Techno-progressivism


Techno-progressivism

Techno-progressivism, technoprogressivism, tech-progressivism or techprogressivism (a portmanteau word combining "technoscience-focused" and "progressivism") is a stance of active support for the convergence of technological change and social change. Techno-progressives argue that technological developments can be profoundly empowering and emancipatory when they are regulated by legitimate democratic and accountable authorities to ensure that their costs, risks and benefits are all fairly shared by the actual stakeholders to those developments.cite paper| author = Carrico, Dale| title = The Trouble with "Transhumanism": Part Two| date = 2004 | url = http://ieet.org/index.php/IEET/more/carrico20041222/| accessdate=2007-01-28] cite paper| author = Carrico, Dale| title = Technoprogressivism Beyond Technophilia and Technophobia| date = 2005 | url = http://ieet.org/index.php/IEET/more/carrico20060812/| accessdate=2007-01-28]

tance

Techno-progressivism maintains that accounts of "progress" should focus on scientific and technical dimensions, as well as ethical and social ones. For most techno-progressive perspectives, then, the growth of scientific knowledge or the accumulation of technological powers will not represent the achievement of proper "progress" unless and until it is accompanied by a just distribution of the costs, risks, and benefits of these new knowledges and capacities. At the same time, for most techno-progressive critics and advocates, the achievement of better democracy, greater fairness, less violence, and a wider rights culture are all desirable, but inadequate in themselves to confront the quandaries of contemporary technological societies unless and until they are accompanied by progress in science and technology to support and implement these values.

Strong techno-progressive positions include support for the civil right of a person to either maintain or modify his or her own mind and body, on his or her own terms, through informed, consensual recourse to, or refusal of, available therapeutic or enabling biomedical technology.cite paper| author = Carrico, Dale| title = The Politics of Morphological Freedom| date = 2006 | url = http://amormundi.blogspot.com/2006/08/politics-of-morphological-freedom.html| accessdate=2007-01-28]

Contrasting stance

Bioconservatism (a portmanteau word combining "biology" and "conservatism") is a stance of hesitancy about technological development especially if it is perceived to threaten a given social order. Strong bioconservative positions include opposition to genetic modification of food crops, the cloning and genetic engineering of farm and companion animals, and, most prominently, rejection of the genetic, prosthetic, and cognitive modification of human beings to overcome what are broadly perceived as current human biological and cultural limitations.

Bioconservatives range in political perspective from right-leaning religious and cultural conservatives to left-leaning environmentalists and technology critics. What unifies bioconservatives is skepticism about medical and other biotechnological transformations of the living world. Typically less sweeping as a critique of technological society than bioluddism, the bioconservative perspective is characterized by its defense of the natural, deployed as a moral category.

Although techno-progressivism is the stance which contrasts with bioconservatism in the biopolitical spectrum, both techno-progressivisms and bioconservatisms, in their more moderate expressions, share an opposition to unsafe, unfair, undemocratic forms of technological development, and both recognize that such developmental modes can facilitate unacceptable recklessness and exploitation, exacerbate injustice and incubate dangerous social discontent.

List of notable techno-progressive social critics

*Rhetorician Dale Carrico with his accounts of techno-progressivism
*Philosopher Donna Haraway with her accounts of cyborg theorycite paper| author = Haraway, Donna| title = A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century| date = 1991 | url = http://www.stanford.edu/dept/HPS/Haraway/CyborgManifesto.html| accessdate=2007-01-28]
*Cultural critic Mark Dery and his accounts of cyberculturecite book| author = Dery, Mark| title = Flame Wars: The Discourse of Cyberculture| year = 1994 | publisher = Duke University Press| id = ISBN 0-8223-1540-8]
*Science journalist Chris Mooney with his account of the U.S. Republican Party's war on sciencecite book| author = Mooney, Chris| title = The Republican War on Science| publisher = Basic Books| year = 2005| id = ISBN 0465046762]
*Futurist Bruce Sterling with his Viridian design movementcite paper| author = Sterling, Bruce| title = Viridian: The Manifesto of January 3, 2000| date = 2001 | url = http://www.viridiandesign.org/manifesto.html| accessdate=2007-01-28]
*Futurists Alex Steffen and Jamais Cascio and their Worldchanging blogcite book| author = Steffen, Alex| title = Worldchanging: A User's Guide for the 21st Century| publisher = Harry N. Abrams, Inc.| year = 2006| id = ISBN 0810930951]
*Science journalist Annalee Newitz with her accounts of the biopunk movementcite paper| author = Newitz, Annalee| title = Biopunk| date = 2001 | url = http://web.archive.org/web/20021220190353/http://www.sfbg.com/SFLife/tech/71.html| accessdate=2007-01-26] cite paper| author = Newitz, Annalee| title = Genome Liberation| date = 2002 | url = http://archive.salon.com/tech/feature/2002/02/26/biopunk/print.html| accessdate=2007-01-26]

*Bioethicist James Hughes of the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies with his accounts of "democratic transhumanism"cite book| author = Hughes, James| title = Citizen Cyborg: Why Democratic Societies Must Respond to the Redesigned Human of the Future| publisher = Westview Press| year = 2004| id = ISBN 0-8133-4198-1]

Techno-progressive subjects of interest

*Body modification
*Bioethics
*Biopolitics
*Bright green environmentalism
*Cognitive liberty
*Cosmopolitanism
*Cyberculture
*Critical posthumanism
*Digital freedom
*Emerging technologies/List of emerging technologies
*Equiveillance
*Free software movement
*Guaranteed minimum income
*Information ethics
*Informed consent
*Interculturalism
*Morphological freedom
*Multiculturalism
*Nanoethics
*Neuroethics
*Neurodiversity
*Non-anthropocentric personhood theory
*Participatory politics
*Pluralism
*Progressivism
*Regulation of science
*Reproductive rights
*Radical democracy
*Roboethics
*Secularism
*Social democracy
*Sustainable development
*Technocriticism
*Technological change
*Technology and society
*World federalism

Controversy

Rhetorician Dale Carrico, an academic known for using term "techno-progressive" as a shorthand to describe progressive politics that emphasize technoscientific issues,cite paper| author = Jose | title = Dale Carrico on Technoprogressive Politics | date = 2006 | url = http://memetherapy.net/03/dale-carrico-on-technoprogressive-politics/ | accessdate = 2008-04-19] has expressed concern that some transhumanist ideologues are using the term to describe themselves, with the consequence of possibly misleading the public regarding their actual views, which may or may not be compatible with critical techno-progressivism.cite paper| author = Carrico, Dale | title = "Technoprogressive": What's In A Name? | date = 2008 | url = http://amormundi.blogspot.com/2008/01/technoprogressive-whats-in-name.html | accessdate = 2008-04-16]

References

External links

* [http://ieet.org Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies]
* [http://ieet.org/index.php/IEET/biopolitics Overview of Biopolitics]
* [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/technoprogressive/ Technoprogressive Yahoo Group]
* [http://www.sagecrossroads.net/quiz Test Your Techno Tolerance]


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