Artistic depictions of Bangladesh Liberation War


Artistic depictions of Bangladesh Liberation War

There has been numerous works of art that depicted the Bangladesh Liberation War during and since the War both at Bangladesh and abroad. The concert for Bangladesh organized by members of the Beatles was a major happening in 1971 for protest music. The songs recorded for and broadcast on Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra are still considered to be the best of Bangladeshi protest songs.

The four documentaries made during the War - Zahir Raihan's "Stop Genocide" and "A State Is Born", Babulal Chowdhry's "Innocent Millions", Alamgir Kabir's "Liberation Fighters" - are described as the first films made in Bangladesh, as earlier films were all made in Pakistan or India, larger entities that Bangladesh belonged to. Muktir Gaan, based on footage shot by Leer Levin during the war, by Tareq and Kathrine Masud is critically the most acclaimed Bangladeshi documentary. The directors followed the film with two sequels - "Mukitr Katha" and "Narir Katha". Their feature film on the same subject, "Matir Moyna", won the FIPRESCII award at Cannes Film Festival.

There have been numerous poems and novels written on the Liberation war, including Shamsur Rahman's famous poems written during the War. Arguably it is the most often used subject for Bangladeshi literature since 1971. The monuments made to commemorate the War are the highest esteemed monuments in Bangladesh.

Films

* "Stop Genocide" – documentary by Zahir Raihan, (1971)
* "Nine Months to Freedom: The Story of Bangladesh" – documentary by S. Sukhdev (1972)
* "Shei Rater Kotha Bolte Eshechi" ("I Have Come to Speak of That Night") – documentary by Kawsar Chowdhury (2001).
* "Muktir Gaan (Song of Freedom), Muktir Katha" and "Narir Katha" – three different Bangla documentaries by Tareque and Catherine Masud
* "Matir Moina" directed by Tareque Masud, (2002) - winner of the FIPRESCI Prize at the 2002 Cannes Film Festival [ [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0319836/ Matir moina (The Clay Bird)] ]
* "Border", a 1997 Bollywood war film directed by J.P.Dutta. This movie is an adaptation from real life events that happened at the Battle of Longewala fought in Rajasthan (Western Theatre) during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 [ imdb title|id=0118751|title=Border]
* "Aguner Parashmani" – feature film by Humayun Ahmed
* "Shyamal Chhaya (Greenish Shade (of Bangladesh)" – feature film by Humayun Ahmed
* "Ekattorer Jishu (Jesus of 71)" – feature film by Nasiruddin Yusuf
* "Joy Jatra (Victory Procession)" – feature film by Tauqir Ahmed
* "Arunodoyer Agnishakshi (Witness of the Sun Rise)"
* "Dhire Bohey Meghna (The Meghna River Flows Slowly...)"
* "Raktakto Bangla (The Blood-stained Bengal)"
* "Ora Egaro Jon (They were a group of 11..)"
* "Shangram (Struggle)"
* "Bagha Bangali (Bengal Tigers)"
* "Kolmilata"
* "Megher Anek Rang (Clouds have Many Shades)"

Literature

* "Ami Virangana Balchhi (I am the Heroine of War, Speaking...)" – memoir by Nilima Ibrahim
* "Ghum Nei (Sleepless Nights)"– memoir by Nasiruddin Yusuf
* "Ami Bijoy Dekhechi (I have witnessed the Victory)"– memoir by M. R. Akhtar Mukul
* "A Tale of Millions"– memoir by Major (R) Rafik Ul Islam
* "Ekattorer Dinguli (Days of 71)"– memoir by Jahanara Imam(1986)ISBN 984-480-000-5
* "Maa (The Mother)" – novel by Anisul Hoque(2003)ISBN 984-458-422-1
* "Jochhna o Janani'r Galpo (The Tale of Moonlight and the Motherland)"– novel by Humayun Ahmed(2004)ISBN 984-8682-76-7
* "Ekatture Uttar Ronangaon ('71 Northern Front)" - Factual War Accounts by M. Hamidullah Khan, Sector Commander 11, Bangladesh War of Independence
* "Of Blood and Fire"
* "September on Jessore Road" – a poem by Allen Ginsberg [ [http://www.everyday-beat.org/ginsberg/poems/jessore.txt "September on Jessore Road"] ]
* "A Golden Age" - Novel by Tahmima Anam

Music

* "The Concert for Bangladesh", New York, 1971
* "Song for Bangladesh" - song by Joan Baez [ [http://www.joanbaez.com/Lyrics/bangladesh.html Lyrics] ]
* "Bangla Desh" - song by George Harrison

Art

* Jatiyo Smriti Soudho (National Monument for Remembrance) in Savar, Dhaka
* Aparajeyo Bangla (Invincible Bengal) – sculpture in Dhaka University
* Shabash Bangladesh (Bravo, Bangladesh) – sculpture in Rajshahi University
* Shoparjito Shadhinota (Self Achieved Freedom) – sculpture in Dhaka University

Museums

* Liberation War Museum, Dhaka
* Shahid Smriti Sangrohoshala (Martyr Memorial Museum), Rajshahi

References

See also

* Artistic depictions of the Bengali Language Movement
* Liberation War Museum


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