Cycas


Cycas
Cycas
Leaves and male cone of Cycas revoluta
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Cycadophyta
Class: Cycadopsida
Order: Cycadales
Family: Cycadaceae
Persoon
Genus: Cycas
L.
Species

See Species Section

Cycas is the type genus and the only genus currently recognised in the cycad family Cycadaceae. About 95 species are currently accepted. The best-known species is Cycas revoluta, widely cultivated under the name "Sago Palm" or "King Sago Palm" due to its palm-like appearance although it is not a true palm. The generic name comes from Greek Koikas, and means "a kind of palm".

The genus is native to the Old World, with the species concentrated around the equatorial regions. It is native to eastern and southeastern Asia including the Philippines with 10 species (9 of which are endemic), eastern Africa (including Madagascar), northern Australia, Polynesia, and Micronesia. Australia has 26 species, while the Indo-Chinese area has about 30. The northernmost species (C. revoluta) is found at 31°N in southern Japan. The southernmost (C. megacarpa) is found at 26°S in southeast Queensland, Australia.

The plants are dioecious, and the family Cycadaceae is unique among the cycads in not forming seed cones on female plants, but rather a group of leaf-like structures each with seeds on the lower margins, and pollen cones on male individuals.

Bark of Cycas rumphii

The caudex is cylindrical, surrounded by the persistent petiole base. Most species form distinct branched or unbranched trunks but in some species the main trunk can be subterranean with the leaf crown appearing to arise directly from the ground. The leaves are pinnate (or more rarely bipinnate) and arranged spirally, with thick and hard keratinose. The leaflets are articulated, have midrib but lack secondary veins. Megasporophylls are not gathered in cones.

Often considered a living fossil, the earliest fossils of the genus Cycas appear in the Cenozoic although Cycas-like fossils that may belong to Cycadaceae extend well into the Mesozoic. Cycas is not closely related to other genera of cycads, and phylogenetic studies have shown that Cycadaceae is the sister-group to all other extant cycads.

The plant takes several years to grow, sexual reproduction takes place after 10 years of exclusive vegetative growth.

A male cone of Cycas circinalis

Selected species

Cycas aculeata
Cycas angulata
Cycas annaikalensis
Cycas apoa
Cycas arenicola
Cycas armstrongii
Cycas arnhemica
Cycas badensis
Cycas balansae
Cycas basaltica
Cycas beddomei
Cycas bifida
Cycas bougainvilleana
Cycas brachycantha
Cycas brunnea
Cycas cairnsiana
Cycas calcicola
Cycas campestris
Cycas candida
Cycas canalis
Cycas chamaoensis
Cycas changjiangensis
Cycas chevalieri
Cycas circinalis
Cycas clivicola
Cycas collina
Cycas condaoensis
Cycas conferta
Cycas couttsiana
Cycas curranii
Cycas debaoensis
Cycas desolata
Cycas diannanensis

 

Cycas dolichophylla
Cycas edentata
Cycas elephantipes
Cycas elongata
Cycas falcata
Cycas fairylakea
Cycas ferruginea
Cycas fugax
Cycas furfuracea
Cycas guizhouensis
Cycas hainanensis
Cycas hoabinhensis
Cycas hongheensis
Cycas inermis
Cycas javana
Cycas lanepoolei
Cycas lindstromii
Cycas litoralis
Cycas maconochiei
Cycas macrocarpa
Cycas media
Cycas megacarpa
Cycas micholitzii
Cycas micronesica
Cycas multipinnata
Cycas nathorstii
Cycas nongnoochiae
Cycas ophiolitica
Cycas orientis
Cycas pachypoda
Cycas panzhihuaensis
Cycas papuana
 

 

Cycas pectinata
Cycas petraea
Cycas platyphylla
Cycas pranburiensis
Cycas pruinosa
Cycas revoluta
Cycas riuminiana
Cycas rumphii Miq.
Cycas schumanniana
Cycas scratchleyana
Cycas seemannii A.Braun
Cycas segmentifida
Cycas semota
Cycas sexseminifera
Cycas siamensis
Cycas silvestris
Cycas simplicipinna
Cycas spherica
Cycas szechuanensis
Cycas taitungensis
Cycas taiwaniana
Cycas tanqingii
Cycas tansachana
Cycas thouarsii
Cycas tropophylla
Cycas tuckeri
Cycas wadei
Cycas xipholepis
Cycas yorkiana
Cycas yunnanensis
Cycas zambalensis
Cycas zeylanica
 

References and external links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • cycas — cycas …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Cycas —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Cycas (informatique).  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cycas — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Cycas Cono masculino y hojas de Cycas revoluta Cl …   Wikipedia Español

  • cycas — [ sikas ] n. m. • 1803 lat. sc.; du gr. koix, koikos « palmier d Égypte » ♦ Bot. Plante gymnosperme (cycadées), arbre ou arbuste exotique, à port de palmier. ● cycas nom masculin (latin scientifique cycas, du grec kuiks, kuikos, palmier d Égypte) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cycas —   [zu griechisch kýkas, eine Palmenart], Gattung der Cycadeen mit acht Arten. Cycas revoluta ist eine dekorative Zierpflanze mit palmwedelähnlichen steifen Blättern; gedeiht auch in trockenen Räumen.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • cycas — [sī′kas΄] n. [see CYCAD] any of a genus (Cycas) of cycads with leathery, dark green leaves and short, thick trunks, grown in warm climates for ornament …   English World dictionary

  • Cycas — Cy cas (s? k?s), n. [Of uncertain origin. Linn[ae]us derives it from one of the obscure Greek words. ] (Bot.) A genus of trees, intermediate in character between the palms and the pines. The pith of the trunk of some species furnishes a valuable… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cycas — (C. L., Sagopalme), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Cycadeaceae; Arten: C. circinnalis u. C. revoluta, schöne, in ihrem Entwickeln u. Wachsthum viel Eigenthümliches zeigende Gewächse, in Ostindien, China, Japan, u. wild in Gärten, aus deren… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cycas — L. (Sagopalme), Gattung der Cykadazeen, niedrige Bäume mit säulenförmigem, mit den Blattresten dauernd bepanzertem Stamm, einfach gefiederten Blättern, in deren Mitte sich bei der weiblichen Pflanze die großen Fruchtzapfen entwickeln. Etwa 16… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cycas — L., Pflanzengattg. der Zykadeen. C. circinālis L. (Sagopalme), Ostindien und Molukken, liefert eine geringe Sorte Sago; C. revolūta L. (Palmfarn [Abb. 380]), in China und Japan, bei uns in Handelsgärten der Blätter wegen kultiviert (Palmenzweige… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.