- List of Liverpool F.C. managers
Liverpool Football Club are an English professional
association footballclub based in Liverpool, Merseyside, who currently play in the Premier League. They have played at their current home ground, Anfield, since their foundation in 1892. This chronological list comprises all those who have held the position of manager of the first team of Liverpool since their foundation in 1892.Each manager's entry includes his dates of tenure and the club's overall competitive record (in terms of matches won, drawn and lost), honours won and significant achievements while under his care. Caretaker managers are included, where known, as well as those who have been in permanent charge. As of the start of the 2008–09 season, Liverpool have had 17 full-time managers.
The most successful person to manage Liverpool is
Bob Paisley, who won six Football League titles, five Charity Shields, three Football League Cups, three European Cups and one UEFA Cupin his nine-year reign as manager. The club's longest-serving manager was Tom Watson, who managed the club from 1896 to 1915, totalling 19 years.
The first Liverpool managers,
W. E. Barclayand John McKenna, were appointed in 1892. Barclay acted as secretary-manager, overseeing the administrative side of the club, while McKenna took charge of matters on the field. The two worked in tandem as Liverpool won promotion from the Lancashire League in the club's first season. However, in 1896, McKenna appointed Tom Watson as manager. [cite web |url=http://www.liverpoolfc.tv/team/past_players/managers/barclay/ |title=William E. Barclay: 'Joint Manager' (1892-96) |publisher=Liverpool F.C. |accessdate=2006-09-12 ] He went on to win two Football League championships. As the First World War broke out, Watson was embarking on his nineteenth season in charge at Anfield. It was to be his last, as he died in May 1915, aged 56. David Ashworthwas appointed manager when football resumed after the War. [cite web |url=http://www.lfchistory.net/managers_profile.asp?manager_id=2 |title=Tom Watson manager profile |publisher=lfchistory.net |accessdate=2007-10-03 ] Ashworth won one league title, but left for Oldham Athletic soon after this. He was replaced in February 1923 by a Liverpool director, Matt McQueen, who won one league title for the club. However, this marked the beginning of a barren spell spanning more than 20 years before Liverpool finally regained the title in 1947 under the stewardship of George Kay. Kay also led Liverpool to the FA Cup Finalin 1950, but lost the game 2–0 to Arsenal. He retired the following year due to ill health. [cite web |url=http://www.lfchistory.net/managers_profile.asp?manager_id=6 |title=George Kay manager profile |publisher=lfchistory.net |accessdate=2007-10-01 ] The next manager, Don Welshbecame the first Liverpool manager to be sacked after leading the club to relegation in 1954. His successor, Phil Taylor, also failed to win a trophy or gain promotion back to the top flight during his reign as boss.
1 December 1959, Bill Shanklywas appointed manager, beginning a fifteen-year spell as manager that brought two league titles, two FA Cups and a first European trophy in the shape of the UEFA Cupto Anfield. [cite web |url=http://www.lfchistory.net/managers_profile.asp?manager_id=9 |title=Bill Shankly manager profile |publisher=lfchistory.net |accessdate=2007-10-01 ] Shankly's reign as manager is famous for the establishment of the Anfield boot room as the location for his tactical discussions with his coaches. [cite web |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/l/liverpool/1418093.stm |title=The legacy of the boot room |date= 2001-12-21|publisher=BBC Sport |accessdate=2006-09-12 ] When he wasn't managing the club, Shankly was usually at his typewriter, personally replying to the letters which arrived at Melwood. Shankly even called some supporters at home to discuss the previous day's game, while the accounts of him providing tickets for fans are endless. [cite web |url=http://icliverpool.icnetwork.co.uk/0100news/tm_objectid=17820876%26method=full%26siteid=50061%26page=2%26headline=bill%2dshankly%2d%2d%2dlegend%2dwho%2dforged%2dthe%2dliverpool%2dway-name_page.html |title=Shankly - legend who forged the Liverpool way |publisher=icliverpool.icnetwork.co.uk |accessdate=2007-12-24 ] When Shankly retired in 1974, he was replaced by his assistant, Bob Paisley. During the next nine seasons, Paisley proceeded to win six league titles and three European Cups to become the most successful manager in the history of the club. [cite web |url=http://www.lfchistory.net/managers_profile.asp?manager_id=10 |title=Bob Paisley manager profile |publisher=lfchistory.net |accessdate=2007-10-01 ] When Paisley retired in 1983, his assistant Joe Fagantook over, and continued the Boot Room tradition, and winning a Treble of League, European Cup and League Cup in his first season. He again guided Liverpool to a European Cup Final, but the match was overshadowed by the Heysel stadium disaster, and he retired soon after. [cite web |url=http://www.lfchistory.net/managers_profile.asp?manager_id=11 |title=Joe Fagan manager profile |publisher=lfchistory.net |accessdate=2007-12-12 ] Striker Kenny Dalglishwas then made the club's first player-managerand in his first season in charge, Dalglish led the club to a League and FA Cup double. [cite web |url=http://www.liverpoolfc.tv/lfc_story/1986.htm |title=LFC Story |publisher=Liverpool F.C. |accessdate=2007-09-26 ] After that great first season, Dalglish led Liverpool to a further two league titles and another FA Cup. However, Dalglish's reign was also synonymous with the Hillsborough disasterand was one of the reasons for Dalglish resigning on 22 February 1991. [cite web |url=http://www.lfchistory.net/player_articles_view.asp?article_id=61&player_id=287 |title=The Kenny Dalglish story - an end of an era |publisher=lfchistory.net |accessdate=2007-09-30 ]
Ronnie Morantook charge of team affairs for several weeks before Graeme Sounesswas named as Dalglish's successor. Under Souness, Liverpool won the FA Cup in 1992, but nothing else. He made way for Roy Evans, who also won just one trophy, the League Cup, before Gérard Houllierwas appointed joint manager with Evans in 1998. This arrangement lasted only 18 games before Evans resigned, leaving Houllier — Liverpool's first non-British manager — in sole charge. Houllier won nothing until the Treble in 2001 consisting of the FA Cup, League Cup and UEFA Cup. Houllier underwent major heart surgery during the 2001–02 season, but the squad was unaffected and managed to hold on to a second-place finish. Although Phil Thompsonstepped in as temporary manager while Houllier was recovering from heart surgery, the matches played under Thompson are included in Houllier's record. [cite web |url=http://www.lfchistory.net/managers_profile.asp?manager_id=16 |title=Gerard Houllier manager profile |publisher=lfchistory.net |accessdate=2007-10-03 ] Another League Cup was won in 2003, but this was to be Houllier's last trophy as Liverpool manager as he and the club parted by mutual consent at the end of the 2003–04 season, [cite web |last=McNulty |first=Phil |title=Houllier to leave Liverpool |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/l/liverpool/3741257.stm |date=2004-05-24 |accessdate=2007-04-13 |publisher=BBC Sport ] to be replaced by Valencia manager, Rafael Benítez.cite web |url=http://www.lfchistory.net/managers_profile.asp?manager_id=20 |title=Rafael Benítez manager profile |publisher=lfchistory.net |accessdate=2007-10-01 ]
In Benítez's first season in charge, Liverpool reached the UEFA Champions League Final, where they beat
A.C. Milanon penalties, after the match finished 3–3 after extra time. The following season, Liverpool reached the FA Cup Final, where they beat West Ham United, again on penalties after a 3–3 draw. Benítez again guided Liverpool to a Champions League Final in 2007, but this time A.C. Milan beat them 2–1.
"Information correct as of
September 30 2008. Only competitive matches are counted"
:Anote label|note01|A|^ Win% is rounded to two decimal places:Bnote label|note02|B|^ The official Liverpool website lists Barclay and McKenna as joint managers. Barclay held the post of "secretary-manager" and McKenna held the post of "coach-manager":Cnote label|note03|C|^ Ronnie Moran was Caretaker manager. Source of information: [http://www.lfchistory.net/managers_profile.asp?manager_id=17 lfchistory.net] :Dnote label|note04|D|^ Houllier was brought into Liverpool in the summer of 1998 to share the burden with Evans as joint-managers. Source of information: [http://www.lfchistory.net/managers_profile.asp?manager_id=15 lfchistory.net] :Enote label|note05|E|^ Houllier was absent from October 2001 to February 2002, due to illness. During this time, Phil Thompson stepped in as temporary manager (P33 W16 D12 L5). These matches are included in Houllier's record.
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