- Russian martial arts
Russian martial arts (RMA) describe various traditional and contemporary
martial artswith Russian roots.
Historically, Russia's size has made it difficult for official military forces to defend distant areas against relatively small conflicts. It is because of this that local citizen-militia sprung up in various places. Small communities who needed to defend themselves did so with their own martial traditions. Many different
ethnic groups developed their own traditional fighting methods.
Because of its long history and proximity to many different cultures, it is believed that many Russian martial arts have absorbed and combined elements from
Chinese martial arts, Japanese martial arts, European martial arts, and even parts of Greco-Roman wrestling. The most famous example is the influence of Judoon the early form of Sambo. [The grandson of Sambo's founder testified in court the foundation of Judo which was found in Sambo.Fact|date=March 2007: On the base of judo he developed new system of hand-to-hand combat for army. He called this system "free-style wrestling". [http://glory.nsu.ru/projects/satbi/satbi-e/martart/ruseng.html] ]
One of the oldest
Russian martial arts is Fistfight, which's earliest known account is in the 13th century.
Although there is much cultural influence, there are many notable
Russian martial arts which are unique, or have elements which are unique. Although there are some trends across some Russian martial arts, many of them have evolved in their own individual ways.
Russian history has had many significant conflicts, such as the
Battle of Kulikovo, when the Russiansfought against the Tartarsand Mongols (the Golden Horde). Contact with different invaders from all directions is thought to have influenced martial traditions.
Soviet erathe government wanted to create new martial arts. The new styles included Combat Sambo Spetsnaz, otherwise known as Systema, and Sambo. The new styles overshaded the old folk styles, and almost all of the folk styles were forgotten.
During the '80s and after the
fall of Communismthe interest to the folk martial arts re-awoke. Through ethnographical study, many new styles based on the folk styles appeared. The two most famous new styles of that era are the Russian All-Round Fighting, which is based both on the old folk styles, old Cossack saber fencing and on the Soviet erastyles, and Buza, which is based on the old local village fights and dances.
Hsüan-yehhired CossackBodyguards. [ [http://www.martialtalk.com/forum/archive/index.php/t-8130.html Ancient Chinesse Emperors had Russian Bodyguards?? [Archive - MartialTalk.Com ] ] [ [http://web.archive.org/web/20050404165326/http://www.cnewa.org/ecc-china.htm CNEWA - Orthodox Church of China ] ]
In the media
CTV Travel's [http://www.go-warrior.com Go Warrior] : Russia:: [http://www.go-warrior.com/index.php?option=content&task=view&id=2&Itemid=26] : Roland heads to Moscow to meet Russia’s Orthodox Warriors. Here, they practice a mysterious martial arts form called Systema. Fighting blindfolded, Roland undertakes the ultimate test of his manhood - and enters a world that no outsiders have ever seen.
* "Russian martial arts has a 1000 year old history. We believe that this return to our old roots is a symbol of Russia's revival." --
Yury J. Chaika(The Russian Minister of Justice) -- CTV Travel's [http://www.go-warrior.com Go Warrior] : Russia (2004)
* [http://glory.nsu.ru/projects/satbi/satbi-e/martart/ruseng.html Russian martial art history]
* [http://www.completemartialarts.com/information/styles/russian/russianhistory.htm Russian Martial Art, The Art of Survival, A Way of Natural Living] by
* [http://www.martialtalk.com/forum/forumdisplay.php?f=70 MartialTalk forum on Russian Martial Arts] (down as of September 2007)
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cUPFTPOJWkU RAF Stick Fighting Technical Demonstration]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JE1HwRDERy4 RAF Stick Fight]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Martial arts — For other uses, see Martial arts (disambiguation). Martial arts are extensive systems of codified practices and traditions of combat, practiced for a variety of reasons, including self defense, competition, physical health and fitness, as well as … Wikipedia
Martial arts in Serbia — Martial arts and other combative traditions practiced in Serbia varying amounts of popularity, with Real Aikido being perhaps the most popular and being an elective subject in Serbian elementary schools. Contents 1 Traditional styles 2 List of… … Wikipedia
Martial arts practiced by Muslim Hui — A group of school children practice martial arts formation under the watch of their teacher in the Great Mosque of Xi an. The Hui started and adapted many of the styles of Chinese martial arts such as Bajiquan, Piguaquan, Liu He Quan, and other… … Wikipedia
Chinese martial arts — Kung fu redirects here. For other uses, see Kung fu (disambiguation). Wushu Traditional Chinese 武術 Literal meaning martial art … Wikipedia
Mixed martial arts — For the fighting styles that combine different arts, see hybrid martial arts. Mixed martial arts Junior dos Santos (white shorts) and Shane Carwin (black shorts) fight before referee Herb Dean in the main event of UFC 131 in Vancouver, British… … Wikipedia
Korean martial arts — Not to be confused with Muhan Dojeon. Students from a Korean martial arts school in Calgary do a demonstration Korean martial arts (Hangul: 무술 or 무예, Hanja: 武術 or 武藝) are the martial arts that originated from Korea. Some well known Korean martial … Wikipedia
Portal:Martial arts — Wikipedia portals: Culture Geography Health History Mathematics Natural sciences People Philosophy Religion Society Technology … Wikipedia
Indian martial arts — Part of a series on Indian martial arts styles Wrestling: Malla yuddha · Pehlwani · Musti yuddha · … Wikipedia
Okinawan martial arts — Karate training with Shinpan Gusukuma sensei at Shuri Castle c.1938, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. Okinawan martial arts refers to the martial arts which originated among the indigenous people of Okinawa Island in Japan, most notably karate, tegumi … Wikipedia
Indochinese martial arts — The traditional martial arts of the Indochinese peninsula are related among one another, and as a group to Chinese martial arts. The most salient common feature is Indochinese kickboxing. Khmer Pradal Serey – Possible predecessor of Muay Thai… … Wikipedia