- Odo Ydonc
Odo Ydonc Bishop of Galloway (elect) Church Roman Catholic Church See Diocese of Galloway In Office 1235–1241 x Predecessor Walter Successor Gilbert Orders Consecration None Personal details Born unknown
Died unknown Previous post Abbot of Dercongal
Odo Ydonc was a 13th century Premonstratensian prelate. The first recorded appearance of Odo was when he witnessed a charter by Donnchadh, Earl of Carrick, on July 21, 1225. In this document he is already Abbot of Dercongal, incidentally the first Abbot of Dercongal to appear on record.
Dercongal Abbey (also Holywood Abbey, from Latin Sancti Nemoris), which is Gaelic or Irish Doire Conghaill, "oak-wood of St Congall", was a recently established house of Premonstratensian canons, perhaps founded by Alan, Lord of Galloway, but Odo's appearance is indeed the first time we know about the abbey's existence. An abbot of Dercongal, unnamed but surely Odo, was recorded as a papal mandatory in a document of Paisley Abbey on December 18 of the same year (1225).
It is unknown from what point or until what point Odo held the abbacy of Dercongal, but by March 11, 1235, when he next appeared on the record, he was merely a former abbot, and thus had been demoted in the intervening period. This appearance in the sources occurs because the Prior of Whithorn and the canons of Whithorn Priory chose to elect Odo as their own candidate to succeed Bishop Walter as Bishop of Galloway; as Odo was a fellow Premonstratensian and indeed a canon of Whithorn, he was thus "one of them" and a natural choice.
Unfortunately for Odo, King Alexander II of Scotland had his own candidate, another former abbot, Gilbert of Glenluce, Cistercian ex-Abbot of Glenluce, now monk of Melrose Abbey; Alexander was recently crushing a revolt in Galloway, and probably took an interest in the new bishop for this reason. Appeals to both the Archbishop of York and the Pope himself were forwarded, and despite the protests of the canons and their argument about the "illegality" of Gilbert's election (who appears to have been supported only by Michael, the archdeacon of Galloway), Gilbert secured consecration by Archbishop Walter de Gray at York on September 2.
An investigation by Pope Gregory IX had already been started, June 9, in which the Pope had issued a mandate to the Bishop of Rathlure, the Bishop of Raphoe, and the Archdeacon of Raphoe, authorising them to investigate the legality of Odo's election, and if they found it to have accorded with canon law, to consecrate him as Bishop of Galloway and compel Gilbert to restore everything he had taken; the results of this investigation are not known. Odo was still claiming the bishopric on June 19, 1241, but disappeared from the records after this date. It is not known when Odo died.
- ^ Anderson, Early Sources, vol. ii, p. 495, n. 7; Innes (ed.), Registrum Episcopatus Glasguensis, vol. i, no. 117; Watt & Shead, Heads of Religious Houses, p. 97.
- ^ a b Watt & Shead, Heads of Religious Houses, p. 97.
- ^ Anderson, Early Sources, vol. ii, p. 495, n. 7; Cowan & Easson, Medieval Religious Houses, p. 102; Watson, Celtic Place-Names, p. 169; Watt & Shead, Heads of Religious Houses, p. 97.
- ^ Watt & Shead, Heads of Religious Houses, p. 97; the document in question is Pais. Reg., p. 320.
- ^ Dowden, Bishops, p. 356; Oram, Lordship of Galloway, p. 183; Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 128.
- ^ Oram, Lordship of Galloway, pp. 141-6, 182-3.
- ^ Oram, Lordship of Galloway, p. 184; Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 128.
- ^ Dowden, Bishops, pp. 356-7.
- ^ Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 129.
- Anderson, Alan Orr, Early Sources of Scottish History, 2 vols, (Edinburgh, 1922)
- Cowan, Ian B. & Easson, David E., Medieval Religious Houses: Scotland With an Appendix on the Houses in the Isle of Man, Second Edition, (London, 1976)
- Dowden, John, The Bishops of Scotland, ed. J. Maitland Thomson, (Glasgow, 1912)
- Innes, Cosmo Nelson (ed.), Registrum Episcopatus Glasguensis; Munimenta Ecclesie Metropolitane Glasguensis a Sede Restaurata Seculo Incunte Xii Ad Reformatam Religionem, 2 vols, (Edinburgh, 1843)
- Keith, Robert, An Historical Catalogue of the Scottish Bishops: Down to the Year 1688, (London, 1924)
- Oram, Richard, The Lordship of Galloway, (Edinburgh, 2000)
- Watson, W.J., The Celtic Place-Names of Scotland, (Edinburgh, 1926) reprinted, with an Introduction, full Watson bibliography and corrigenda by Simon Taylor (Edinburgh, 2004)
- Watt, D. E. R., Fasti Ecclesiae Scotinanae Medii Aevi ad annum 1638, 2nd Draft, (St Andrews, 1969)
- Watt, D. E. R.,& Shead, N.F. (eds.), The Heads of Religious Houses in Scotland from the 12th to the 16th Centuries, The Scottish Records Society, New Series, Volume 24, (Edinburgh, 2001)
Religious titles Preceded by
Abbot of Dercongal
Next recorded abbot was
Bishop of Galloway
Gilbert of Glenluce
Bishop of Galloway / Whithorn
Pre-Reformation bishops of Galloway, x 1128–1560
Gille Aldan · Christian of Whithorn · John of Whithorn · Walter of Whithorn · Gilbert of Glenluce · Odo Ydonc · Henry of Holyrood · Thomas de Kirkcudbright · Simon de Wedale · Michael MacKenlagh · Thomas MacDowell · Adam de Lanark · Oswald of Glenluce · Ingram de Ketenis · Thomas de Rossy · Elisaeus Adougan · Gilbert Cavan · Thomas de Buittle · Alexander Vaus · Thomas Spens · Thomas Vaus · Ninian Spot · George Vaus · James Beaton · David Arnot · Henry Wemyss · Andrew Durie · Alexander Gordon
Post-Reformation bishops of Galloway, 1560–1689
Alexander Gordon · John Gordon · Roger Gordon · George Gordon · Vacant (1588–1605) · Gavin Hamilton · William Couper · Andrew Lamb · Thomas Sydserf · Vacant (1638–1661) · James Hamilton · John Paterson · Arthur Rose · James Aitken · John Gordon
Italics indicate non-consecrated, titular or doubtful bishops.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Gilbert of Glenluce — infobox bishopbiog name = Gilbert religion=Roman Catholic Church See = Diocese of Galloway Title = Bishop of Galloway Period = 1235–1253 consecration = September 2, 1235 Predecessor = Walter Successor = Henry of Holyrood post = Abbot of Glenluce… … Wikipedia
Christian of Whithorn — was Bishop of Whithorn (1154–1186), the second incumbent of that Episcopal See since it had been resurrected by King Fergus of Galloway earlier in the 12th century. It has been suggested by some scholars that Christian had been a Cistercian monk … Wikipedia
Michael MacKenlagh — (Scottish Gaelic: Mìcheal MacFhionnlaigh ) was Bishop of Galloway or Whithorn (1355 58). He had previously been Prior of Whithorn, head of the cathedral s monastery and leader of the local religious elite. He was elected to the episcopate… … Wikipedia
Abbot of Dercongal — The Abbot of Dercongal or Abbot of Holywood (later Commendator of Holywood) was the head of the Premonstratensian monastic community of Dercongal Abbey (or Holywood Abbey as it was later called). The history of the abbots of the house is obscure… … Wikipedia
Ninian Spot — Bishop of Galloway Church Roman Catholic Church See Diocese of Galloway In Office 1458 1480 × 1482 Predecessor … Wikipedia
David Arnot — For other people named David Arnot, see David Arnot (disambiguation). David Arnot Bishop of Galloway Church Roman Catholic Church See Diocese of Galloway In Office … Wikipedia
Oswald of Glenluce — Oswald O. Cist. (d. after 1417) was a Cistercian monk and bishop in the late 14th century and early 15th century. There is an Oswald Botelere (Butler) granted a safe conduct, along with 12 others, to enter England and study at the University of… … Wikipedia
Liste der Bischöfe von Galloway — Die folgenden Personen waren Bischöfe von Galloway (Schottland): Bischöfe von Whithorn Heiliger Ninian, † 432? (?) Octa 681 Trumwine 731 Pehthelm, † 735 735 Frithwald, † 764 763 Pehtwine, † 776 777 Æthelbert (danach Bischof von Hexham) 791… … Deutsch Wikipedia