Morecambe


Morecambe

Coordinates: 54°03′50″N 2°52′43″W / 54.0640°N 2.8786°W / 54.0640; -2.8786

Morecambe
Morecambe shoreline - geograph.org.uk - 28381.jpg
Morecambe Sands
Morecambe is located in Lancashire
Morecambe

 Morecambe shown within Lancashire
Population 38,917 
OS grid reference SD4263
Parish Morecambe
District Lancaster
Shire county Lancashire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MORECAMBE
Postcode district LA3, LA4
Dialling code 01524
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Morecambe and Lunesdale
List of places: UK • England • Lancashire

Morecambe (pronounced /ˈmɔrkəm/) is a resort town and civil parish within the City of Lancaster in Lancashire, England. As of 2001 it has a resident population of 38,917.[1] It faces into Morecambe Bay. Morecambe and the nearby village of Heysham have a combined population of 51,400.[2]

Contents

History

In 1846, the Morecambe Harbour and Railway Company was formed[3] to build a harbour on Morecambe Bay, close to the fishing village of Poulton-le-Sands, and a connecting railway. By 1850, the railway linked to Skipton, Keighley and Bradford in the West Riding of Yorkshire, and a settlement began to grow around the harbour and railway, to service the port and as a seaside resort. The settlement expanded to absorb Poulton, and later the villages of Bare and Torrisholme. The settlement started to be referred to as "Morecambe", possibly after the harbour and railway. In 1889 the new name was officially adopted.

Morecambe was a thriving seaside resort in the mid-twentieth century. While the nearby resort of Blackpool attracted holiday-makers predominantly from the Lancashire mill towns, Morecambe had more visitors from Yorkshire (due to its railway connection) and Scotland. Between 1956 and 1989 it was the home of the Miss Great Britain beauty contest.

Morecambe suffered from decline for a number of years following a series of incidents that affected its tourism and local economy.[4] Two piers were lost: West End Pier was washed away in a storm in 1978 while Central Pier, though struck by fire in 1933, survived until 1992. In 1994, The World of Crinkley Bottom attraction in Happy Mount Park closed only 13 weeks after opening and the ensuing 'Blobbygate' scandal led to a legal battle between Lancaster City Council and TV star Noel Edmonds. The closures of Bubbles, Morecambe's swimming pool, and Frontierland, a fairground, soon followed.

Concern over the decline of Morecambe's West End has led to some recent regeneration and investment in the area. The Times and the Daily Telegraph ran two-page features on Morecambe's revival around Easter 2006. After falling into abeyance in the mid-1980s, the Miss Morecambe beauty contest was revived in 2006 by Margee Ltd., a local fashion store, founded in 1933 – the same year that the second Midland Hotel opened.

Morecambe was selected by the RNLI as the location for their first operational life-saving hovercraft, (Griffon 470SAR) H-002 "The Hurley Flyer", which was made operational on 23 December 2002. After immediate complaints from local residents the RNLI was obliged to remove the craft from the beach.

On 5 February 2004, there was a major loss of life in Morecambe Bay when Chinese immigrant shellfish harvesters were drowned.

The "Morecambe Budget"

Morecambe Beach looking towards the West End

Enoch Powell made a speech in Morecambe on 11 October 1968 on the economy, setting out alternative, radical free-market policies which would later be called the 'Morecambe Budget'.[citation needed] Powell used the financial year of 1968-9 to show how income tax could be halved from 8s 3d to 4s 3d in the pound (basic rate cut from 41% to 21%)[5][6] and how capital gains tax and selective employment tax could be abolished without reducing expenditure on defence or the social services. These tax cuts required a saving of £2,855 million, and this would be funded by eradicating losses in the nationalised industries and denationalising the profit-making state concerns; ending all housing subsidies except for those who could not afford their own housing; ending all foreign aid; ending all grants and subsidies in agriculture; ending all assistance to development areas; ending all investment grants;[7] abolishing the National Economic Development Council and abolishing the Prices and Incomes Board.[8] The cuts in taxation would also allow the state to borrow from the public to spend on capital projects such as hospitals and roads and on the firm and humane treatment of criminals.[9]

Governance

Morecambe is covered by three tiers of government - Morecambe Town Council, Lancaster City Council (District) and Lancashire County Council.

The town is in the Morecambe and Lunesdale parliamentary constituency. It is also represented in the European Parliament as part of the North West England constituency.

Economy

Morecambe Promenade

Morecambe's main central shopping area stretches from Central Drive Retail Park to the Arndale Shopping Centre. This area also incorporates two markets - The Festival Market and The Morecambe Sunday Market - and the Apollo Cinema complex.

Morecambe's manufacturing and industrial businesses are largely located in the White Lund Industrial Estate.

Morecambe is primarily a seaside resort with a large proportion of the local economy based on tourism, hospitality and catering located along the seafront. It is also situated at the foot of the Lake District National Park.

Legal and other professional services are concentrated on Northumberland Street and Victoria Street.

Tourism

Morecambe Sands in Summer

The Morecambe Hotel and Tourism Association which had 40 members has merged with The Bay Tourism Association. At a full meeting of the Morecambe Hotel and Tourism Association on Monday 8 March 2010, it was unanimously resolved that the MHTA joins with Bay Tourism to become one association under the name of The Bay Tourism Association and The MHTA will cease to operate as an association. The BTA works closely with Lancaster Chamber and organise joint promotional ventures with other tourism associations in the region.

Education

Morecambe is served by a number of primary, secondary and tertiary educational establishments. Morecambe High School is a specialist Mathematics and Computing College and Heysham High School is a specialist Sports college and is one of the best in the area. Lancaster and Morecambe College is a further education college.

Culture

Performing arts

The Platform is Morecambe's only live entertainment venue. The Platform is a converted Victorian-styled building which used to be the old railway station. It also houses the Morecambe Tourist Information Centre. The Dome finally closed its doors this year, leaving only the Platform to showcase visiting artistes. Morecambe has a number of bands that circulate the town's pubs and music venues, the quality of which leave a great deal to be desired, with the lamentable 'Bottlenecks' being a particular lowlight.

Festivals

Morecambe hosts a number of large public festivals throughout the year including 'Catch The Wind' Kite Festival, West End Community Festival, Morecambe Jazz Festival and Tutti Frutti 1950's Festival. It also hosts an annual celebration of the noble Alsatian.

Cuisine

Morecambe Bay potted shrimps are a famous local delicacy.

Morecambe - town of dog lovers

In February 2010, Morecambe was designated as the town with the most dog lovers in the country. It has designated the Alsatian as the official breed of Morecambe and surrounding areas.

Landmarks

One of Morecambe's most famous landmarks is a statue commemorating one of its most famous sons, Eric Morecambe. It was created by sculptor Graham Ibbeson.

One of Morecambe's landmark buildings is the partially renovated Victoria Pavillion,(spelt incorrectly on the mosaic tiles at the entrance to the theatre) also popularly known as Morecambe Winter Gardens. This was once a venue for swimming baths, grand theatre, restaurant and ballroom and even became a training camp at various times in its life.

Morecambe Library opened in 1967, and was designed by the office of the architect Roger Booth. It replaced the library on Victoria Street which opened in 1928. There had been earlier proposals to build a library in Morecambe with Carnegie funding, but arguments about the rates involved stalled the project; instead, one of the Aldermen spent his money on building the Clock Tower on the seafront. The library is mentioned by Pevsner, and is one of the few buildings not connected to the seaside trade to get a mention apart from churches. The building is formed by hexagons, with a hyperbolic parabolic roof, creating a distinctive skyline and *interior.

Morecambe once boasted two fairgrounds: a small one to the north of the railway station which closed down in the 80s, and a larger one to the south of the station, which ultimately became Frontierland and closed in 1999. The only remaining landmark left on the site is the Polo Tower, left standing only because of the contract for the phone mast on top.[10] The future of the remaining land remains uncertain.

In July 2008, the local council ordered a clean up of the Polo Tower and scaffolding was erected around the structure to carry out a survey.

Midland Hotel

Midland Hotel in 2008 after restoration

The Midland Hotel is an important art deco luxury hotel situated along the seafront. It still contains interior design and art pieces by artist Eric Gill. It has undergone a £7m restoration, headed by Manchester company Urban Splash.

The company has restored the hotel to its former glory and opened it for business in June 2008. New additions following the renovation include an outdoor swimming pool as shown in the building's new design.

Media

Print

Local newspapers include the Lancaster and Morecambe localised editions of The Guardian and The Visitor.

Sport

Football

Morecambe F.C. (the Shrimps) are the leading local football team and on 20 May 2007 won the Conference National playoffs to earn promotion to the Football League for the first time in their history. As of 2010-11, they are playing League Two. They had a successful first season in the Football League, surprising a few teams and in the 2009-10 season they reached the play-offs, only to lose 7-2 on aggregate to eventual winners Dagenham & Redbridge. At the end of the 2009-2010 season the team moved from its Christie Park ground to a brand new home, The Globe Arena. The old ground was demolished to make way for a Sainsburys Supermarket.

Fishing

Morecambe Bay has some of the most varied fishing in all of Britain...and is perhaps most famous for Morecambe Bay Potted Shrimps which are 'By appointment to Her Majesty The Queen'.[citation needed]

Rugby league

The rugby football schism occurred in 1895, Morecambe joined the Northern Rugby Football Union (now Rugby Football League) in its second season. Morecambe played for eight of the ten seasons from the 1896–97 season through to the end of 1905–06 season, Morecambe finished 14th of 14, in its first three seasons of the Lancashire Senior Competition, withdrew for the 1899–1900, and 1900–01 seasons, finished 11th of 13 in the Lancashire Senior Competition, then finished 17th of 18, 16th of 17, 13th of 14 in Division-2, and finally 30th of 31 in the recombined league, after which Morecambe withdrew from the Northern Rugby Football Union.

Transport and infrastructure

Rail

Morecambe railway station has a regular rail service from Lancaster, with some trains running directly from Preston and Leeds. Trains also run to Heysham, where they connect with the ferry service to the Isle of Man. There is another railway station at Bare Lane, serving the suburb of Bare. Services are operated by Northern Rail.

The present-day Morecambe station opened in 1994, replacing an older station once known as Morecambe Promenade, built by the Midland Railway on its North Western Line from Skipton in Yorkshire. There was also a station called Morecambe Euston Road, built by the rival London and North Western Railway, which closed in 1963.

Bus

Bus services in the area are operated mainly by Stagecoach Lancaster. Other local services are operated by Battersby's Coaches. Direct services link the town with Lancaster where connections to Keswick (555/556), Preston (40/41), Blackpool (42). Regular services up to every 15 minutes (numbers 3/3A/4) operate along the promenade to Heysham and to Lancaster University whilst services 2 and 2A operate up to every 10 minutes from Euston Road to both Heysham and Lancaster University. Services 6 and 6A operate via Westgate (where most caravan holiday parks are) to the ASDA supermarket and Salt Ayre Leisure Centre. Service 5 operates to Overton and Carnforth. Many services (2/2A/3/3A/4/6/6A) operate using Low Floor Easy Access Vehicles suitable for wheelchair users and prams/pushchairs, whilst other services use older buses.

Twin towns

Points of interest

References

  1. ^ 38917=5230+8015+7098+5949+5926+6699, Lancaster 004 (Middle Layer Super Output Area), Lancaster 006 (Middle Layer Super Output Area), Lancaster 007 (Middle Layer Super Output Area), Lancaster 008 (Middle Layer Super Output Area), Lancaster 009 (Middle Layer Super Output Area), Lancaster 010 (Middle Layer Super Output Area), ONS Neighbourhood Statistics, retrieved 3 November 2011
  2. ^ Whittakers Almanac
  3. ^ Awdry, C. (1990), Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies, Patrick Stephens Ltd, Wellingborough, ISBN 1-85260-049-7.
  4. ^ Alan Cowell, Postcard From Ailing British Coasts: Wish You Were Here, The New York Times, April 12, 2007.
  5. ^ Roy Lewis, Enoch Powell: Principle in Politics (Cassell, 1979), p. 69.
  6. ^ Heffer, p. 484.
  7. ^ Robert Shepherd, Enoch Powell. A Biography (London: Pimlico, 1997), pp. 375-6.
  8. ^ Heffer, p. 485.
  9. ^ Heffer, pp. 485-6.
  10. ^ Cooper, Glen (2007-10-05). "Polo no-no". The Visitor. Johnston Press. http://www.thevisitor.co.uk/morecambe-news/Polo-nono.3253782.jp. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Morecambe F.C. — Morecambe Full name Morecambe Football Club Nickname(s) The Shrimps Founded 1920 …   Wikipedia

  • Morecambe — Bay Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Morecambe FC — Morecambe Football Club Morecambe FC Club …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Morecambe — Morecambe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Morecambe — (spr. mōr köm), Stadt und Seebadeort in Lancashire (England), an der Morecambe Bai, hat mehrere Kirchen, darunter die schöne gotische St. Lorenzkirche, einen Volkspalast mit Aquarium und Bädern, große Gartenanlagen mit Konzerthalle, ein Dock,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Morecambe — Morecambe, Meerbusen an der Westküste der englischen Grafschaft Lancashire …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Morecambe F.C. — FC Morecambe Voller Name Morecambe Football Club Gegründet 1920 Stadion Christie Park, Morecambe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Morecambe — Original name in latin Morecambe Name in other language Morecambe, Morecombe, Morkam, Morkamas, Morkem, mo ke mu, Моркам, Моркем State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 54.06835 latitude 2.86108 altitude 10 Population 51644 Date 2010 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Morecambe — noun A resort town in Lancashire, England …   Wiktionary

  • Morecambe — n. bay located on the west coast of England …   English contemporary dictionary


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