- São Bernardo do Campo
official_name = São Bernardo do Campo
nickname = The Automobile Capital
motto = Pavlistarvm Terra Mater(Mother Land of the
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = William Dib (PSB)
area_total_km2 = 407.1
area_land_km2 = 331.28
area_water_km2 = 75.82
area_water_percent = 18.6
area_urban_km2 = 118.74
area_metro_km2 = 212.54
population_as_of = 2007
population_footnotes = cite web|url=http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/populacao/contagem2007/popmunic2007layoutTCU14112007.xls|title=Estimativas - Contagem da População 2007|publisher=
population_total = 781390
population_density_km2 = 1919.40
utc_offset = -3
utc_offset_DST = -2
latd=23 |latm=42 |lats=00 |latNS=S
longd=46 |longm=33 |longs=00 |longEW=W
elevation_m = 762
elevation_ft = 2500
blank_name = HDI (2000)
blank_info = 0.834 – high
website = [http://www.saobernardo.sp.gov.br São Bernardo do Campo]
The city was founded by
João Ramalhoin 1553 and was known as Vila de Santo André da Borda do Campo de Piratininga, soon transferred to another nearby place, safer from hostile tribes. The original settlement was then resettled as São Bernardo, became a parish in 1812 and became a municipality in 1890. In 1938, it became a part of the Santo André district only to be separated again in 1945.
The area where today is located not only São Bernardo do Campo, but also Santo André, São Caetano do Sul and Diadema was once a farm owned by Beneditine monks, who had even African slaves. By the second half of the XIX century, European immigrants started to come to the area, mainly from Italy. The Italians settled cottages, in the rural area of São Bernardo do Campo, the so-called colonies (colônias). Every year there are events celebrating the immigration. Also, by the beginning of the XX century, Japanese came to the city, most of them going to the neighborhood called Cooperativa.
Industry, in particular the metallurgical industry, thrived in the city during the 1960s, when São Bernardo do Campo became known as Brazil's " Automobile Capital" (Portuguese: "a Capital do Automóvel"). Many of these plants have since relocated to other regions but the automobile industry remains a vital part of the history of São Bernardo do Campo. The city is also known for its furniture industry, that was first developed by Italian immigrants, that influenced São Bernardo do Campo to be a Hi-Tech industrial pole.
Famous by furniture industries.
The industries also brought migrants from the Brazilian northeastern, especially from poor regions, by the 1960s. One of them was
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. The now president then worked in automobile factories in São Bernardo do Campo during the 1970s.
Locates-itself in the high one of the Mountain Range of the Sea, of the Atlantic plateau, occupies an area of 407,1 square kilometres, and the altitude varies between 60 meters of the level of the sea, in the juncture of Rio Passareúva with the river of the Grinders Foot of the Mountain Range, to 986,5 meters, in the peak of the Bonilha, in the neighborhood Montanhão.
Köppen climate classificationSão Bernardo do Campo has a humid subtropical climate. On average of the maximum temperatures is of 24,7 Celsius, on average of the minimums is of 15,08 and on average is of 19,09 Celsius.
As of the census of 2006, the population was 803,906. The population density was 1,937.02/km². The city is a municipality located in the Greater
São Paulo."Source: PNAD." [http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/populacao/condicaodevida/indicadoresminimos/sinteseindicsociais2006/indic_sociais2006.pdf]
The population is composed of people of Italian, Lebanese and Portuguese descent,
Mixed-race, and a small number of Black and Asian. Other important ethnic groups are present in the city, such as Spaniardsand Germans.
São Bernardo, since the fifties, has had its economy based on the automobile industry - headquarters of the first vehicle assemblers of Brazil, such as
Volkswagen, Ford, Scania, Toyota, Mercedes-Benz, Land Rover(Karman Ghia).This brought about a diversified economy which ultimately elevated the importance of the service sector in the city.
Colleges and universities
Faculdade de Tecnologia Termomecânica - FTT
* Faculdade SENAI de Tecnologia Ambiental
* Centro Universitário da FEI
* Faculdade de Tecnologia de São Bernardo do Campo - FATEC
Faculdade PanAmérica - FAPAN
Faculdade de São Bernardo do Campo
Faculdade de Direito de São Bernardo do Campo
* UMESP - Universidade Metodista de São Paulo
Seminário Presbiteriano Conservador
* Universidade Bandeirante de São Paulo - UNIBAN
* Faculdade Interação Americana - FIA
* ESPM - Centro de Estudos de Propaganda e Marketing LTDA.
In 2005, the population of São Bernardo do Campo stood at 788,560 with a population density of 1,937.02/km².
The city is a core part of the
ABC region(A = Santo André, B = São Bernardo do Campo, C = São Caetano do Sul).
Public transportation in São Bernardo do Campo is provided by ETCSBC (Empresa de Transporte Coletivo de São Bernardo do Campo) and EMTU (Empresa Metropolitana de Transportes Urbanos, "Metropolitan Urban Transport Company").
The city is known for important private universities such as the
Universidade Metodista de São Pauloand Centro Universitário FEI.
SBC is also known because of the number of small Newspapers that the city has, for example:
Jornal da Balsa, Jornal Hoje, Tribuna do ABCD, and more.
There is the
Diário do Grande ABCa daily news about all region, the paper is located in Santo André, but it is distribuited in all ABC and some parts of São Paulo. Northwest: Diadema North: São Paulo(except for Diadema) Northeast: São Caetano do Suland Santo André West: São Paulo (except for Diadema) São Bernardo do Campo East: Cubatão South: São Vicente Southeast: Cubatão
* [http://www.saobernardo.sp.gov.br/ Official website]
* [http://www.camarasbc.sp.gov.br/ Official website of the chamber of the councilmen of São Bernardo do Campo]
* [http://www.sbcweb.com.br/ Increased commercial guide and portal of the city of Sao Bernardo do Campo]
* [http://www.juventudecidada.com.br/ Site of Juventude Cidadã, a social inclusion project for teenagers]
* [http://www.powernetpages.com.br/evolucaosbc/ Informations and photos of the history of São Bernardo do Campo from 1553 to 2000]
* [http://www.metodista.br/rrjonline/ Rudge Ramos Jornal - The most important newspaper in São Bernardo do Campo]
* [http://www.jornaldabalsa.com Site of Jornal da Balsa - one of the most known newspaper in São Bernardo do Campo]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Sao Bernardo do Campo — São Bernardo do Campo Pour les articles homonymes, voir São Bernardo. 23° 41′ 38″ S 46° 33′ 54″ … Wikipédia en Français
São bernardo do campo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir São Bernardo. 23° 41′ 38″ S 46° 33′ 54″ … Wikipédia en Français
São Bernardo do Campo — ist ein Ort im brasilianischen Bundesstaat São Paulo, der als bedeutender Standort der Schwerindustrie bekannt ist. São Bernardo do Campo liegt am Südrand der Agglomeration São Paulo und zählt rund 773000 Einwohner (Stand: 2004). Dieser Ort… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sao Bernardo do Campo — São Bernardo do Campo (deut. Hl. Bernhard des Feldes), ist ein Ort im brasilianischen Bundesstaat São Paulo, der als bedeutender Standort der Schwerindustrie bekannt ist. São Bernardo do Campo liegt am Südrand der Agglomeration São Paulo und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
São Bernardo do Campo — País … Wikipedia Español
São Bernardo do Campo — [sãu̯ ber nardu du kampu], Stadt im Bundesstaat São Paulo, Brasilien, 764 m über dem Meeresspiegel, im Südosten der Verstädterungsregion São Paulo, 660 400 Einwohner; juristische Fakultät; Zentrum der brasilianischen Autoindustrie (v. a. VW,… … Universal-Lexikon
São Bernardo do Campo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir São Bernardo. São Bernardo do Campo Vue de São Bernardo do Campo … Wikipédia en Français
Sao Bernardo do Campo — Original name in latin So Bernardo do Campo Name in other language QSB, SBC, SBCampo, San Bernardo du Kampu, Sao Bernardo, Sao Bernardo do Campo, So Bernardo, So Bernardo do Campo, Сан Бернардо ду Кампу State code BR Continent/City America/Sao… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
São Bernardo do Campo — /sowonn berdd nahrdd doo doo kahonn poo/ a city in SE Brazil, SE of São Paulo. 267,038. * * * ▪ Brazil city, southeastern São Paulo estado (state), southern Brazil. It is located on a tributary of the Tietê River at 2,506 feet (764 metres)… … Universalium
Sao Bernardo Do Campo — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name São Bernardo do Campo Country and Admin Code BR.27.3548708 BR … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II