Zona da Mata (coastal)

Zona da Mata (coastal)

: "This article stands for the coastal Zona da Mata. For other places, see Zona da Mata"

In northeastern Brazil (Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba,Pernambuco, and Bahia), the Zona da Mata (in Portuguese, "forest zone") refers to the narrow coastal plain between the Atlantic Ocean and the dry regions of the agreste and sertão.

The zona da mata consists of a narrow plain, generally about fifty kilometres wide and very flat and low (below 100 metres in elevation), below the northeastern edge of the Brazilian Highlands. The climate is hot and wet, with most rain coming from the southeasterly winds between April and July. Annual rainfall generally totals between 1300 and 2000 millimetres, with averages in June as high as 300 millimetres.

Because the climate and soil of the zona da mata are excellent for the production of sugar cane, very little of the original Atlantic Rainforest vegetation remains. Most of the major cities of northeastern Brazil, including Recife, Salvador, Maceió and João Pessoa, are located in the zona da mata.

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См. также в других словарях:

  • Zona da Mata — is Portuguese for forest zone and is a name used for some regions in Brazil:* Zona da Mata (Minas Gerais) * Zona da Mata (coastal), in Bahia, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte, and Pernambuco …   Wikipedia

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  • Agreste — In Brazil, the agreste is a narrow zone in the states of Paraíba, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe and Bahia between the coastal zona da mata (forest zone) and the semiarid sertão. The agreste actually fades out before Rio Grande Do Norte is reached… …   Wikipedia

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  • Forest zone — This article refers to the forest zone of Western Africa. For Brazilian forest zones, see Zona da Mata. In West Africa, the forest zone refers to the southern part of the region once largely covered by tropical rainforest. Sometimes this region… …   Wikipedia

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