- Indian National Congress (Organisation)
The Indian National Congress (Organisation) or Congress (O) was a political party in India formed when Indira Gandhi (then the Congress president) broke away from the leadership of the Congress Party (which became known as Congress (I)). As Indira had control over the state machinery, her faction was recognized as the "real" INC by the Election Commission of India, so the rump INC became known as the INC(O), or informally the "Old Congress". Kingmaker Kamaraj and later Morarji Desai became the leader of the INC(O). The Indian National Congress (Organisation) was also occasionally referred to as the Syndicate (by its opponents).
On 12 November 1969 Indira Gandhi was expelled from the Congress party for violating the party discipline. The party finally split with Indira Gandhi setting up a rival organization, which came to be known as Congress (R) - R for Requisition. In the All India Congress Committee, 446 of its 705 members walked over to Indira's side.
The split can in some ways be seen as a left-wing/right-wing division. Indira wanted to use a populist agenda in order to mobilize popular support for the party. The regional party elites, who formed the INC(O), stood for a more right-wing agenda, and distrusted Soviet help.
At the 1971 general election, the INC(O) won about 10% of the vote and 16 Lok Sabha seats, against 44% of the vote and 352 seats for Indira's Congress. In 1977, their vote share was almost halved and they lost 3 seats. Later the same year, INC(O) merged with the much larger Bharatiya Lok Dal and other parties to form the Janata Party as a more united opposition to Indira's rule. Congress (O)'s leader Morarji Desai served as Prime Minister of India of the Janata government from 1977 to 1979.
- Morarji Desai
- S Nijalingappa
- Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
- Atulya Ghosh
- S.K. Patil
- Hitendra K Desai
- Satyendra Narayan Sinha
- Chandra Bhanu Gupta
- Veerendra Patil
- G. K. Moopanar
- Ramakrishna Hegde
- Sikander Bakht
- Chaudhary Dal Singh
- Indian National Congress breakaway parties
State of Emergency in India (1975–1977) PersonalitiesIndira Gandhi - Jayaprakash Narayan - Siddhartha Shankar Ray - Jivatram Kripalani - Morarji Desai - Atal Bihari Vajpayee - C. N. Annadurai - K. Kamaraj - Periyar E. V. Ramasamy - Harcharan Singh Longowal - Lal Krishna Advani - Charan Singh - Jagjivan Ram - Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed - Sanjay Gandhi - Jagmohan - Bansi Lal - Zail Singh - Dev Kant Baruah - Jagmohanlal Sinha - Hans Raj Khanna - H. N. Bahuguna - Raj Narain - George Fernandes - Neelam Sanjiva Reddy OrganisationsIndian National Congress (R) - Janata Morcha - Janata Party - Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam - Dravidar Kazhagam - Indian National Congress (Organisation) - Shiromani Akali Dal - Bharatiya Jana Sangh - Swatantra Party - Bharatiya Lok Dal - Socialist Party of India - Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh - Communist Party of India (Marxist) - People's Union for Civil Liberties Events
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Indian National Congress — Not to be confused with Indian National Congress (Organization). Indian National Congress … Wikipedia
Indian National Congress — Der Indische Nationalkongress (INC) (engl.: Indian National Congress), auch Kongresspartei genannt, war die führende Bewegung des indischen Unabhängigkeitskampfes. Sie ist als eine Nationalpartei Indiens anerkannt. Die Kongresspartei galt bis… … Deutsch Wikipedia
President of the Indian National Congress — This article is part of a series about Indian National Congress … Wikipedia
Fiji Indian National Congress — On the fiftieth anniversary of the arrival of the first Indians in Fiji, two different organisations called the Fiji Indian National Congress were formed in Fiji. The acting Governor of Fiji, Alfred W. Seymour, despite European opposition,… … Wikipedia
Indian National Army — Infobox Military Unit unit name=Indian National Army caption= dates= August 1942 September 1945 country=India allegiance= Azad Hind branch= Infantry role= Guerrilla Infantry, Special Operations. size=43,000 (approx) commanders= ceremonial chief=… … Wikipedia
Indian Youth Congress — The Indian Youth Congress is the youth wing of the Indian National Congress Party. As of 2006, the Indian Youth Congress has over 4,000,000 members across India, the largest democratic youth organisation in the world.The Indian Youth Congress was … Wikipedia
Indian Overseas Congress UK — The Indian Overseas Congress UK is an organisation of the Indian diaspora in the UK. There are over 1 million Indians in the UK. The educational and economic success of the British Indians is above those of other ethnic groups and the average… … Wikipedia
Indian National Council — The Indian National Council was an organisation founded in December 1941 in Bangkok by Indian Nationalists residing in Thailand.Harvnb|Bhargava|1982|p=210] The organisation was founded from the Thai Bharat Cultural Lodge on 22 December 1941. The… … Wikipedia
Indian National Trade Union Congress — Infobox Union name= INTUC country= India affiliation= ITUC members= 3.8 million (2002) full name= Indian National Trade Union Congress native name= founded= May 3, 1947 current= head= dissolved date= dissolved state= merged into= office= New… … Wikipedia
National Democratic Organisation — The National Democratic Organisation was a political party in Trinidad and Tobago. It contested the 2001 general elections, but received just 50 votes and failed to win a seat. The party did not contest any further elections. References ^… … Wikipedia