Kaidu or Qaidu, (1230 - 1301) was the son of Kashin
Marco Poloand Rustichello of Pisa. " The Travels of Marco Polo", Volume 2, Book 4, Chapter 1. Edited and annotated by Henry Yule and revised by Henri Cordier, 3rd Ed. 1903.] a grandson of Ögedei Khanand a great-grandson of Genghis Khanand Börte. He ruled part of Eastern Turkestan(modern Xinjiang) and Central Asiaduring the 13th century, and actively opposed his uncle, Kublai Khan, who established the Yuan Dynastyin China.
Marco Polodescribed Yarkand, part of the area under Kaiduas "five days' journey in extent"; that its inhabitants were mostly Muslimalthough there were also some Nestorianand Jacobite Assyrians; and that it had plenty of food and other necessities, "especially cotton." Marco Poloand Rustichello of Pisa. " The Travels of Marco Polo", Volume 1, Book 1, Chapter 35. Edited and annotated by Henry Yule and revised by Henri Cordier, 3rd Ed. 1903.]
Kaidu controlled most of Central Asia and, for a time, much of present-day
Mongolia, including Karakorum, the former capital of the Mongol Empire. Since about 1263, when Kublai Khanwas warring with his own brother Ariq Böke, who was proclaimed Great Khanat Karakorum, Kaidu would be waging almost continuous warfare for more than 30 years against Kublai and his successor Temür, without ever managing to overthrow their might. By 1269 he had himself been recognized by some Mongol tribes and chieftains as their rightful Khan, but eventually fell in 1301, when defeated near Karakorum and killed during a desperate flight.
Medieval chroniclers often mistranslated
Kadanas Kaidu, mistakenly placing Kaidu at the Battle of Legnica. Kadan was the brother of Güyük, and Kaidu's uncle.Chambers, James. "The Devil's Horsemen: The Mongol Invasion of Europe". Atheneum. New York. 1979. ISBN 0-689-10942-3]
*Hill, John E. " [http://depts.washington.edu/uwch/silkroad/texts/hhshu/hou_han_shu.html The Western Regions according to the Hou Hanshu] ", Second Edition, 2003. (Based on 2004 edition, not yet online)
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