Faubourg


Faubourg

Faubourg is an ancient French term approximating "suburb" (now generally termed "banlieue"). The earliest form is "Forsbourg", derived from Latin "foris", 'out of', and Vulgur Latin (originally Germanic) "burgum", 'town' or 'fortress'. Traditionally, this name was given to an agglomeration forming around a throughway leading outwards from a city gate, and usually took the name of the same thoroughfare within the city.

Paris

Many Parisian streets have retained their ancient denomination in spite of city growth; today it is still possible to discern pre-1860 delimitations in Paris by marking the point where a thoroughfare's name changes from "rue" to "rue du faubourg". For instance, the rue du Faubourg Saint-Denis used to be located outside of the city wall and was an extension of the rue Saint-Denis within the walls. The rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré came about in a similar manner.

New Orleans

The term was also used in the early expansion of New Orleans beyond the original city plan, when French was still a common language in the colonial city. Faubourg Tremé and Faubourg Marigny, two of the oldest neighborhoods outside of the French Quarter, are persistent examples. Another early example was Faubourg St. Mary, a commercial district, which developed into the modern Central Business District. [Campanella, Richard. Time and Place in New Orleans: Past Geographies in the Present Day. Gretna, Louisiana: Pelican Publishing Company, 2002. ISBN 1-56554-991-0]

Montreal

The Greater Montreal no longer has any actual "faubourgs" on the main island, as the suburb now refers to the North and South Shores. However, placenames like "le Faubourg St-Laurent" is still occasionally used to refer to the sections of Ville-Marie [Ville de Montréal, [http://ville.montreal.qc.ca/portal/page?_pageid=87,1425295&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL Le Quartier latin et le Faubourg Saint-Laurent] ] [ [http://www.er.uqam.ca/nobel/arrfm/Territoires/index.html Association des résidants et des résidantes des Faubourgs de Montréal] ] .

Furthermore, the term "des faubourgs de Montréal" ("the Montreal suburbs") is preserved in some placenames within the city proper, such as the various annexes (branches) of the "École des Métiers des Faubourgs-de-Montréal". There was also a "Caisse des Faubourgs de Montréal" in The Village, which in 2003 was closed down [Mouvement des caisses Desjardins, [http://www.desjardins.com/en/votre_caisse/accueil.jsp?transit=81530008 Caisse Desjardins du Quartier-Latin de Montréal] .
The Caisse Desjardins des Faubourgs de Montréal was located at 1662 Saint Catherine Street East and its operations were taken over by the Caisse du Quartier-Latin as of 2003.
] .

ee also

* Vorstadt, the German equivalent

References


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  • faubourg — [ fobur ] n. m. • faux bourg XIVe, altér. de fors borc XIIe; de fors « hors » et borc « bourg »; lat. foris « dehors » et burgus « bourg » 1 ♦ Hist. Partie d une ville qui déborde son enc …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Faubourg 36 — Données clés Titre original Faubourg 36 Réalisation Christophe Barratier Scénario Christophe Barratier assisté par Pierre Philippe Acteurs principaux Gérard Jugnot (Pigoil) Clovis Cornillac …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Faubourg — Fau bourg (f[=o] b[=oo]r ; E. f[=o] b[=oo]rg), n. [F.] A suburb of a French city; also, a district now within a city, but formerly without its walls. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Faubourg — (fr., spr. Fohburg), Vorstadt; die vorzüglichsten F s in Paris, s.d …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Faubourg — (franz., spr. fobūr), Vorstadt …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Faubourg — (frz., spr. fobuhr), Vorstadt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Faubourg — (frz. fobuhr), Vorstadt …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • faubourg — index frontier Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • faubourg — suburb, late 15c., from M.Fr. faux bourg, said by French authorities to be from O.Fr. forsbourc (12c.) suburbs, outskirts, lit. that which is outside the town, from fors outside (from L. foris) + bourc town, of Frankish origin (cognate with… …   Etymology dictionary

  • faubourg — [fō bo͞or′; ] E [ fō′boor΄, fō′boorg΄] n. [Fr for earlier faux bourg, lit., false town, folk etym. form of OFr forsbourc, lit., outside town, hence suburb < fors (Fr hors), outside + bourg, town] in France, a) a suburb b) a city district that… …   English World dictionary