (
20 September 1830– 30 November 1906), KCB, FRS, was the Chief Constructor of the Royal Navyfrom 1863 until 1870. Following his resignation he became a member of Parliamentand author.
Edward Reed was born in
Sheerness, in the county of Kent, England, in 1830. He was a naval apprentice at Sheerness and subsequently entered the School of Mathematics and naval construction at Portsmouth. In 1851 he married Rosetta, the sister of Nathaniel Barnaby. Barnaby was at that time a fellow student; he would subsequently succeed Reed as Chief Constructor.
In 1860, Reed was appointed Secretary to the Institute of Naval Architects, and in 1863, at the early age of 33, succeeded Isaac Watts as Chief Constructor. Notable warships constucted under his direction included the ocean-going turret-ship HMS Monarch and the mastless turret ship HMS Devastation. His term of office was marred by intense controversy with the naval officer, MP and inventor
Cowper Phipps Coles. This culminated in the funding by Parliament of a new battleship, HMS Captain, to be built to Coles' requirement without reference to Reed's department and contrary to his advice. Embittered, Reed resigned in July 1870. "His departure was described as a national disaster by the Controller, Vice-Admiral Robert Spencer Robinson." [http://www.hmscaptain.co.uk/Characters/edwardreed.htm HMS Captain site, biography of Edward J Reed.] ] The following September, the "Captain" foundered in a gale with the loss of nearly 500 lives.
Reed subsequently entered Parliament, serving as MP for Pembroke (1874-1880) and Cardiff (1880-1895 and 1900-1905); in 1886 he was appointed Lord of the Treasury. He was a trenchant, though ultimately reactionary, critic of the policy of his successors as Chief Constructor.
Reed visited Japan in 1879 at the invitation of the imperial government which was building up its navy. A history of Japan written by Reed was published the following year.
Reed died in London in 1906 and is buried in
Putney Vale Cemetery.
Reed was appointed
Companion of the Bath(CB) in 1868, during his term as Chief Constructor, and subsequently Knight Commander of the Bath(KCB) in 1880. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society(FRS) in 1876.
Notable works include
*"Shipbuilding in Iron and Steel" (1868)
*"Our Ironclad Ships, their Qualities, Performance and Cost" (1869)
*"Japan: its History, Traditions, and Religions" Two volumes. London, J. Murray (1880)
*"Treatise on the stability of ships" (1884)
* Brown, DK (2003). "Warrior to Dreadnought: Warship Development 1860-1905". Caxton Editions. ISBN 1-84067-529-2.
* Archibald, EHH (1984). "The Fighting Ship in the Royal Navy 1897-1984". Blandford. ISBN 0-7137-1348-8.
* [http://www.royalsoc.ac.uk/DServe/dserve.exe?dsqIni=Dserve.ini&dsqApp=Archive&dsqCmd=show.tcl&dsqDb=Persons&dsqPos=1&dsqSearch=(((text)='edward')AND((text)='reed')) Royal Society of London on-line biography]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Edward S. Reed — (November 20, 1954 February 14, 1997) was a philosopher of science and an ecological psychologist in the vein of J.J. Gibson. His most important works were published as a triptych: Encountering the World: Toward an Ecological Psychology , The… … Wikipedia
Reed, Edward James — (1967 ) (USA); aka Edward Pinup artist and art educator based in Sum merville, South Carolina. Works primarily in wa tercolor and airbrush to create female pinups. Reproductions: Lazy calm; 2007; oil pastel and digital; World s greatest,… … Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators
Reed (name) — Reed may be either a surname or given name.Reed as a surnameFamily name name = Reed image size = 50 caption = variations on red pronunciation = meaning = variant of Reid, which refers to reddish or ruddy facial complexion region = language =… … Wikipedia
Reed (Familienname) — Reed ist ein Familienname. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z … Deutsch Wikipedia
Edward Reed — may refer to:*Ed Reed (born 1978), American football player for the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League *Edward Reed (artist), pinup artist *Edward Reed (coach), water polo coach for Brown University from 1971 until 1992 *Edward… … Wikipedia
Edward Reed — ist der Name folgender Personen: Edward Reed (Footballspieler) (* 1978), US amerikanischer Footballspieler Edward Reed (Telemarker), US amerikanischer Telemarker Edward C. Reed (1793–1883), US amerikanischer Politiker Edward James Reed… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Reed — (spr. rĭd), 1) Sir Edward James, Schiffbauer, geb. 20. Sept. 1830 in Sheerneß, besuchte die School of mathematics and naval architecture in Portsmouth, erhielt eine Anstellung in dem Dockyard von Sheerneß, übernahm später die Redaktion des… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Edward — see Reed, Edward James … Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators
Edward Elgar — Naissance 2 juin 1857 Broadheath … Wikipédia en Français
James Blaine — James Gillespie Blaine James Gillespie Blaine (* 31. Januar 1830 in West Brownsville, Washington County, Pennsylvania; † 27. Januar 1893 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker … Deutsch Wikipedia