- Tom Monaghan
Thomas Stephen "Tom" Monaghan (born
March 25, 1937in Ann Arbor, Michigan) is an entrepreneurand Catholic philanthropistwho founded Domino's Pizzain 1960. He owned the Detroit Tigersfrom 1983-1992.
Monaghan sold Domino's in 1998 and has subsequently dedicated his time and considerable fortune to Catholic philanthropy and political causes. A champion of the
pro-lifecause, Monaghan has spent hundreds of millions of dollars on philanthropy and activism, which has garnered both appreciation and criticism.citation |last=Marchetti |first=Domenica |title=Delivering on His Word| date=1999-10-7| periodical=The Chronicle of Philanthropy| url=http://philanthropy.com/free/articles/v11/i24/24000101.htm| accessdate=2007-03-24] He and his wife, Marjorie Zybach, were married in 1962 and have four adult daughters.
Early life and business career
After his father died, Monaghan's mother had difficulties raising him alone, and Monaghan ended up in St. Joseph Home for Children in
Jackson, Michigan, run by the Felician Sistersof Livonia. The nuns there inspired his devotion to the Catholic faith and later he entered a minor seminary, with the desire to eventually become a priest. Subsequently, he was expelled from the seminary for a series of disciplinary infractions.
Monaghan enlisted in the
United States Marine Corpsin 1956 by mistake; he had meant to join the Army.Boyer, Peter J., "The Deliverer", "The New Yorker", February 19, 2007, [http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2007/02/19/070219fa_fact_boyer abstract] ] He received an honorable dischargein 1959. He then returned to Ann Arbor, Michiganand enrolled in the University of Michigan, intending to become an architect. While still a student, he and his brother James borrowed $500 to purchase a small pizza store called DomiNick's in Ypsilanti, Michigan. This business would grow into Domino's Pizza. Tom later traded his brother James a Volkswagen Beetle for his half of the business. [cite web |url=http://dominos.com/Public-EN/Site+Content/Secondary/Inside+Dominos/Our+Heritage/ |title=Our Heritage |accessdate=2007-03-23 ] A car like the one he traded now resides inside the main entrance into the Dominos World Resource Center in Ann Arbor.
Detroit Tigers owner
In 1983, Monaghan bought the
Detroit Tigers, who won the World Series a year later. He became close to Major League Baseball commissioner Bowie Kuhn, who remained a close friend, business associate and participant in his many philanthropic works. [cite web| title=Bowie Kuhn, Requiescat in Pace| url=http://www.naples.avemaria.edu/newscenter/newsdetail.asp?newsID=200| date=2007-03-16| accessdate=2007-03-24] Monaghan ultimately sold the Tigers to his competitor Mike Ilitchof Little Caesar's Pizza in 1992. Combining his passion for pizza and baseball, his 1986 autobiography was titled "Pizza Tiger".
Other business pursuits
Monaghan is a fan of
Frank Lloyd Wright's architecture, and the Domino's headquarters in Ann Arbor Township, Michiganstrongly resembles Wright's Prairie Schoolarchitecture adapted to a larger scale. He has been one of the foremost collectors of Wright artifacts, including an oak dining room table and chairs for which he paid $1.6 million. [cite news |first=Ginny |last=Holbert |title=The Wright price—Monaghan's deals raise stakes |url=http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P2-3991870.html |work=Chicago Sun Times |date=1990-04-01 |accessdate=2007-03-26 ] He even purchased a portion of Drummond Island in Michigan, where he created a private resort complex featuring buildings designed in the style of Wright.
Another of Monaghan's expensive passions has been automobiles, and for a time his collection included one of the world's six
Bugatti Royales, for which he paid $8.1 million in 1986. He later sold the car for $8 million.
After reading "
Mere Christianity" by Christian author C. S. Lewisin 1989, Monaghan was shaken by what he considered his sinful pride and ego. He took two years off from Domino's to examine his life and explore religious goals.Fact|date=February 2007
Despite his enormous wealth, Monaghan divested himself of most of his ostentatious material possessions. He gave up his lavish office suite at Domino's headquarters, replete with leather-tiled floors and an array of expensive Wright furnishings, turning it into a corporate reception room. He also ceased construction on a huge Wright-inspired mansion that was to be his home. (The house remains half-finished.) He also built a mission in a Honduras mountain town, and funded and supervised the construction of a new cathedral in
Managua, Nicaragua, after the old cathedral was destroyed in a 1972 earthquake.
He returned to Domino's in 1991 after its fortunes worsened and the company bounced right back. He infuriated the
National Organization for Women(NOW) by donating to pro-life causes.Fact|date=February 2007 NOW called for a boycott of Domino's, but it is unclear what effect, if any, that had on the company's sales. [cite news |coauthors=Bill Shapiro, Vince Bielski |title=Domino's Pizza |url=http://www.motherjones.com/news/outfront/1994/03/dominos.html |publisher=Mother Jones |date=March/April 1994 |accessdate=2007-03-23 ] Domino's spokeswoman Holly Ryan said the company has posted record sales every year it had been in business.Fact|date=February 2007 Monaghan sold his controlling stake in Domino's Pizza in 1998 to Bain Capital, an investment firm based in Boston, for an estimated $1 billion, stepping away from a pizza empire he grew from a single shop to about 6,100.
Monaghan is a
Catholicwith a particular interest in pro-life causes and the appointment of pro-life Justices to the U.S. Supreme Court.In 1983 he established the Mater Christi Foundation, today known as the Ave Maria Foundation. [http://www.avemariafoundation.org/ The Ave Maria Foundation] .] It is a private foundation formed to focus on Catholic education, Catholic media, community projects and other Catholic charities.
He helped form Legatus, [ [http://www.legatus.org/public/index.asp Legatus] .] an organization of Catholic business leaders to promote the ideals of the Catholic Church in society. The name was taken from the Latin word for "commander of a legion". Legatus was to serve as a spiritual resource and social community for "top-ranking Catholic business leaders". The idea came after Monaghan received
Holy Communionfrom Pope John Paul IIin his private papal chapel at the Vatican in 1987. Today there are 60 chapters in the U.S. and Canada which encompass nearly 1,500 members who represent over 750 major firms.
That Vatican visit moved him so much he returned to the United States committed to promoting the Catholic faith. He soon established
Ave Maria Radio, [ [http://www.wdeo.org/ Ave Maria Radio] = WDEO (AM).] the Ave Maria List[ [http://www.avemarialist.org/ Ave Maria List] .] pro-life political action committee, and the Thomas More Law Center, [http://www.thomasmore.org/ The Thomas More Law Center] ] a public interest law firm focused on defending the rights of Christians. The foundation donates resources to help alleviate poverty in Central and South America. In addition, his foundation established the Spiritus Sanctus Academies. [ [http://www.spiritussanctus.org/ The Spiritus Sanctus Academies] .] These elementary schools are administered by the Dominican Sisters of Mary, Mother of the Eucharist. [http://www.sistersofmary.org/ The Dominican Sisters of Mary Mother of the Eucharist] .] This order of teaching sisters has benefited from Monaghan's philanthropy. In 10 years, it has grown rapidly, from 4 to 70 nuns.
The Ave Maria Foundation has subsequently fine-tuned its focus to higher education, and has established both a university and a law school. Along with that change in focus, many of the other non-profit entities that the Ave Maria Foundation established have become independent or are in the process of being weaned from Ave Maria Foundation grants. This narrowing of focus and the recent geographic re-alignment to Florida (see below) have ignited no small amount of controversy among those who share his religious convictions.
Ave Maria School of Law, [ [http://www.avemarialaw.edu The Ave Maria School of Law] .] located in Ann Arbor, Michigan, opened its doors in 2000, and received full accreditation from the American Bar Associationin 2005, the earliest possible date under ABA rules. The school was a dream of several professors from the University of Detroit Mercy, who publicly left that institution when it allowed several pro-choicemembers of the Michigan Supreme Court to appear at the school's annual "Red Mass." Professors Stephen Safranek, Mollie Murphy, Richard Myers and Joseph Falvey, setting out to form a new orthodox Catholic law school, presented their idea to Monaghan (who had previously been a strong supporter of opening a new law school at Franciscan University) to provide significant funding through his Ave Maria Foundation. Together they enlisted Bernard Dobranski, Dean at The Catholic University of America's law school and former Dean of Detroit Mercy's Law School, to lead up the new school as dean. Monaghan would serve as president of the school's Board of Governors.
Faculty members include noted conservative legal scholar and Supreme Court nominee Judge
Robert Bork. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scaliaassisted in developing the school's curriculum, and the school's first annual Ave Maria Lecture was presented by Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomasin 1999. The school's stated goal is to educate competent moral attorneys who will influence all aspects of the legal profession and advance natural lawtheory.
As a step to fulfilling his dream of creating a new Catholic university, Monaghan founded
Ave Maria College[http://www.mi.avemaria.edu Ave Maria College] .] in Ypsilanti, Michigan. In various attempts to accelerate accreditation, Monaghan acquired St. Mary's College of Orchard Lake and a campus in Nicaragua, renamed Ave Maria College of the Americas.
Due to lack of funding, the college, against faculty and student protests, is in the process of "winding down" in preparation for a 2007 closure. Although the college continues to operate in Ypsilanti, as promised, through the 2006/2007 academic year, the current president has told students that graduating from Ave Maria College will mean receiving a substandard educational experience. To date, alternative funding has not been secured to prevent the school's closure. St. Mary's College was sold and is now under the auspices of nearby
The orchestral "Ave Maria Mass", [http://www.aquinasandmore.com/index.cfm/FuseAction/store.ItemDetails/SKU/7944/30750429FBB-65B8-D4D4-D5E288AEBB0FC383.htm Ave Maria Mass] at AquinasAndMore.com] by composer Stephen Edwards, was commissioned by Monaghan "to express in music the spiritual commitment behind the founding of Ave Maria College and Ave Maria School of Law." This mass has now been dedicated by the composer to the victims of September 11.
Monaghan publicly promotes daily attendance at
Mass, daily recitation of the rosaryand frequent sacramental confession. He has also committed to spending what remains of his $1 billion fortune on philanthropic endeavors.
"Morally responsible investing"
Monaghan helped to establish the
Ave Maria Mutual Fundsby asking friend George P. Schwartz of Schwartz Investment Counsel, Inc. to launch the Ave Maria Catholic Values Fund in May 2001. There are now five Ave Maria Mutual Funds. They are described as targeted at investors seeking to place their money in companies whose operations are in keeping with the core teachings of the Catholic Church. The fund calls their shareholders "morally responsible investors." The funds are open to individual investors with a $1,000 minimum investment.
Monaghan is a member of the Catholic Advisory Board. The board sets the religious criteria that screen companies before the funds will invest in them. Involvement with contraception, non-marital partner employee benefits, pornography, and abortion are some issues that disqualify a company from the fund.
Lou Holtz, Larry Kudlow, Michael Novak, Phyllis Schlafly and Paul Roney are the other members of the Funds' Catholic Advisory Board. Cardinal Maida (of Detroit) is the board's ecclesiastic advisor.
Ave Maria, Florida
Monaghan had originally sought to establish the
Ave Maria University[ [http://www.avemaria.edu Ave Maria University] .] in Ann Arbor, at Domino's Farms, the large corporate office park that he owned and leased to Domino's Pizza. Local officials refused to approve the zoning change, forcing him to look elsewhere for a site. Eventually community leaders in Collier County, Florida, offered him a large undeveloped tract of land thirty miles east of Naples, Floridato develop the university.
In February 2006, ground was broken for the new
Catholicuniversity and town, Ave Maria, Florida. [ [http://www.avemaria.com Ave Maria, Florida] .] Monaghan controls all commercial real estate in the town, and plans to build 11,000 homes, an oratory, and several businesses. Pulte Homes has been signed up to build most of the private homes. Monaghan said in 2005 that any town retailers would not be allowed to sell contraceptivesor pornography, a statement which drew fire from the ACLU." [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/11434439/site/newsweek/ Halfway to Heaven] : A Catholic millionaire's dream town draws fire", "Newsweek", February 27, 2006.] Threatened with lawsuits, Monaghan has since modified his stance on how tightly commerce will be controlled in the town. [cite news |first=David |last=CassStevens |title=New town is also 'one big congregation' |url=http://www.star-telegram.com/629/story/192749.html |publisher=Fort Worth Star-Telegram |date= 2007-08-06|accessdate=2007-08-28 ] Defenders of Wildlife has also challenged the development, stating it is destroying habitat of the endangered Florida Panther. [cite press release |title=Conservation Group Calls on Federal Agencies to Protect Critical Florida Panther Habitat |publisher=Defenders of Wildlife |date=2007-02-20 |url=http://www.defenders.org/newsroom/press_releases_folder/2007/02_20_2007_calling_on_federal_agencies_to_protect_critical_florida_panther_habitat.php |accessdate=2007-07-25]
1984 Detroit Tigers season
* Daily Catholic: [http://www.dailycatholic.org/issue/archives/1999Oct/199oct19%2Cvol.10%2Cno.199txt/oct19dc1.htm Top 100 Catholics of the Century, No. 38, Thomas S. Monaghan]
* Boston Phoenix article about [http://www.bostonphoenix.com/boston/news_features/top/features/documents/04761831.asp the town of Ave Maria]
* [http://chronicle.com/stats/big_gifts.htm Major Private Gifts to Higher Education Since 1967]
* [http://www.avemariafunds.com Ave Maria Mutual Funds]
* [http://avewatch.com AveWatch.com - Investigative Journalism on Tom Monaghan's Ave Maria Entities]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Tom Monaghan — (25 mars 1937, Ann Arbor, Michigan), de son nom complet Thomas S. Monaghan est un entrepreneur catholique et philanthrope, originaire du Michigan, qui a fondé Pizza s Domino en 1960. Lui et son épouse, Marjorie Zybach, une protestante,… … Wikipédia en Français
Tom Monaghan — Nacimiento 25 de marzo de 1937, 74 años … Wikipedia Español
Tom Monaghan — Thomas Stephen Tom Monaghan (* 15. März 1937 in Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA) ist ein US amerikanischer Unternehmer. Tom Monaghan gründete als Student 1960 Domino’s Pizza und verkaufte das Unternehmen 1998. Von 1983 bis 1992 war er Eigentümer der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tom Monaghan's Leaning Tower of Pizza — In the mid 1980’s, Domino’s Pizza mogul Tom Monaghan asked Taliesin Associated Architects, the inheritors of Frank Lloyd Wright s practice, to erect a structure based on an un built tower that Wright designed in 1956 for Chicago called the Golden … Wikipedia
Monaghan (disambiguation) — Monaghan is a variant of the Gaelic manacháin, meaning little monk ,, and may refer to the following: Contents 1 Places 2 People … Wikipedia
Monaghan (Begriffsklärung) — Monaghan ist der Name folgender Orte: Monaghan, Stadt in Irland County Monaghan, County (Grafschaft) in Irland Monaghan ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Cameron Monaghan (* 1993), amerikanischer Schauspieler Dominic Monaghan (* 1976),… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Monaghan (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Localité 2 Patronyme 3 Mil … Wikipédia en Français
Tom Stout — (* 20. Mai 1879 in New London, Missouri; † 26. Dezember 1965 in Billings, Montana) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1913 und 1917 vertrat er den Bundesstaat Montana im US Repräsentantenhaus. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Jahre 2 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tom Mohan — is a former footballer from Ireland. CareerMohan played for Derry City FC and Finn Harps. He made his debut for Finn Harps in August, 1998 and was noted for his quick pace.After footballSince his retirement from playing football, Mohan has moved… … Wikipedia
Tom Hardy (broadcaster) — After a brief spell as a secondary school science teacher Tom Hardy began his professional radio career on the offshore pirate radio ships The Voice of Peace and Radio Caroline in the mid to late 70s. Arriving in Ireland in 1981 he was presenter … Wikipedia