John Jameson (colonel)


John Jameson (colonel)

John Jameson (1751 – 20 November 1810) was an American soldier, most notable for his service during the American Revolutionary War. He was of Scottish descent and was a resident of Culpeper, Virginia and belonged to the distinguished Jameson Virginian family.

Early life

John Jameson was a graduate of The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, the second oldest college in the country.

American Revolution

In Culpeper, Virginia (what was then called Fairfax, Virginia) under an old Oak tree during the spring of 1775, he volunteered with other men from Culpeper, Orange and Fauquier counties forming the Culpeper Minutemen. He was a Captain and company commander in the Culpeper Minutemen battalion. Making use of popular symbols and phrases of the period, it's flag featured an obverse field containing an emblem of a snake (a symbol of the colonies) and the American Revolutionary mottoes "Liberty or Death" and "Don't Tread on Me."

Jameson and John Marshall were a leading spirit amongst the famous Culpeper minute-men. These were the first soldiers raised in Virginia. Together, he and the Minutemen fought in the Battle of Great Bridge, the first Revolutionary War battle on Virginia soil, where the minutemen defeated British troops under John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore, temporarily ending British control of Virginia.

Jameson was elected June 13, 1776, by the Virginia Convention, captain of the Third Troop of Horse. He had six competitors for the position, and received forty-eight vote, while his competitors received respectively 17, 15, 9, 4, 3, 2 votes. One of his competitors was Henry Lee[disambiguation needed ]. Jameson took command June 16, 1776 as captain in a Virginia regiment of dragoons; promoted March 31, 1777, major 1st Continental Light Dragoons, and transferred April 7, 1777, to 3rd Continental Light Dragoons. He fought at the Battle of Brandywine. While staying with George Washington at Valley Forge, Major Jameson was wounded in a skirmish nearby on January 21, 1778. Throughout that year and the next he remained at Washington's side, engaged at the Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey in June, and promoted to Colonel in August of 1779.

As a Colonel in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War he was instrumental in exposing the treason of Benedict Arnold. In 1780, General George Washington placed key commanders in strategic areas around West Point, New York, and Colonel Jameson was placed in Tarrytown, New York under the supervision of General Benedict Arnold. A man calling himself "John Anderson" was intercepted by militamen and found to be in possession of documents that included information regarding the defenses of West Point and the movements of the American army. Since the papers were found in an odd place, "under the feet of his stockings", Colonel Jameson became alarmed, arrested Anderson, and alerted General Arnold, since he did not yet suspect Arnold. Anderson was carrying a pass signed by the General, and Arnold was noted to be "very desirous of the Papers and everything being sent with him." Jameson followed orders and had sent Anderson and the papers but was dissuaded by Major Benjamin Tallmadge, head of Continental Army Intelligence, who had just arrived at the headquarters.

Because of the serious nature of the papers Jameson wrote to General Washington, enclosing the papers taken from Anderson. However he still insisted on notifying Arnold who promptly fled. Upon examining the papers, Washington called for Anderson, who then confessed that he was British major John André, envoy to the British commander in chief, Sir Henry Clinton. The investigation further revealed that Benedict Arnold, as commandant of West Point, agreed in 1780 to surrender the fort to the enemy in return for a royal commission in the British army and a large sum of money. Because of Jameson's intuition, Arnold's plot was foiled, and the attempt to pass control of West Point to the British was thwarted.

Colonel John Jameson was a member of the Society of the Cincinnati, in Virginia, and was present at their meeting held December 13, 1802, in Richmond, Virginia., when it was voted to appropriate some of their funds, to the amount of $25,000, to found Washington College in Maryland.

He was described as being 6 feet tall, blue-eyed and fair-complexion with black hair. After the war he was awarded over 416 acres (1.68 km2) of land some of which was located in Green Co., Ohio. He owned many thousands acres of land throughout Virginia, Ohio, and Kentucky.

Colonel John Jameson was a member at the Freemasonry chapter in Alexandria, Virginia. He is buried at the Culpeper Masonic Cemetery in Culpeper, Virginia.

Colonel John Jameson’s uncle was Lieutenant Governor David Jameson of Yorktown, Virginia who served from 1780-81 under the Governorship of Thomas Nelson, Jr., signor of the “United States Declaration of Independence” and served in August 1780 briefly as Governor when Nelson took ill. He was elected as a State Senator in 1783. He also served in the Senate during the War in 1776-1777, serving on Patrick Henry's Privy Council.

[1]

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Jameson (comics) — John Jameson John Jameson. Art by John Romita Jr. Publication information Publisher Marvel Comics …   Wikipedia

  • John Jameson — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jameson. John Jameson Personnage de fiction apparaissant dans …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John André — For the baseball player, see John André (baseball). John André Major John André Born May 2, 1 …   Wikipedia

  • Jameson Thomas — (eigentlich Thomas Jameson; * 24. März 1888 in London; † 10. Januar 1939 in Sierra Madre, Kalifornien) war ein britischer Schauspieler. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Filme 2 Filmografie 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Bullock Clark junior — John Bullock Clark John Bullock Clark, Jr. (* 14. Januar 1831 in Fayette, Howard County, Missouri; † 7. September 1903 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und Brigadegeneral der Konföderierten i …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Michael Wright — (May 1617 – July 1694) [exact dates are unknown, the probable date of baptism is May 25, 1617 and he was buried on August 1, 1694 (see body of article for details)] was a British baroque portrait painter. Wright trained in Edinburgh under the… …   Wikipedia

  • John Michael Wright — Nom de naissance John Michael Wright Activité Peinture, portrait Naissance Mai 1617 Décès Juillet 1694 Mouvement Baroque Maîtres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Hays Hammond — Infobox Person name = John Hays Hammond image size = 170px caption = birth date = March 31, 1855 birth place = San Francisco, California, USA death date = death date and age|1936|6|8|1855|4|29 death place = Gloucester, Massachusetts, USA (Buried …   Wikipedia

  • John A. Macdonald — For other people named John Alexander Macdonald, see John Alexander Macdonald (disambiguation). The Right Honourable Sir John A. Macdonald GCB KCMG PC …   Wikipedia

  • John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir — Infobox Governor General honorific prefix = The Right Honourable name = John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir honorific suffix = GCMG GCVO CH PC LLD (Harv, hc ) LLD (Yale, hc ) DD (UoT, hc ) BA ( Oxon ) order = 15th office = Governor General of… …   Wikipedia