Dogger Bank


Dogger Bank
Location of the Dogger Bank

Dogger Bank is a large sandbank in a shallow area of the North Sea about 100 km (62 mi) off the east coast of England. It extends over approximately 17,600 km2 (6,800 sq mi), with its dimensions being about 160 miles (260 km) long and up to 60 miles (97 km) broad.[1] The water depth ranges from 15 to 36 metres (from 49 to 118 feet), about 20 metres (66 ft) shallower than the surrounding sea. It is a productive fishing bank. The name comes from dogger, an old Dutch word for fishing boat, especially for catching cod.

Contents

Geography

Geologically, the feature is most likely a moraine, formed during the Pleistocene.[1] At differing times during the last ice age it was land joined to the mainland, or an island. Fishing trawlers working the area have dredged up large amounts of moor peat, remains of mammoth and rhinoceros, and occasionally Paleolithic hunting artefacts. The bank was part of a large landmass, known as Doggerland, which connected Britain to the European mainland until it was flooded at the end of the last ice age.[2]

In 1931, the largest earthquake ever recorded in the United Kingdom took place below the bank, measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale. Its focus was 23 km beneath the bank, and the quake was felt in countries all around the North Sea, causing damage across eastern England.

Naval battles

The bank has been the site of several naval actions. During the War of American Independence, a Royal Navy squadron fought a Dutch squadron on August 5, 1781 in the Battle of Dogger Bank. During the Russo-Japanese War, Russian naval ships opened fire on British fishing boats in the Dogger Bank incident on October 21, 1904, mistaking them for Japanese torpedo boats. In the First World War, the area saw battles in 1915 and 1916 between the Royal Navy and the German High Seas Fleet. In 1966, the German submarine U-Hai sank during a gale, and is one of the worst peacetime naval disasters in German history.

Environmental

The bank is an important fishing area, with cod and herring being caught in large numbers. It gives its name to the Dogger region used in the BBC Radio 4 Shipping Forecast. Several shipwrecks lie on the bank.

Dogger Bank has been identified as an oceanic environment that exhibits high primary productivity throughout the year in the form of phytoplankton. As such, it has been proposed by various groups to make the area a designated Marine Nature Reserve.[3]

Wind farm

In January 2010, a licence to develop a wind farm in Dogger Bank was granted to a consortium of developers. The wind farm is projected to develop up to 9 gigawatts of power, as part of a planned nine zone project of 32 gigawatts. Construction is scheduled to start around 2014 at the earliest. [4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Stride, A.H (January 1959). "On the origin of the Dogger Bank, in the North Sea". Geological magazine 96 (1): 33–34. http://geolmag.geoscienceworld.org/cgi/content/abstract/96/1/33. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  2. ^ University of Sussex, School of Life Sciences, C1119 Modern human evolution, Lecture 6, slide 23
  3. ^ "The Dogger Bank - A Potential MPA". WWF. http://www.ngo.grida.no/wwfneap/Publication/briefings/Dogger.pdf. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  4. ^ "BBC News - New UK offshore wind farm licences are announced". news.bbc.co.uk. January 8, 2010. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/8448203.stm. Retrieved 2010-01-08. 

Coordinates: 54°43′28.63″N 2°46′06.80″E / 54.7246194°N 2.768556°E / 54.7246194; 2.768556


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dogger Bank — [dôg′ər, däg′er] extensive sand bank in the central North Sea, between England & Denmark, submerged at a depth of 60 120 ft (18 37 m) …   English World dictionary

  • Dogger Bank — 54° 43′ 29″ N 2° 46′ 07″ E / 54.7246, 2.76855 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dogger Bank — /daw geuhr, dog euhr/ a shoal in the North Sea, between N England and Denmark: fishing grounds; naval battle 1915. * * * ▪ North Sea       extensive isolated shoal in the North Sea, lying about 60 miles (100 km) off the northeastern coast of… …   Universalium

  • Dogger Bank — Sp Dògerio bánka Ap Dogger Bank L sekluma Šiaurės j. tarp D. Britanijos s. ir Jutlandijos p lio …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Dogger Bank — Dog|ger Bank an area of the North Sea, about 70 miles (110 kilometres) off the coast of northeast England, where the sea is not very deep because there is a large ↑sandbank under the water. A lot of boats go there to catch fish …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Dogger Bank — Dog′ger Bank′ [[t]ˈdɔ gər, ˈdɒg ər[/t]] n. geg a shoal in the North Sea, between N England and Denmark: fishing grounds …   From formal English to slang

  • Dogger Bank — geographical name submerged sandbank about 150 miles (241 kilometers) long in North Sea E of N England …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Dogger Bank — noun A large sandbank, and associated fishing ground, in the North Sea between Great Britain and Denmark …   Wiktionary

  • DOGGER BANK —    a sandbank in the North Sea; a great fishing field, extending between Jutland in Denmark and Yorkshire in England, though distant from both shores, 170 m. long, over 60 m. broad, and from 8 to 10 fathoms deep …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Dogger Bank — /dɒgə ˈbæŋk/ (say doguh bangk) noun an extensive shoal in the North Sea, about 113 km east of northern England; fishing grounds; battles between the British and German navies occurred in January 1915 and February 1916 during World War I. 11–37 m… …   Australian English dictionary