Six Days Campaign


Six Days Campaign

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Six Days Campaign
partof=the War of the Sixth Coalition


caption=
date=February 10–14, 1814
place=Northeastern France
result=French victory
combatant1=flagicon|France First French Empire
combatant2=flagicon|Prussia|1803 Prussia
flagicon|Russia Russian Empire
commander1=Napoleon Bonaparte
commander2=Blücher
strength1=30,000
strength2=100,000
casualties1=3,400
casualties2=17,750
The Six Days Campaign (10-14 February 1814) was a final series of Napoleon Bonaparte's victories as the War of the Sixth Coalition closed in on Paris.

With an army of only 70,000, the Emperor was faced with at least half a million Allied troops advancing in several main armies commanded by Field Marshal Prince von Blücher and Field Marshal Prince zu Schwarzenberg amongst others.

The Six Days Campaign was fought from 10 to 14 February during which time he inflicted four major defeats on Blücher's army in the Battle of Champaubert, the Battle of Montmirail, the Battle of Château-Thierry, and the Battle of Vauchamps. Napoleon managed to inflict 17,750 casualties on Blücher's force of 100,000 with his 30,000-man army, leading later historians and enthusiasts to claim that the Six Days was the Emperor's finest campaign.

However, the Emperor's victories were not significant enough to make any changes to the overall strategic picture, and Schwarzenberg's larger army still threatened Paris, which eventually fell in late March.

Battles of the Campaign

*Battle of Champaubert (10 February 1814) - 4,000 Russian casualties and Russian General Olussiev taken prisoner, to approximately 200 French casualties Chandler, David. Dictionary of the Napoleonic wars, Wordsworth editions, 1999.pgs.87, 90, 286-87, 459.] .

*Battle of Montmirail (11 February 1814) – 4,000 Allied casualties, to 2,000 French casualties.
*Battle of Château-Thierry (12 February 1814) – 1,250 Prussian, 1,500 Russian casualties and nine cannons lost, to approximately 600 French casualties.

*Battle of Vauchamps (14 February 1814) – 7,000 Prussian casualties and 16 cannons lost, to approximately 600 French casualties.

Footnotes


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