- Classic rag
- For the term "rag" in classical Indian music, see Raga.
Classic Rag (or classical ragtime) is a term used to describe the style of ragtime composition pioneered by Scott Joplin and the Missouri school of ragtime composers. The term "classic" was first applied to these compositions by Joplin's publisher, John Stark, as a way to distinguish them from what he considered the "common" rags of other publishers, but today the term is often used to describe a particular structural form used in ragtime composition.
In the earliest days of ragtime, there was little consensus on how to print the syncopated melodies of ragtime, so there was considerable variety in the formatting of sheet music. Pieces appeared in common meter, in 4/4 time, and in 2/4 time, and often followed conventions of earlier musical forms such as the march. As the 20th century dawned most composers, arrangers, and publishers began to settle on a common set of notational and structural conventions, and since Scott Joplin was the best-selling ragtime composer in that era, it was his conventions that eventually predominated. The "classic rag" form can thus be considered the typical form of a ragtime piano composition, though it is by no means the only form.
Anatomy of the Classic Rag
In idealized form, the classic rag has the following structure:
- It is set in 2/4 time.
- It starts with a four-bar introduction.
- It continues with a pair of 16-bar themes, in the following sequence:
- An initial theme (or A strain).
- A repeat of the A strain.
- A second theme (or B strain).
- A repeat of the B strain.
- A restatement of the A strain.
- It concludes with a pair of 16-bar themes in the subdominant key (the key with one additional flat, or one less sharp), commonly called the trio, in the following sequence:
- A third theme (or C strain).
- A repeat of the C strain.
- A fourth theme (or D strain).
- A repeat of the D strain.
This can be written more succinctly as: INTRO AA BB A CC DD.
Few classic rags follow this idealized form, which is only a generalization; there are a number of standard variations:
- The introduction may be longer or shorter than four bars, or may be omitted altogether.
- The C and D strains may continue in the original key rather than use the subdominant key.
- The D strain may return to the original key rather than stay in the subdominant key.
- The D strain may be omitted altogether, or replaced with a restatement of the A or B strain.
- Some repetitions of strains may be omitted, usually one of the repeats of the A strain.
- Brief transitional phrases may be inserted between strains.
In the later years of ragtime, under the influence of Tin Pan Alley, a shorter three-strain form (omitting the D strain) became common.
Anatomy of a Rag Strain
Rag strains themselves have considerable structure. The treble clef (played by the right hand) typically contains the syncopated melodic theme, while the bass clef (the left-hand part) grounds this theme rhythmically with a regular, alternating pattern of eighth-notes (a walking bass).
The sixteen-bar strain is often structurally divided into 4 four-bar phrases, the third phrase repeating the first. There is considerable variation, though. Some composers (such as James Scott) made frequent use of two-bar phrases and others (such as Joseph Lamb) tended to employ eight-bar phrases.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Classic Rag — Le classic rag ou rag tout simplement, est le style de ragtime le plus courant. Il se joue en quatre temps avec une accentuation sur les temps faibles, 1er et 3e, de la mesure (contrairement au jazz). Il se caractérise aussi (tout comme tous les… … Wikipédia en Français
Classic Country Music: A Smithsonian Collection — Compilation album by various artists Released 1990 (1990) Recorded (all selections previously released) … Wikipedia
Classic Aerosmith: The Universal Masters Collection — Greatest hits album by Aerosmith Released June 25, 2002 Length 76:20 Label Geffen … Wikipedia
Rag Doll (Aerosmith song) — Infobox Single | Name = Rag Doll Artist = Aerosmith from Album = Permanent Vacation Released = 1988 B side = St. John Format = Cassette, CD, Record Recorded = 1987 Genre = Hard rock Length = 04:24 Writer = Steven Tyler, Joe Perry, Jim Vallance,… … Wikipedia
Classic 100 chamber (ABC) — The following is a summary of the Classic 100 chamber survey conducted by the ABC Classic FM radio station during 2008. Contents 1 Survey summary 2 By Composer 3 See also 4 References … Wikipedia
Magnetic Rag — Sheet music cover for Magnetic Rag. It reads, Magnetic Rag, by Scott Joplin, Composer of Maple Leaf Rag, Euphonic Sounds, Etc., Scott Joplin Music Publishing Co., New York, N. Y … Wikipedia
Frog Legs Rag — is a classic rag composed by James Scott and published by John Stillwell Stark in December 1906. It was James Scott s first commercial success.cite book |accessdate=2008 09 26|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=akWdAVXFmAsC pg=PA146… … Wikipedia
That International Rag — is a popular song composed by Irving Berlin in 1913. Berlin wrote the song the night before its debut, when he needed a new opening number for his act while on tour in England.Days before the song s composition, Berlin held a press conference… … Wikipedia
Maple Leaf Rag — Page de couverture Écouter le Maple Leaf Rag. Le Maple Leaf Rag est un des ragtimes de Scott Joplin les plus connus avec le célèbre The En … Wikipédia en Français
Tiger Rag — Hold That Tiger redirects here. For the Sonic Youth album, see Hold That Tiger (album). This article is about the tune. For the flag named Tiger Rag , see Battle for the Rag. The first release of Tiger Rag on Aeolian Vocalion, B1206, 1917. Tiger… … Wikipedia