The Citadel (military college)


The Citadel (military college)

The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina, is a state-supported, comprehensive college located in Charleston, South Carolina, USA. The Citadel is one of the six senior military colleges. The Citadel has 14 academic departments divided into five schools offering 20 majors and 25 minors. The Citadel is best known for its undergraduate Corps of Cadets military program for men and women, which combines academics, physical challenges and military discipline. [ [http://www.citadel.edu/r3/about/facts/index.shtml Quick Facts from the Citadel web site] ] In addition to the cadet program, civilian programs are offered through the Citadel Graduate College with its evening undergraduate and graduate programs. In a partnership with the local community college, Trident Technical College, Citadel bachelor's degrees are offered to evening civilian students in Business, Civil Engineering, and Electrical Engineering. Students must complete two years at the community college level and two years at the Citadel. This program is known as the 2 + 2 program. [ [http://www.citadel.edu/cgps/ueprog/index.shtml The Citadel / CGC / Welcome ] ] The Citadel enrolls almost 2,000 undergraduate cadets in its residential military program and 1,200 civilian students in the evening programs. While all programs make use of the Citadel campus and professors, cadets and civilian students do not share classes and only cadets live on campus. [ [http://citadel.edu/r3/about/facts/index.shtml The Citadel / About The Citadel / Quick Facts ] ] [ [http://www.citadel.edu/cgps/index.shtml CPGS Overview from the Citadel web site] ] [ [http://www.usnews.com/usnews/edu/college/directory/brief/drmiss_3423_brief.php USNews.com: America's Best Colleges 2008: The Citadel: Mission ] ] The exception to this is the veterans program, reinstated in the fall of 2007, which allows cadets who left The Citadel for active military duty to return as civilians, attend classes with cadets, and complete their degrees if certain criteria are met. [ [http://pao.citadel.edu/cadet_veterans Citadel reinstates veterans program | The Citadel Public Affairs Office ] ] Cadets also share classes with active-duty enlisted Marine Corps and Navy personnel, who are not required to live on campus or wear cadet uniforms. [ [http://citadel.edu/nrotc/Marines/MECEP/MECEP.htm MECEP ] ] [ [http://citadel.edu/nrotc/Navy/STA-21.htm STA 21 ] ]

History

On December 20, 1842, the South Carolina Legislature passed an act establishing the South Carolina Military Academy with the original mission to educate young men whose duty was to protect the city of Charleston from the threat of a slave rebellion. [ [http://www.citadel.edu/pao/newsreleases/archives/sy00-01/grad01/about_citadel.htm Press Release by The Citadel's Office of Public Affairs, May 2001] ] Concern about slave revolts was not unusual in the antebellum South, but Charleston had been gripped with panic in the aftermath of the foiled plot of the 1822 uprising planned by Denmark Vesey. [" [http://www.citadel.edu/library/Knob/knob_v.htm#vese Denmark Vesey] ", Knob Knowledge, Daniel Library, The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina.] The first 20 cadets reported to The Academy, then located at Marion Square in downtown Charleston, on March 20, 1843. The name of the college was officially changed in 1910 to "The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina". The word "Academy" had become synonymous with secondary schools, and the public had the misconception that the South Carolina Military Academy was a preparatory school.When South Carolina seceded from the Union in December 1860, Major Robert Anderson moved his garrison of U.S. troops to Fort Sumter and requested reinforcements from the federal government. On January 9, 1861, SC Academy cadets George Edward Haynsworth and Samuel Bonneau Pickens were present when their unit fired two large cannon from their Morris Island station at the U.S. steamer, the Star of the West, preventing it from reaching Fort Sumter with troops and supplies. This action is considered by Citadel supporters to be the "first shot fired" in the American Civil War. Most Civil War historians, however, consider the "first shot" to be a mortar fired on Fort Sumter from Fort Johnson on April 12, 1861.

On January 28, 1861, the Corps of Cadets of The SC Academy was made part of the military organization of the state and named the Battalion of State Cadets. The Academy continued to operate as a military academy, but classes were often disrupted when the governor called the cadets into military service. Mounting and manning heavy guns, performing guard duty, providing security and escorting prisoners were among the services performed by the cadets. They were known as the Battalion of State Cadets and participated in the following engagements from 1861 to 1865. As a result of these services, The Citadel is authorized to carry nine Confederate battle streamers:

#Confederate States Army (larger gray)
#Star of the West, January 9, 1861
#Wappoo Cut, November 1861
#James Island, June 1862
#Charleston and Vicinity, July-October 1863
#James Island, June 1864
#Tulifinny, December 1864
#James Island, December 1864-February 1865
#Williamston, May 1865

In early December 1864, Governor Bonham ordered the Battalion of State Cadets to Tulifinny Creek to join a small Confederate force defending the Charleston and Savannah Railroad. On December 7 and December 9, the cadets fought Union forces, successfully defending the rail line and forcing Union forces to withdraw. The cadets suffered eight casualties at Tulifinny Creek. The battalion was commended for its display of discipline and gallantry under fire and won the admiration of the troops who fought with them. The flag of the Corps of Cadets includes eight battle streamers, representing these engagements, and one streamer representing the Confederate States Army.

On February 18, 1865, The school ceased operation as a college when Union troops entered Charleston and occupied the site.

Following the war, the Board of Visitors eventually regained possession of The Citadel campus, and the South Carolina Legislature passed an act to reopen the college. The 1882 session began with an enrollment of 185 cadets.

In the war with Spain in 1898, more Citadel alumni volunteered for service than were needed. In World War I, Citadel graduates were among the first contingents of American troops to fight with the English and French divisions. By that time, The Citadel had outgrown its campus on Marion Square, despite numerous building additions. In 1918, the city of Charleston gave the state of South Carolina 176 acres (0.7 km²) on the banks of the Ashley River for a new campus. The college moved to its current location in 1922.

The title of the head of The Citadel was changed from Superintendent to President in 1921, when The Citadel moved to its present location. Oliver Bond was the last Superintendent and the first President of The Citadel.

Citadel graduates have performed military service for their country in major conflicts. These include World Wars I and II, Korea, Vietnam, Operation Desert Storm, Operation Enduring Freedom (Afghanistan), and Operation Iraqi Freedom.

The entire class of 1944 was inducted into the U.S. armed forces during World War II, and only two members graduated. This may be one of the only instances where an entire class of students was inducted into military service at once. [ [http://www.citadel.edu/library/Knob/knob_c.htm#clas Classes that did not graduate] ]

Rankings

In 2008, The Citadel was listed among the "Best Values in the South" by U.S. News and World ReportU.S. News & World Report annual publication, earning rankings of No. 2 best master's degree granting public institution in the South, No. 5 among all (public and private) master's degree granting colleges and universities in the South, and No. 7 best value among all institutions in the South. link [ [http://www.usnews.com/usnews/edu/college/rankings/brief/univmas/umsouth/tier1/t1univmas_s_brief.php America's Best Colleges 2009, U.S. News & World Report web site] ] -->

Engineering students are among the most highly-recruited students from The Citadel, and its School of Engineering is ranked 34nd among all undergraduate engineering programs in the United States. The civil engineering program is ranked No. 8 in undergraduate engineering specialty programs. [ [http://externalaffairs.citadel.edu/USNews09]

Newsweek magazine also included The Citadel in its 2006 list of “America's 25 Hot Schools” as the “Hottest Military School”. [ [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/8987172/site/newsweek/ America's 25 Hot Schools, Newsweek, 2006] ]

Kiplinger's magazine, in its ranking of the "Best Values in Public Colleges" for 2006, made mention of The Citadel as a "great value" although the military nature of its program excluded it from consideration as a "traditional" four-year college in its rankings. [Lankford, Kimberly (2006). [http://www.kiplinger.com/personalfinance/magazine/archives/2006/02/colleges3.html Best Values in Public Colleges] . "Kiplinger's".]

The Citadel ranks first nationally among its peers for the percentage of students who graduate on time, and Citadel cadets are twice as likely as their peers in other colleges to graduate in four years, ranking first nationally among its peers in the percentage of students who graduate on time. The Citadel's top ranking comes from a comparison of all public colleges whose entering students have average SAT scores between 1000 and 1200. The Citadel's four-year graduation rate is 59.7%, and its six-year rate is 71.9%. [ [http://www.citadel.edu/pao/newsreleases/sy04-05/grad_rate.html Citadel Press Release] ]

tudent life

Undergraduate cadets at The Citadel are members of the South Carolina Corps of Cadets. Cadets must meet physical fitness and SAT/ACT testing standards for acceptance into the Corps of Cadets. [ [http://www.citadel.edu/admissions/c/pt/index.shtml] ] On occasion (e.g. football players), waivers to height/weight standards can be granted upon successful completion of the physical training test. On most days, cadets have both morning and afternoon physical (fitness) training, called "PT", military instruction on leadership, weapons, drill, and discipline, in addition to their regular college classes.

Most weekdays start with a formal muster and inspection of all personnel and their rooms. Cadets then march to structured military meals. After a day spent in classes, sports and other activities, the day usually ends with an evening muster formation and mandatory evening study period. Cadets are usually allowed to go out on weekends but must sleep overnight in the barracks unless they have a special pass.

Because The Citadel emphasizes corps unity and discipline, cadets cannot be married and must live on campus in the barracks with their assigned company. The Citadel emphasizes an extremely strict disciplinary and physical fitness indoctrination for first-year cadets who are called knobs after the very short haircuts they receive on the first day of college.

Cadets who accumulate too many demerits or breach regulations can be punished by serving confinements or tours. A tour is one hour spent marching in the barracks with a rifle at shoulder arms and is normally performed when a cadet would otherwise be permitted to leave campus. A confinement is one hour spent in a cadet's room when they would normally be permitted to leave campus.

First class cadets, those in their senior year, receive their class rings at a special ring presentation ceremony, which was previously held in the college's chapel, but which now takes place in the school's gym. The Citadel ring is standardized with no gem stone and is the largest all-gold college ring in the United States.Fact|date=July 2008

Included in The Citadel Graduate College student body are numerous active duty [ [http://www.mentorsassociation.citadel.edu/nrotc/Programs/index.htm] ] Marine and Navy enlisted personnel attending The Citadel under the Seaman To Admiral program (STA-21) [ [http://www.mentorsassociation.citadel.edu/nrotc/Programs/sta21.htm] ] and the Marine Enlisted Commissioning Education Program (MECEP. [ [http://www.mentorsassociation.citadel.edu/nrotc/Programs/mecep.htm] ]

The Citadel Regimental Pipe Band is one of two all-student college pipe bands in the country, and it regularly performs at the weekly parade at The Citadel as well as at other events. The pipe band was started by General Mark Clark in 1955.

Athletics

The Citadel is a NCAA Division I school and a member of the Southern Conference. The college's mascot is the Bulldog. Those cadets who participate in NCAA fall athletics (football, cross country, women's soccer and volleyball) are required to report a month earlier prior to their freshman year for "athletic cadre," so that they can participate in their sport practices when normal cadre starts. During the athletic cadre, the military athletes are initiated into the Corps while completing first-week experiences, such as "Hell Week". Civilian students also participate in the athletic program.

The Citadel Bulldogs baseball team has won seven regular season Southern Conference championships. The 1990 Citadel baseball team won the Atlantic Regional, earning the school its first trip to the College World Series and finishing the season ranked sixth in the final Collegiate Baseball poll with a record of 46-14.

Minority and female students

Charles Foster became the first African-American cadet to graduate from the Citadel in 1970 and he was well known for his success in ROTC.

Norman Seabrooks became the first African American cadet to captain a Football team. He now works at Atena

The Corps of Cadets at The Citadel was all-male until August 1996, although women had attended civilian graduate and undergraduate evening programs at the school for many years.

On January 20, 1994, Shannon Faulkner became the first female student to enroll in day classes at The Citadel. After additional legal battles, Faulkner won the right to enroll in the residential Corps of Cadets program. She joined an otherwise all-male class on August 15, 1995. However, after only four hours of military indoctrination training, she spent the majority of the first week in the medical infirmary and then voluntarily resigned citing emotional and psychological abuse and physical exhaustion. After her departure, male cadets openly celebrated on the campus. [ [http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/vaw00/Case%20Study%201%20Optional.html Harvard Law] ]

In the fall of 1996, four more women enrolled at the Citadel. While two dropped out after four months citing harassment, Nancy Mace, whose father was the Commandant of Cadets at the time, became the first female cadet to graduate from The Citadel on May 8, 1999. Utilizing credits earned from a two-year community college, Mace graduated in three years. The first international female cadet was Petra Lovetinska who graduated May 2000. The first African-American women graduated on May 11, 2002. The Citadel, like the United States military, has adopted gender norming for physical fitness tests.

Campus

The Citadel sits on a 300 acre (1.2 km²) tract of land on the Ashley River. There are 27 buildings grouped around a ten acre grass parade ground. The buildings around the parade ground include ten classroom buildings, an administrative building, five barracks, a student activities building, infirmary, chapel, stadium, a yacht club, a marksmanship center, a field house, and library. Just off the main campus are the football stadium, baseball stadium, and alumni center. Additionally, there is a large beach house facility located on the north end of the Isle of Palms.

The Citadel Graduate College

The Citadel’s evening graduate program serves the Lowcountry by offering regionally and professionally accredited bachelors, masters and specialist degrees scheduled around the student’s profession, family and lifestyle. CGC offers 19 graduate programs with concentrations in education, psychology, computer science and business. [In 2007 The Citadel changed its graduate program's name from the College of Graduate and Professional Studies to The Citadel Graduate College.] The Masters of Business Administration program is the only nationally accredited MBA program in the Low Country region of South Carolina. CGC also offers undergraduate evening programs in business and engineering. The Citadel is also the only college in South Carolina that offers an undergraduate civil and electrical engineering degree in an evening program.

Core values

In its [http://www.citadel.edu/r3/about/values/vision.shtml Vision Statement] , the Citadel Board of Visitors identifies the following as the school's "core values:"

Academics: We produce graduates who have insight into the issues, ideas and values that are important to society and possess the skills necessary to deal with them successfully.

Duty: We emphasize the importance of individual accountability and the moral obligation of responsibility for the welfare of others.

Honor: We adhere to a code which teaches that uncompromising personal integrity is the primary guide in all situations. "A cadet does not lie, cheat, or steal, nor tolerate those that do."

Morality: We believe that an individual's character is of utmost importance and, therefore, we provide training which emphasizes ethical principles and core values.

Discipline: We operate a leadership laboratory which emphasizes a structured environment, acceptance of responsibility, self-confidence and service to others.

Diversity: We promote diversity in all segments of our campus community and college life.

No lock tradition

Since its founding, male cadets at the Citadel have not had locks on their barracks doors. The tradition had evolved in keeping with the spareness of military life and with the school's honor code, which mandates that cadets do not steal. Since 1997, female cadets have been able to lock their doors from the inside. However, all cadets will get keys to lock their doors from the outside by the fall of 2007. While the policy change had been made prior to the Virginia Tech shootings, that incident offered additional support for the decision.Fact|date=June 2007(Ret.) Air Force Lt. Gen. John W. Rosa [http://www.cnn.com/2007/EDUCATION/04/23/citadel.security.ap/index.html]

Enrollment

Eligibility is not restricted to South Carolina residents (although it is more difficult to gain an appointment for non-residents). The Citadel has graduated students from across the U.S. and from many other countries. South Carolina residents do receive a discount in tuition, as is common at most state-sponsored schools. Total first year expenses (tuition, fees, uniforms, housing, meals, etc.) for the 2006-2007 school year will be $18,458 for South Carolina residents and $28,777 for all others. [ [http://www.citadel.edu/pao/newsreleases/sy05-06/tuition_06-07.html Citadel press release] (10 June 2006).]

Military service

All cadets are required to undergo four years of ROTC training in one of the four branches of the armed services, but they are not required to enter military service after graduation. Civilian students may opt to attend. Currently, just over forty percent of graduates go into military service, and less than ten percent make the military a career. The others go on to graduate, law, or medical school programs or enter the civilian workforce. Over the years, 249 Citadel alumni have reached the top ranks in the military by becoming flag officers (generals, rear admirals or commodores) [http://citadel.edu/library/Knob/knob_g.htm] . Alumni of the Citadel have served their country in all wars involving the United States. Citadel alumni have been killed in action during the Civil War (67), World War I (15), World War II (280), Korean War (32), Vietnam War (68), Lebanon (1), Grenada (1), the Gulf War (1), and the current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan (12). [http://www.citadel.edu/alumni/index.shtml] [http://print.google.com/print?id=y55A_1K3itUC&lpg=9&prev=http://print.google.com/print%3Fq%3Dthe%2520citadel%26oi%3Dprint&pg=0_1&printsec=0&sig=Ivix8fTFiQBS_7tdxHVAop5fJCA]

ummer camp

The Citadel Summer Camp, a summer camp for boys and girls ages 10 to 15, was held at The Citadel every summer from 1957 until 2006. Founded by General Mark Wayne Clark, its purpose was to develop and strengthen the physical, mental, ethical, spiritual, patriotic and social characteristics of campers. [ [http://www.citadel.edu/summercamp/ The Citadel Summer Camp] ] The Citadel Summer Camp ceased operation in 2006 because of financial issues and space limitations.

Cadet Officer Leadership School

Selected members of Air Force JROTC units from the Southeastern United States cadets are eligible to spend a week at the Citadel for officer training for their home JROTC units. A routine day attending Cadet Officer Leadership School (COLS) begins with waking up to Reveille for morning PT. This includes aerobic stretches, push ups, sit ups, and then a mile run. The remainder of the day is uniform wear and inspection, two classes and constant regulation drill. On the day of graduation from the school, cadets participate in a "pass and review" ceremony where awards and decorations are given to certain cadets who have gone above the normal standards. A PT ribbon and a Leadership School ribbon are given to all cadets who graduate from COLS back at their home unit. A Leadership ribbon is given to all Cadre, or cadet leaders, who graduate from the program, also back at their home unit at the beginning of the school year. Units that have a 100% PT(physical training) pass rate also receive a Colonel Sercer award, which includes a plaque and a certificate for the unit to display wherever they see fit.

Notable graduates

Military

*Charles C. Tew, 1846. Killed-in-action on the eve of his promotion to Brigadier General, CSA in Sharpsburg, Md. First graduate of the College. Founder of the Hillsborough Military Academy in Hillsborough, North Carolina. Colonel of the 2nd North Carolina, CSA. Killed at the Battle of Sharpsburg/Antietam on September 17, 1862.
*Johnson Hagood, 1847. Brig Gen, CSA
*John Bordenave Villepigue, 1849. Brig Gen, CSA
*Micah Jenkins, 1854. Brig Gen, CSA
*Evander M. Law, 1856. Maj Gen, CSA
*Pinckney Downie Bowles, 1856. Brig Gen, CSA
*Ellison Capers, 1857. Brig Gen, CSA
*Thomas Huguenin, 1859. Captain, CSA (fought in defense of Fort Wagner), postbellum Brig Gen of SC Militia. [ [http://www.citadel.edu/library/Knob/knob_h.htm Daniel Library reference site] ]
* Brig. Gen. John T. Kennedy, 1907. USA (left the Citadel and graduated from West Point). He was awarded the Medal of Honor in 1909, in the Philippines Campaign.
* Lt. Gen. James T. Moore, 1916. Marine Corps Aviation General during World War II, famous as Pappy Boyington's Boss in the South Pacific Air War.
* Maj. Gen. Lewis G. Merritt, 1917. Pioneer in Marine Corps aviation; honored with the renaming of the Marine Corps Air Station in Beaufort, SC, in his memory
* General William O. Brice, 1921. USMC Former Commanding General, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific, and Director of Marine Aviation, Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps for Air and Assistant Chief of Naval Operations for Marine Aviation. He had been advanced to the rank of general upon retirement by reason of having been specially commended in combat
* General Edwin A. Pollock, 1921. USMC - Former Commander of the Pacific and Atlantic Fleet Marine Forces. He had been advanced to the rank of general upon retirement by reason of having been specially commended in combat
* Major Thomas D. Howie, 1929. USA - World War II hero; “The Major of St. Lo”; leader of the battalion that captured St. Lo (where he was killed)
* Lt. Gen. Welborn G. Dolvin, USA (1937, deceased) - A Corps Commander in Vietnam, he earned a DSC, four Silver Stars, and three Purple hearts, among numerous other combat decorations.
* Lt. Gen. LTG George M. Siegnious, USA1942. USA, Ret. - Former Deputy Asst. Secretary of Defense; Director, Joint Staff, Organization of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; Delegate-at-large to the SALT talks; Former President of The Citadel 1974-1979; Former President, Atlantic Council of the United States; Former Commandant of the Berlin American Zone
* Lt. Gen. Herbert Beckington (1943), USMC, Was Military Aide to the VP of U.S., Hubert Humphrey in 1962. Retired in 1975 as Deputy Chief of Staff for Plans and OPs.
* Lt. Gen. Claudius E. Watts III, 1958. USAF, Ret. - Fullbright Scholar; Former Comptroller of the USAF; retired President of The Citadel; Managing Director and Head of the Technology Buyout Group at The Carlyle Group
* Lt. Gen. Jack B. Farris, 1958. USA, Commanded U.S. forces in Grenada, 1984. Deputy Commander-in-Chief/Chief of Staff, U.S. Pacific Command.
* Lt. Gen. Ellie B. Shuler Jr., 1959. USAF, Commander, 8th Air Force. General Shuler served as both a B-52 bomber pilot and an F-4C fighter pilot flying a combat tour at Cam Ranh Bay in Vietnam with the 12th Tactical Fighter Wing.
* Maj. Samuel R. Bird, 1961. USA - Officer in Charge of President Kennedy's Funeral Honor Guard and the subject of a May 1989 Reader's Digest feature on leadership and strength of character.
* General William W. Hartzog, 1963. USA, former Commanding General, Army Training & Doctrine Command.
* Lt. Gen. Frank B. Campbell, 1966. USAF, Commander, 12th Air Force and Commander, U.S. Southern Command, 1996-97. Director for force structure, Pentagon. Reported to CJCS, 1997-2001. Also Commandant of United States Air Force Fighter Weapons School, 1988, Commander of Red Flag, 1989, Commander of 49th TFW, 1991. Flew F-100's and F-4's in Vietnam.
* Lt. Gen. Frank. B. Libutti, 1966. USMC, Commander, Marine Forces Korea, 1996. Commander, Marine Forces/Pacific, Commander Fleet Marines/Pacific, Commander all Marine bases/Pacific, 1999-2001. 1st NYPD Deputy Commissioner for counter-terrorism, 2001. Special Assistant, Homeland Security, 2002.
* Brig Gen Michael (Mike) Bozeman, 1967. USAR; Track Coach (1985-present), Interim Director of Athletics (1998), and Commandant (temporary) (1995-1996) at the Virginia Military Institute. [ [http://www.vmikeydets.com/article.asp?articleid=73031 Biography of Mike Bozeman] from VMI web site]
* Lt. Gen. John B. Sams, 1967. USAF, Commander of 15th Air Force. Pilot with over 5000 hours and tour in Vietnam.
* Lt. Gen. William M. Steele, 1967. USA, Commanding General, U.S. Army Pacific. Also commanded the elite 82nd Airborne 1993-95, and was Commandant of the Army Command and Staff coll.
* Lt. Gen. Gary L. Parks, 1969. USMC,Former Deputy Commander of the United States Marine Corps for Training. Served in Vietnam
* Lt. Gen. John P. Costello, 1970. USA, Commander, United States Army Space Command.
* Lt. Gen. Colby Broadwater, 1972. USA, Chief of Staff, European Command, 2004-2006. Commanding General, US 1st Army, 2001
* Lt. Gen. John W. Rosa, Jr., 1973. USAF, Current President of the Citadel and former Superintendent of the United States Air Force Academy
* Lt. Gen. John F. Kimmons, 1974. USA, Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence; Commander US Army Intelligence & Security Command; J2 U.S. Central Command during Operation Enduring Freedom (Afghanistan) and Operation Iraqi Freedom
* Maj. Gen. Glenn K. Rieth, 1980. Adjutant General of the New Jersey National Guard.
* Maj. Gen. William H. Brandenburg (1973), USA - Deputy Commanding General, U.S. Army, Pacific

Business

* Charles E. Daniel, 1918 and R. Hugh Daniel, 1929. Co-founders of Daniel International Construction Corporation. (at one time the largest construction company in the world); major Citadel benefactors for whom Daniel Library is named.
* Dr. Harvey W. Schiller (1960) - Pres./CEO, Assante, US, New York, NY; President, Turner Sports Inc., Turner Broadcasting, Atlanta, GA; Executive Director, United States Olympic Committee

ports

* Paul L. Maguire (1960) - ESPN sports analyst; former professional football player (one of only 12 players to play from the inception of the American Football League until its merger with the NFL); member of The Citadel Athletic Hall of Fame
* Chip Cannon - professional baseball player. 1st Base, Toronto Blue Jays.
* John K. Small, Sr. (1970) - Former professional football player; linebacker for the Atlanta Falcons & the Detroit Lions; member of The Citadel Athletic Hall of Fame
* William Timothy Jones - Former Major League Baseball infielder for the St. Louis Cardinals.
* Lyvonia A. "Stump" Mitchell (1981) - Assistant head football coach, Washington Redskins; former running back for the St. Louis & Phoenix Cardinals; former head football coach, Morgan State University; had his Citadel jersey #35 retired; member of The Citadel Athletic Hall of Fame
* Jeffrey C. Barkley (1982) - Former baseball pitcher for the Cleveland Indians; 2002 inductee of The Citadel Athletic Hall of Fame
* Gregory B. Davis (1987) - Former professional football player/place kicker for the Oakland Raiders; also played for the Atlanta Falcons; member of The Citadel Athletic Hall of Fame
* Gettys M. Glaze (1992) - Former baseball pitcher, Boston Red Sox organization; former Southern Conference Male Athlete of the Year; member of The Citadel Athletic Hall of Fame
* Lester J. Smith, Jr. (1992) - Safety for Montreal Alouettes, Canadian Football League; had his Citadel jersey #15 retired; member of The Citadel Athletic Hall of Fame
* Dallas McPherson - Professional baseball player. 3rd Base, Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim.
* Nehemiah Broughton (2005) - Professional football player. FB, Washington Redskins.
* Travis Jervey (1995) - played for the Green Bay Packers, San Francisco 49ers, and Atlanta Falcons.

Government

* Johnson Hagood, 1847. Governor of South Carolina and CSA Brig Gen.
* Joseph H. Earle, 1866. United States Senator from South Carolina.
* Hugh S. Thompson, 1856. Governor of South Carolina.
* Marvin Griffin, 1929. Governor of Georgia.
* Ernest Hollings, 1942. Governor and United States Senator from South Carolina.
* John C. West, 1942. Governor of South Carolina and Ambassador to Saudi Arabia.
* George W. Dargan, 1865. U.S. Congressman from the Sixth Congressional District of South Carolina (attended Citadel 1863-65)
* George W. Croft, 1865. U.S. Congressman from the Second Congressional District of South Carolina (attended Citadel 1863-65)
* George Johnstone, 1865. U.S. Congressman from the Third Congressional District of South Carolina (attended Citadel 1863-65)
* Edward C. Mann, 1901. U.S. Congressman from the Eighth Congressional District of South Carolina
* Gabriel H. Mahon, 1911. U.S. Congressman from the fourth congressional district of South Carolina (attended Citadel but did not graduate)
* Maurice G. Burnside, 1924. U.S. Congressman from West Virginia (attended Citadel 1920-22)
* John Paul Hammerschmidt, 1943. U.S. Congressman from Arkansas (attended Citadel 1938-39)
* Harlan Erwin Mitchell, 1943. U.S. Congressman from seventh district of Georgia
* James Robert Mann, 1941. U.S. Congressman from the fourth Congressional District of South Carolina
* Tim Valentine, 1948. U.S. Congressman from the Second Congressional District of North Carolina
* Steve Buyer, 1980. U.S. Congressman from the Fourth Congressional District of Indiana
* J. Gresham Barrett, 1983. U.S. Congressman from the third Congressional District of South Carolina
* William B. Harvey, Jr., 1951. Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina.
* Robert Poydasheff, 1954. Mayor of Columbus, Georgia.
* Joseph P. Riley, Jr. 1964. Mayor of Charleston, South Carolina
*Langhorne A. "Tony" Motley, 1960. Ambassador and Chief of Mission to Brazil from 1981 to 1983 and Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs from 1983 to 1985.
* G. Richard Chamberlin, 1968. Georgia House of Representatives (1978-1983).

Other

* Charles P. Darby, Jr., 1955. Chairman, Pediatrics, Children’s Hospital, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC.
* Arland D. Williams, Jr., 1957. Died heroically following the Air Florida aircraft crash into the 14th Street Bridge and Potomac River in Washington, DC, in January 1982. Before he sank to his death in the icy water, he saved the lives of five others by passing to them the lifeline lowered for him by a rescue helicopter.
* Charles B. Hammond, 1958. President of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; former chair of Ob-Gyn at Duke University Medical School.
* D. Patrick Conroy, 1967. Author whose works include "The Great Santini", "The Water Is Wide", "The Lords of Discipline", "The Prince of Tides" and "Beach Music".
* James O. Rigney, Jr., 1974. Author (writing with pen names of Robert Jordan, Reagan O’Reilly, et al.) whose works include "The Wheel of Time" series, "The Fallon Blood" and several "Conan the Barbarian" novels.
* Christopher U. Cates, 1978. Nationally renowned Cardiologist, Atlanta, GA.
* Lu Parker, 1994. Miss USA, 1994. Was not a member of the Corps of Cadets, instead earned her masters degree through the College of Graduate and Professional Studies.

Fictional depictions

*Pat Conroy's 1980 novel "The Lords of Discipline" was based on Conroy's experience as a cadet at The Citadel during the 1960s. This book highlights the type of hazing experienced by knobs at The Citadel. It also includes a fictitious account of the first African American cadet at The Citadel and the class struggle that ensued to both keep and reject the cadet. The novel outraged many of his fellow graduates of The Citadel, who felt that his thinly-veiled portrayal of campus life was highly unflattering. The rift was not healed until 2000, when Conroy was awarded an honorary degree and asked to deliver the commencement address the following year. "The Lords of Discipline" was made into a movie of the same name starring David Keith and Robert Prosky in 1983.
*"Sword Drill", a novel by David Epps (Citadel Class of 1980), presents a fictional version of the Citadel’s now defunct Junior Sword Drill program. [http://www.sworddrill.com/]
*A thinly-veiled depiction of the Citadel provides the background for Calder Willingham's novel "End as a Man", and the film adaptation, "the Strange One"
*The Citadel was also used as the location for shooting the episode "", guest starring Patrick McGoohan.
*Major Ben Marco, Denzel Washington's character in the movie "The Manchurian Candidate", was a graduate of the Citadel.
*In the film "For the Boys", Bette Midler's son graduates as Regimental Commander of the Corps of Cadets. His commencement speech is filmed in front of 2nd Battalion Barracks.

Gallery of The Citadel

References


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