Procuration


Procuration

Procuration (Lat. "procurare", to take care of) is the action of taking care of, hence management, stewardship, agency. The word is applied to the authority or power delegated to a procurator, or agent, as well as to the exercise of such authority expressed frequently by procuration (per procurationem), or shortly per pro., or simply p.p.

A common usage of "per procurationem" occurs in business letters, which are often signed on behalf of another person. For example, given a secretary authorized to sign a letter on behalf of the president of a company, the signature takes the form:

::p.p. "Secretary's Signature"::President's Name

or

::President's Name ::p.p. "Secretary's Signature"

Commonly in practice, an alternative form is used:

::"Secretary's Signature"::p.p. President's Name

The correct usage is the subject of some debate. It has been understood as both "through the agency of" and "on behalf of". [http://law.ato.gov.au/atolaw/view.htm?docid=PSR/PS200210/NAT/ATO/00001] [http://www.wordwizard.com/phpbb3/viewtopic.php?f=28&t=7221]

The reason for this is that the meaning of the phrase "per procurationem" is ambiguous if used with undeclinable English names.

Procuratio is related to the words "pro" (for/on behalf of/instead of) and "cura" (care/attention). It is thus close in meaning to "agency" - acting instead of someone. The phrase 'per procurationem' thus means "by/through agency".

Note that the phrase does not contain a preposition "of". This is because this idea would be expressed through the genitive case in Latin. With time, Latin or Latinized names fell out of usage, and the genitive case of the agent's name (in English of Mr X") was thus lost. The original would look like this:

Praesidensper procurationem Secretarii.

or,

Johannes Bloggus Seniorper procurationem Johanni Bloggi Junioris (by agency of Joe Bloggs Jr.)

This seems to be the most simple and logical reading.

The other option is that "per procurationem" could be understood as a complete adverbial phrase in itself - "by the agency ", without a dependent genitive. However, this would mean that two people signed the letter, one in his own person, one "by the agency of another" (without that other being expressly indicated).

In ecclesiastical law, procuration is the provision of necessaries for bishops and archdeacons during their visitations of parochial churches in their dioceses. Procuration originally took the form of meat, drink, provender, and other accommodation, but was gradually changed to a sum of money. Procuration is an ecclesiastical due, and is therefore suable only in a spiritual court. In those dioceses where the bishops estates have vested in the ecclesiastical commissioners procurations are payable to the commissioners who, however, have abandoned their collection (Phillimore, "Ecc. Law", 2nd ed., 1895, pp. 1051, 1060).

Procuration is also used specifically for the negotiation of a loan by an agent for his client, whether by mortgage or otherwise, and the sum of money or commission paid for negotiating it is frequently termed the 'procuration fee'.

Finally, English criminal law makes the provision or attempted provision of any person under twenty-one years of age for the purpose of illicit intercourse (prostitution) an offence, known as procuration - compare procuring.

References

*1911


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  • procuration — [ prɔkyrasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1219; lat. procuratio 1 ♦ Dr. Mandat. ⇒ 2. pouvoir. Procuration générale, spéciale. Donner procuration, sa procuration. Chargé, fondé de procuration. ⇒ mandant. Agir en vertu d une procuration, par procuration. Voter par… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • procuration — Procuration. s. f. v. Pouvoir donné à quelqu un pour agir comme Procureur. Il agit en vertu de procuration. procuration generale & speciale, il a une ample procuration. sa procuration est limitée, est expirée. revoquer une procuration. il est… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • procuration — Procuration, charge, et administration qu on a des affaires d autruy, Procuratio. S aider d une procuration, et faire acte de Procureur, Exequi procurationem. Procuration pour acquiescer, Mandatum cedendi. Sans procuration expresse aux cas, Sine… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Procuration — Proc u*ra tion, n. [L. procuratio: cf. F. procuration. See {Procure}.] [1913 Webster] 1. The act of procuring; procurement. [1913 Webster] 2. The management of another s affairs. [1913 Webster] 3. The instrument by which a person is empowered to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • procuration — proc·u·ra·tion /ˌprä kyə rā shən/ n 1 in the civil law of Louisiana: power of attorney 2: procurement (1) Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law …   Law dictionary

  • Procuration — (v. lat. Procuratio), 1) Besorgung, Fürsorge im Allgemeinen, insbesondere aber P. prodigiorum, bei den Römern die durch die Priester vermittelte Sühnung bei Vorzeichen, welche ein Unglück voraus verkündigten, s. Prodigium; 2) Verwaltung; 3) die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Procuration — Procuration, Besorgung, Verwaltung, Stellvertretung; Procuratur, Geschäftverwaltung; Procurator, frz. procureur (–öhr), Anwalt, Sachwalter; bisweilen nur für geringere Processe im Unterschiede von Advokat, Fürsprecher; Generalprocurator, der… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • procuration — [präk΄yo͞o rā′shən, präk΄yərā′shən] n. [ME procuracion < OFr < L procuratio] 1. Obs. management of another s affairs 2. a) POWER OF ATTORNEY b) the act of granting power of attorney 3. the act of procuring …   English World dictionary

  • PROCURATION — s. f. Pouvoir donné par quelqu un à un autre, d agir en son nom, comme il pourrait faire lui même. Il agit en vertu de procuration, par procuration. Procuration générale et spéciale. Il a une ample procuration. Sa procuration est limitée, est… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • PROCURATION — n. f. Pouvoir que quelqu’un donne à un autre d’agir en son nom, comme il pourrait faire lui même. Il agit en vertu d’une procuration, par procuration. Procuration générale et spéciale. Il a une ample procuration. Sa procuration est limitée, est… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)