- Royal Scots Fusiliers
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= The Royal Scots Fusiliers
dates= 1678 - 1959
command_structure= Lowland Brigade
identification_symbol_2= [http://www.regiments.org/tradition/tartans/macken5.htm MacKenzie Tartan] |identification_symbol_2_label=Tartan
The Royal Scots Fusiliers was a
Regimentof the British Army.
The Earl of Mar's Regiment of Foot ('Mar's Grey Breeks') (1678-1695)
The regiment was raised in
Scotlandin 1678 by Stuart loyalist Charles Erskine, "de jure" 5th Earl of Mar for service against the rebel covenantingforces during the Second Whig Revolt (1678-1679). They were used to keep the peace and put down brigands, mercenaries, and rebels. In the Glorious Revolutionof 1689, the regiment was ordered south. Initially they stayed loyal to James II of Englanduntil he fled to Ireland, upon which they opted to serve Prince William of Orange. The regiment later ironically fought against the Jacobites during the Second Jacobite Rebellion (1745) at the Battle of Cullodenin 1746.
The Scots Fusilier Regiment of Foot (1695-1712)
The regiment was converted to fusiliers in 1689, but didn't receive the title officially until 1695. It was nicknamed the "Duke of Marlborough's Own" for its excellent service in all of the Duke's campaigns in the
War of the Spanish Successionand received the title of "Royal" in 1712.
21st (Royal North British Fusilier) Regiment of Foot (1713-1877)
The regiment was renamed the Royal North British Fusilier Regiment of Foot in 1713. It was later numbered the 21st Regiment in 1751, when seniority numbers were introduced.
21st (Royal Scots Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot (1877-1881)
The regiment finally saw the restoration of "Scots" in their title in 1877.
Cardwell Reforms of 1881
The regiment did not suffer the indignity of being amalgamated, as it already had two regular battalions. However, it did become the County Regiment of Ayrshire, Dumfries-shire, Kircudbrightshire, Roxburghshire, Selkirkshire, and Wigtownshire in South-West Scotland. This made them a Lowland Regiment and forced them to adopt trews. It also had to lose its numbering, becoming The Scots Fusiliers.
Amalgamations of 1959
The Scots Fusiliers was amalgamated with the Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) in 1959 to form The Royal Highland Fusiliers, (Princess Margaret's Own Glasgow and Ayshire Regiment). The regular 1st battalions of the two Regiments combined at
Redford Barracks, Edinburghto form the 1st battalion of the new regiment (1 RHF).
*Sir Andrew Agnew (in command at the Battle of Dettingen)
*Field Marshal Sir Paul Haynes (in command at Inkerman).
*Lord Trenchard (founder of the
Royal Air Forceand later made Marshal of the Royal Air Force) served as a subaltern during the Second Boer War.
Deneys Reitz, one time deputy Prime Minister of South Africa and South African High Commissioner in London. Reitz served as a Commando against the British during the Second Boer War but served on the British side against the Germans in Africa, later commanding the 1st Battalion of The Royal Scots Fusiliers on the Western Front in France.
Sir Winston Churchillcommanded the 6th Battalion (Territorial Army) of the Regiment for a few months in 1915 on the Western Front while in disgrace after Gallipoli.
**Churchill's second-in-command was
Sir Archibald Sinclair, later made Secretary of State for Air in 1940 as part of Churchill's coalition government.
**One of Churchill's subalterns was Sir Edmund Hakewell Smith, During World War 2, he would later be promoted to Major-General and become commander of 52 (Lowland) Division in 1943.
Two histories of the Regiment have been written:
#"The History of the Royal Scots Fusiliers 1678-1920" by
John Buchan(Lord Tweedsmuir)
#"The Royal Scots Fusiliers 1920-1959" by Colonel J C Kemp.
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