- Type 092 submarine
The 6,500-ton Type 092 Daqingyu (
US Department of Defensedesignation Xia-class, Chinese designation 09-II) submarine was the first ballistic missile-carrying, nuclear-powered submarineclass ( SSBN) deployed by the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy, and the first SSBN designed and built in Asia. She was designed by Huang Xuhua (黄旭华), and derived from the Han-Class SSNs, with an extended hull to accommodate four missile tubes. The first Changzheng 6 (# 406) of its class was laid down in 1978 at Huludao120 miles North-East of Beijing; she was completed in 1981. She then spent 6 years being fitted out and conducting tests with its 12 JL-1 (CSS-N-3) missiles, becoming active in 1987. Later, the submarine went through numerous upgrades in incremental step, including using Type H/SQ2-262B sonar manufactured by No. 613 Factory replacing the original Type 604 sonar on board.
The 092 has undergone numerous refits, currently featuring a new black paint, possible quieting technologies, French designed sonar, and the improved longer ranged JL-1A SLBM. It is reported that the 092 has not sailed beyond Chinese regional waters. One of the two Xia's built was reported lost during an accident.
The Xia is aging however and a new Ballistic Missile Submarine design is in the works for the People's Liberation Army Navy. The US Defense Intelligence Agency lists the Xia-Class as being "Not Operational." [ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/china/type_92.htm Type 092 Xia Class SSBN ] ]
The 092 class are homeported in
Jianggezhuangnear Qingdao. [http://www.nukestrat.com/china/subcave.htm]
Type 094 submarine
Notes and references
* [http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/china/slbm/type_92.htm Federation of American Scientists: Type 92 Xia]
* [http://www.amazon.com/Submarines-World-David-Miller/dp/0517586665 Submarines of the World by David Miller]
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