Kaidu or Qaidu, (1230 - 1301) was the son of KashinMarco Polo and Rustichello of Pisa. "The Travels of Marco Polo", Volume 2, Book 4, Chapter 1. Edited and annotated by Henry Yule and revised by Henri Cordier, 3rd Ed. 1903.] a grandson of Ögedei Khan and a great-grandson of Genghis Khan and Börte. He ruled part of Eastern Turkestan (modern Xinjiang) and Central Asia during the 13th century, and actively opposed his uncle, Kublai Khan, who established the Yuan Dynasty in China.

In 1260, Marco Polo described Yarkand, part of the area under Kaidu as "five days' journey in extent"; that its inhabitants were mostly Muslim although there were also some Nestorian and Jacobite Assyrians; and that it had plenty of food and other necessities, "especially cotton."Marco Polo and Rustichello of Pisa. "The Travels of Marco Polo", Volume 1, Book 1, Chapter 35. Edited and annotated by Henry Yule and revised by Henri Cordier, 3rd Ed. 1903.]

Kaidu controlled most of Central Asia and, for a time, much of present-day Mongolia, including Karakorum, the former capital of the Mongol Empire. Since about 1263, when Kublai Khan was warring with his own brother Ariq Böke, who was proclaimed Great Khan at Karakorum, Kaidu would be waging almost continuous warfare for more than 30 years against Kublai and his successor Temür, without ever managing to overthrow their might. By 1269 he had himself been recognized by some Mongol tribes and chieftains as their rightful Khan, but eventually fell in 1301, when defeated near Karakorum and killed during a desperate flight.

Medieval chroniclers often mistranslated Kadan as Kaidu, mistakenly placing Kaidu at the Battle of Legnica. Kadan was the brother of Güyük, and Kaidu's uncle.Chambers, James. "The Devil's Horsemen: The Mongol Invasion of Europe". Atheneum. New York. 1979. ISBN 0-689-10942-3]


External links

*Hill, John E. " [http://depts.washington.edu/uwch/silkroad/texts/hhshu/hou_han_shu.html The Western Regions according to the Hou Hanshu] ", Second Edition, 2003. (Based on 2004 edition, not yet online)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kaidu — bezeichnet: den Kaidu (Fluss), Quellfluss des Konqi (Fluss) im Autonomen Gebiet Xinjiang der Volksrepublik China Qaidu Khan (1235/6–1303), Erbe Dschingis Khans Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterschei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kaidu — ▪ khan of Mongolia died c. 1301       Mongol khan (reigned 1269–1301), the great grandson of Genghis Khan, grandson of Ögödei, and a leader of the opposition to Kublai Khan s (Kublai Khan) rule over the Mongol empire. Kaidu controlled Turkistan… …   Universalium

  • Kaidu — Qaïdu Qaïdu est un seigneur mongol, chef de la maison d’Ögödei, prétendant au titre de grand Khan en compétition avec Kubilai Khan. Qaïdu, cousin de Kubilai, se rallie à Ariq bögè dans sa lutte contre son frère Kubilai entre 1261 et 1264. Il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Baraq (Chagatai Khan) — Baraq (1266 1271) was a khan of the Chagatai Khanate . He was the son of Yesünto a, and a grandson of Chagatai Khan.Baraq s family had moved to China following his father s exile by the Great Khan Möngke Khan for his support of the house of… …   Wikipedia

  • Duwa — (died 1307), also known as Du a, was khan of the Chagatai Khanate (1282–1307). He was the second son of Baraq. He was the longest reigning monarch of the Chagatayid Khanate and accepted the Great Khan s supremacy. Under his rule, the Chagatai… …   Wikipedia

  • The Adventures of Marco Polo — Infobox Film name = The Adventures of Marco Polo caption = director = Archie Mayo John Ford (uncredited) producer = Samuel Goldwyn George Haight writer = N.A. Pogson Robert E. Sherwood starring = Gary Cooper Sigrid Gurie Basil Rathbone Ernest… …   Wikipedia

  • Mengu-Timur — or Möngke Temür (Mongolian: Мөнхтөмөр) (? 1280), Son of Toqoqan Khan[1] and Buka Ujin of Oirat[2] and the grandson of Batu Khan. He was a khan of the Golden Horde in 1266 1280 …   Wikipedia

  • Bosten-See — Satellitenaufnahme des Bosten Sees vom 2. November 2004. Blick von Süden nach Norden. Geographische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mongol Empire — Ikh Mongol Uls ← 1206–1368 …   Wikipedia

  • Temür Khan, Emperor Chengzong of Yuan — This article is about Mongol Emperor in the 13th century. For Khan of Northern Yuan in the early 15th century, see Öljei Temür Khan. Öljeytü Temur Khan Emperor Chengzong of Yuan 元成宗 Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty Khagan of the Mongols Emperor of… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.