- Hibernia (personification)
Hibernia as a
national personificationrepresenting Irelandappeared in numerous cartoon and drawings, especially in the nineteenth century.
As depicted in frequent cartoons in Punch, a magazine outspokenly hostile to
Irish nationalism, Hibernia was shown as " Britannia's younger sister". She is an attractive, vulnerable girl. She is threatened by manifestations of Irish nationalism such as the Feniansor the Irish National Land League, invariably depicted as brutish, ape-like monsters. Unable to defend herself, Hibernia turns to the strong, armoured Britannia for defence. John Tenniel, now mainly remembered as the illustrator of " Alice in Wonderland", produced many such depictions of Hibernia.
At times nationalist publications (such as the Land League and Parnell's "United Ireland" newspaper) did use the image of Hibernia. However, possibly because of the pro-union publications' adoption of the "helpless" image of Hibernia, nationalist publications would later use
Erinand Kathleen Ni Houlihanas personifications of Irish nationhood. (Although Irish Nationalists did continue to use the terms "Hibernia" and "Hibernian" in other contexts, such as the Ancient Order of Hibernians).
* [http://projects.vassar.edu/punch/lockwood2.html Punch cartoon of March 3, 1866, and commentary by Harlan Wallach]
* [http://www.cartoonstock.com/vintage/directory/h/hibernia.asp The gentlemanly Gladstone and the brutish Land League as rivals for Hibernia's heart]
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