- William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
name = William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
width = 200px
height = 200px
caption = Virginia Senator Representative of Virginia
birth_date = birth date|1837|5|31|mf=y
birth_place = Arlington House,
death_date = death date and age|1891|10|15|1837|5|31|mf=y
term_start = 1875
term_end = 1878
US House of Representatives
term_end2 = 1887-1891
party = Democrat
spouse = 1st Charlotte Wickham, 2nd Mary Tabb Bolling
children = Robert Edward Lee,
George Bolling Lee
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee (
May 31, 1837– October 15, 1891), known as Rooney Lee or W.H.F. Lee, was the second son of Robert E. Leeand Mary Anna Randolph Custis. He was a planter, a Confederate cavalryGeneral in the American Civil War, and later a member of the U.S. Congress.
Lee was born at Arlington House in
Arlington, Virginia, Virginia. He attended Harvard University, and then followed in his father's footsteps, entering the United States Armyin 1857 as a second lieutenant. He served with the 6th U.S. Infantryunder Albert Sidney Johnston, and participated in the Utah Waragainst the Mormons. In 1859, he resigned from the U.S. Army to operate his White House Plantation, on the south shore of the Pamunkey River, in New Kent County, Virginia.
With the outbreak of the Civil War Lee became a
captainin the Confederate Army cavalry and was soon promoted to major. He initially served in western Virginia under the command of Brig. Gen. William Loringduring 1861 and early 1862. He was then placed under the command of Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart, becoming a lieutenant colonel, and later colonelin the 9th Virginia Cavalry.
Battle of South Mountain, Lee was promoted to brigadier general. He fought at Antietam under the command of Brig. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee, his cousin. He commanded the 3rd Brigade of Stuart's Cavalry Division at the Battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. He was wounded during combat at Brandy Station at the beginning of the Gettysburg Campaignand was captured by Union forces at Hickory Hill, Virginia, two weeks later, while recuperating. He was a prisoner of warin New York Stateuntil exchanged back to the Confederate Army on February 25, 1864. He was exchanged for captive Union Brig. Gen. Neal S. Dow. In April, he was promoted to major general and commanded a division in the Cavalry Corps during the breakout from Petersburg and the retreat of his father's army in the Appomattox Campaign. By the end of the war, he had risen to second-in-command of the Confederate cavalry. He surrendered along with his father at Appomattox Court House.
After his mother died in 1873, Rooney inherited
Ravensworth Estate, the old Fitzhugh family property (near present-day Springfield) in Fairfax County with 563 acres of land. He moved there from White House. In 1875 Rooney was elected to the Virginia Senate, serving until 1878. He was then elected as a Democrat to the US House of Representativesin 1887. He served in the House until his death at Ravensworth in 1891. He is interred in the Lee Chapelat Washington and Lee Universityin Lexington, Virginiawith his parents and siblings.
Lee married twice, first in 1859 to Charlotte Wickham, a descendant of attorney John Wickham. They had two children, a boy and a girl, both of whom died in infancy. Charlotte died in 1863.
November 28, 1867, he married Mary Tabb Bolling, a descendant of Colonel Robert Bollingand his second wife Anne Stith. They had two children: Robert Edward Lee, born 1870, and George Bolling Lee, born 1872.
Lee is the step-great-great-grandson of
George Washington. Lee's mother, Mary Anna Randolph Custis Lee, was the great-granddaughter of Martha Custis Washington, who was a widow living at her White House Plantationin New Kent County (which Rooney Lee later inherited) when she was courted by Colonel George Washington before their marriage in 1759.
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1= 1. William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
Robert E. Lee
3= 3. Mary Anna Randolph Custis
Henry Lee III
5= 5. Anne Hill Carter
George Washington Parke Custis
7= 7. Mary Lee Fitzhugh
Henry Lee II
9= 9. Lucy Grymes
10= 10. Charles Carter
11= 11. Ann Butler Moore
John Parke Custis
13= 13. Eleanor Calvert
15= 15. Anne Randolph
Henry Lee I
17= 17. Mary Bland
18= 18. Charles Grymes
19= 19. Frances Jennings
20= 20. John Carter
21= 21. Elizabeth Hill
22= 22. Bernard Moore
23= 23. Anne Catherine Spotswood
Daniel Parke Custis
25= 25. Martha Dandridge
26= 26. Benedict Swingate Calvert
27= 27. Elizabeth Calvert Butler
28= 28. Henry Fitzhugh
29= 29. Lucy Carter
30= 30. Peter Randolph
31= 31. Lucy Bolling
* Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J., "Civil War High Commands", Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
* [http://aotw.org/officers.php?officer_id=86 AOTW: Colonel William Henry Fitzhugh Lee]
* [http://www.aboutfamouspeople.com/article1205.html About Famous People: William Henry Fitzhugh Lee]
* [http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=L000208 Biographical Directory of the US Congress: William Henry Fitzhugh Lee]
NAME= Lee, William Henry Fitzhugh
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