Edward Francis Searles


Edward Francis Searles

Edward Francis Searles (July 4 1841 – 1920) was an interior and architectural designer.

Searles was born on July 4 1841, in Methuen, Massachusetts, USA to Jesse Gould Searles (1805 - 1844) and Sarah Littlefield Searles. His father worked in a local cotton mill and operated a small farm.

In 1887 Searles married Mary Frances Sherwood Hopkins, a wealthy widow 22 years his senior. The widow of Mark Hopkins, her assets included 25% ownership of the Central Pacific Railroad. Searles was the designer of Mary's new home in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, which is now referred to as the Searles Castle, from the 1885 groundbreaking, to its completion in 1888. [cite web
url=http://www.greatbarrington.org/index.php?nav_id=6#answer_30
title=What is that castle in Great Barrington?
publisher=From the Southern Berkshire Chamber of Commerce website FAQs
accessdate=2007-05-19
]

After Mary's death in 1891, Searles was left with his wife's vast real estate holdings in San Francisco, New York, Great Barrington, and Methuen, and $21 million.

During the remainder of his life, he satisfied his love of architecture by building a number of grand structures, frequently in collaboration with architect Henry Vaughan.

Collaborations with Vaughan include:
* Serlo Organ Hall (completed 1909) and Pine Lodge Mansion in Methuen, MA
* Stillwater Manor, a 24-room 3-story mansion in Salem, NH
* Stanton Harcourt Castle, now known as Searles Castle, Windham, NH. 20 room castle completed in 1915 at a cost of approximately $1,250,000, modeled on the Stanton Harcourt Castle in Oxfordshire, England.
* Dream House, now known as Searles Mansion, Block Island, RI. Constructed 1886-1888 as a home for Searles and his wife, it had a "twin house" design with each of the Searles' having a separate identical side of the mansion.
* Mary Francis Searles Science Building, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, ME
* various schools and churches

He was also an environmentalist and would alter the construction course of a major stone wall so as to preserve a tree that he deemed important. ["Rural oasis: history of Windham, New Hampshire, 1883-1975". Researched and written by the Town History Committee. Published by Phoenix Publishing, Canaan, NH, c1975]

His surname (as well as that of fellow "Methuen city fathers" Charles H. Tenney and David C. Nevins, Jr.) appears in the name of the "Searles Tenney Nevins Historic District" established by the City of Methuen in 1992 to preserve the "distinctive architecture and rich character of one of Massachusetts’ most unique neighborhoods". According to the City of Methuen:

Today, the trio’s collective vision can be seen in mills, housing, schools, mansions, churches, monuments, playgrounds, the library, and the architectural fantasies that resulted from their artistic rivalry. The historic district boundaries were established to include properties and buildings constructed or used by the Searles, Tenney and Nevins families and the people who worked for them. [ [http://www.ci.methuen.ma.us/index.php?option=com_content&task=blogcategory&id=56&Itemid=84] Official Website of the City of Methuen]

References

External links

* [http://www.mmmh.org/mmmh-history.htm Methuen Memorial Music Hall]
* [http://dgmweb.net/genealogy/FGS/H/HopkinsMark-MaryFrancesSherwood.shtml Genealogy of Mark HOPKINS & Mary Frances SHERWOOD]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Searles — is a surname, and may refer to:* Edward Francis Searles (1841–1920), American architect * John Searles, American author and magazine editor * Kyle Searles (1985– ), American actor * Michael Searles (1750–1813), British architectee also*Searle… …   Wikipedia

  • Searles Castle — can refer to two buildings in the United States, named after designer Edward Francis Searles: *Searles Castle (Massachusetts) (completed in 1888) *Searles Castle (New Hampshire) (completed in 1915) …   Wikipedia

  • Searles Castle (New Hampshire) — The Searles Castle is located in Windham, New Hampshire, in the United States. It was ordered to be built by Edward Francis Searles. Construction began in 1905 and was completed in 1915. It is a 1/4 scale replica of the medieval Tudor manor of… …   Wikipedia

  • Searles Castle (Massachusetts) — Infobox nrhp name =Searles Castle nrhp type = caption = lat degrees = lat minutes = lat seconds = lat direction = long degrees = long minutes = long seconds = long direction = location = Main St. Great Barrington, Massachusetts nearest city =… …   Wikipedia

  • Mary Frances Sherwood Hopkins Searles — (* 8. März 1818 in New York City; † 25. Juli 1891 in Methuen (Massachusetts)) war eine US Amerikanerin, die nacheinander zwei Millionäre heiratete, zu den reichsten Frauen der USA gehörte und dadurch in die Lage gelangte, ihre architektonischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Methuen Memorial Music Hall — National Register of Historic Places Die Methuen Memorial Music Hall …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Methuen, Massachusetts — For other uses, see Methuen (disambiguation). Methuen, Massachusetts   City   Methuen City Hall …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Vaughan (Architekt) — Henry Vaughan um 1907 Henry Vaughan (* 1845 oder 1846 in Cheshire; † 30. Juni 1917 in Boston[1]) war ein Architekt. Henry Vaughan wurde in England geboren und wuchs in Schottland auf. Er arbeitete zeitweise mit George Frederic …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Vaughan (architect) — For other people with the same name see Henry Vaughan (disambiguation)Henry Vaughan (1845 1917), a prolific and talented church architect, came to America to bring the English Gothic style to the American branch of the Anglican Communion (The… …   Wikipedia

  • Methuen Memorial Music Hall — U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia