- 2nd (Eastern Ontario Regiment) Battalion, CEF
The 2nd (Eastern Ontario Regiment) Battalion of the
Canadian Expeditionary Forcewas created in response to the First World War. The battalion comprised local militia in many regions of Ontario(and even from Quebec City). Men came from as far away as Sault Ste. Marie to join in Canada’s military endeavor. Local militia gathered at Valcartier, in August 1914 and became part of the 2nd Battalion. The original officers were gathered from various regiments within the battalion, including the Governor General's Foot Guardsof Ottawa, the 16th Prince Edward Regiment, the 40th Northumberland Regiment, the 41st Brockville Rifles, and the 42nd Regiment(Lanark and Renfrew), among others. The battalion boarded the "S.S. Cassandra" from Quebec Cityon 22 September 1914, but sailed only as far as the Gaspe Basin, where more troops were collected. The battalion finally left the Gaspe Basin on 3 Octoberas part of a convoy of at least 30 other ships, carrying a combined 32,000 Canadian soldiers, which would be the first of the Canadian infantry contributions to the war. The "Cassandra" landed at Plymouthon 25 October, where the battalion disembarked and began rigorous training for the European battlefield. On 8 February 1915, the battalion was mobilized for war. They sailed out of Englandaboard the "S.S. Blackwell", bound for France. The battalion’s first taste of battle came later that month, on 19 February, when they entered the trench system at Armentieres. The first major battle to which the 2nd Battalion contributed was the Second Battle of Ypres, in April 1915. When the battalion pulled out of the battle, on 29 April, the final count included 6 officers and 68 other ranks killed, 4 officers and 158 other ranks wounded, and 5 officers and 302 other ranks missing, for a combined loss of 543 men. The 2nd Battalion also fought at the battles of Ypres, St. Julien, Festubert, Pozieres, Vimy(1917), Arleux, Hill 70, Passchendaele, Amiens, and Canal du Nord, to name only a few. By the end of the war, 242 officers and 5,084 other ranks had fought with the battalion. Of those, 52 officers and 1,227 other ranks were killed in action, accidentally killed, or died of their injuries. At 8:30 on the morning of 24 April 1919, the 2nd Battalion was officially demobilized at Kingston, Ontario. The Colours of the 2nd Battalion, consisting of the King’s Colour(presented by His Majesty King George V) and the Regimental Colour(presented by Mr. Charles Band), were kept by the congregation of St Paul’s Churchin Bowmanville, Ontario, from 1921 to 1942. In 1942, it was decided the Colours should be moved due to decay, and were entrusted to Dr. Gustave Lanctot, Dominion Archivist. When the Military Museum was completed, the Colours held a place of honour for all to see, never again to be moved.
*“Eight More Officers Reported Wounded.” Globe and Mail. 27 April 1915: A2.
*Hopkins, J. Castell. Canada at War: a Record of Heroism and Achievement, 1914-1918. Toronto: the Canadian Annual Review Limited, 1919.
*Meek, John F. Over the Top: the Canadian Infantry in the First World War. 1971.
*Morton, Desmond. "Canadian Expeditionary Force." The Oxford Companion to Canadian History. Ed. Gerald Hallowell. Oxford University Press, 2004.
*Murray, Colonel W. W. The History of the 2nd Canadian Battalion (Eastern Ontario Regiment) Canadian Expeditionary Force. Ottawa: Mortimer Ltd., 1947.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
207th (Carleton) Battalion, CEF — Organized at Ottawa by Lt Col Charles Wesley MacLean with members recruited by the 43rd Regiment Duke of Cornwall s Own Rifles and volunteers from Carleton Co. and environs beginning in February 1916. Initial training was conducted at Rockcliffe… … Wikipedia
38th Battalion, CEF — The 38th Battalion, CEF was a unit of the First World War Canadian Expeditionary Force.The battalion was mobilized in Ottawa and recruited in Ottawa and district (Brockville, Perth, Prescott and Alexandria).An initial draft of 5 officers and 251… … Wikipedia
The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment — Infobox Military Unit unit name=The Princess of Wales Own Regiment caption=Cap badge of The Princess of Wales Own Regiment dates=January 16, 1863– country=Canada branch=Militia type=Line Infantry role=Light Role size= One battalion command… … Wikipedia
The Royal Canadian Regiment — Infobox Military Unit unit name= The Royal Canadian Regiment caption= Regimental cypher of The Royal Canadian Regiment dates=December 21, 1883 country=Canada allegiance= branch=Land Command type= Line infantry role= Light Infantry (one battalion) … Wikipedia
The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment) caption= dates=14 September 1866 country=Canada branch=Militia type=Line Infantry role=Light Infantry size=One battalion command structure=Royal Canadian… … Wikipedia
The Lincoln and Welland Regiment — is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces based in St. Catharines and Welland, Ontario.The Regimental Colonel in Chief is HRH The Countess of Wessex andthe regimental motto is Non Nobis Sed Patriæ , Not for ourselves but for… … Wikipedia
Le Régiment de Hull (RCAC) — is a Primary Reserve armoured reconnaissance regiment of the Canadian Forces. The regiment is based in Hull, Quebec near Ottawa. Active in all aspects of the day to day life of Outaouais residents, the unit is the only francophone military… … Wikipedia
List of World War II topics (0-9) — # 1 Alpine Division Taurinense # 1 Alpini Regiment # 1 Cent WWII (Dutch coin) # 1 Mountain Artillery Regiment (Italy) # 1 vs 40 (Zipang manga) # 1. Jagd Division # 1.1 /75 caliber gun # 10 cm K 17 # 10.5 cm FlaK 38 # 10.5 cm leFH 16 # 10.5 cm… … Wikipedia
1st Hussars — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 1st Hussars caption= Regimental Badge of the 1st Hussars motto= Hodie Non Cras (Today Not Tomorrow) march= Bonnie Dundee ceremonial chief= colonel of the regiment=John Drake colonel of the regiment label=Honorary… … Wikipedia
History of the Canadian Army — The Canadian Army as such only existed under that name from November 1940 to February 1968. However, the term has been traditionally applied to the ground forces of Canada s military from Confederation in 1867 to the present. The term is often… … Wikipedia