- Kuban Cossack Choir
Kuban Cossack Chorus ( _ru. Кубанский Казачий Хор) is one of the leading ensembles of
Folk musicin Russia. Its repertoire and performanaces primarilly reflect the songs, dances and folklore of the Kuban Cossacks.
The modern Kuban Cossack Chorus sets the date of its creation as
14 October, 1811, when its predecessor, the Black Sea Host Singing Chorus (Черноморский Войсковый певческий хор), was formed. The founders of this choir were Kirill Rossinsky and regent Grigory Grechinsky. Over the next hundred years in addition to singing the Russian Orthodox Liturgyin Slavonic, the choir regularly gave public concerts throughout the Kuban Oblast. These concerts would include classical works as well as folk songs in addition to sacred works.
In summer of 1921, under the
Decossackizationprogramme of the Bolshevikauthorities, the Cossack Host was dissolved, being revived only in 1936. The choir was then headed by Grigory Kontsevichand Yakov Taranko, formally regents of the old Kuban Chorus. A year later, during the Purges, Kontsevich was arrested and then executed. The choir however continued to grow, and in 1939 with the addition of a dance group it was renamed the Ensemble of Kuban Cossack Dance (Ансамбль песни и пляски кубанских казаков). During the Second World War, rather than being disbanded it toured several fronts and performed for Red Armysoldiers and particularly the Kuban Cossack regiments that served in the ranks.
In 1961, under the initiative of
Nikita Khrushchevthe ensemble was dissolved once again. In this year many similar folkloric groups were dissolved in the USSR.
In 1968, under the leadership of
Sergey Chernobayit was once again re-established as part of the State Russian folk choirs. Three years later the re-established chorus debuted at the Bulgarian international Festival of Folklore, where it earned the first of many titles it would receive in numerous festivals and competitions.
In 1974, the artistic director of the State Kuban Cossack Chorus became Viktor Gavrilovich Zakharchenko, who continues to lead the choir to this day. Zakharchenko was a local transferred back to Kuban from the Siberian Chorus he previously helped direct. Due to his efforts, in 1975 the choir became laureates of the First All Russian screening competition of state folk choirs in Moscow, and again in 1984. In October 1988, by order of the
Presidiumof the Supreme Sovietof the USSR, the choir was awarded the Order of Friendship of Peoples, and in 1990 became a laureate of the Taras ShevchenkoState Ukrainian Prize in Ukraine. Its highest award was received in 1993 when the choir was awarded the title of "Academic".
During the post-USSR years, the Chorus has channeled its energy into the collection and rebirth of the Cossack traditions, demonstrating pride in Russian patriotism and local customs. In August 1995,
Patriarch Alexius IIallowed the Host to sing church liturgyonce again, and from October 1996, by decree of Krasnodar Kraygovernor Alexander Tkachev, the choir has been recognised as a direct successor to the old Host choir of 1811.
Despite its turbulent past, the Chorus has grown to become one of the leading concert ensembles in Russia. It regularly tours abroad and has appeared in Japan, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Germany, Norway, China, Vietnam, Poland, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Serbia and Australia.
Centre of Cossack Folklore
In 1990 on the basis of the Kuban Cossack Chorus, a center of folk culture of Kuban was set up. Its mandate is to collect, study and revive cultural traditions of the Kuban Cossacks. The Center has children's and teenage choirs and folk-instrument ensembles. It also collects traditional clothing and relics of the past from village life.
Cossack songs and dances, in both the Russian and Ukrainian languages, are a standard part of its programmes. [ [http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=Kuban+Cossacks&search=Search see youtube videos] ] . In addition the Chorus transforms poems into songs, such as those of
Alexander Pushkinand Taras Shevchenko. It also performs famous non-Cossack songs such as Katyusha. [ [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ABBhRp6bn0 YouTube - Cossack Choir ] ]
* [http://www.kkx.ru/en/ Official website] - ru icon/en icon
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