- Zwolle, Louisiana
name = Town of Zwolle
category = Town
nickname = Tamale Capital of the Universe
country = United States
state = Louisiana
region = Sabine
region_type = Parish
area_imperial = 3.7
area_land_imperial = 3.2
area_water_imperial = 0.4
area_water_percentage = auto
area_percentage_round = 2
area_round = 1
lat_d = 31
lat_m = 38
lat_s = 06
lat_NS = N
long_d = 93
long_m = 38
long_s = 33
long_EW = W
elevation_imperial = 203
elevation_round = 1
population_as_of = 2000
population = 1783
population_density_imperial = 552.6
population_density_round = 1
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
area_code = 318
map_caption = Location of Zwolle in Louisiana
map_locator = Louisiana
map1 = Map of USA LA.svg
map1_caption = Location of Louisiana in the United States
The first inhabitants of the bowl shaped area of land upon which the town of Zwolle is situated were the Mound Builders. Lured here for protection from storms, the "bowl" offered them protection. Prehistoric people built the dome-shaped mounds that line the banks of
Bayou Scieand Bayou San Miguel, which form a hollow circle around the townsite. Like all other Mound Builders they are believed to be ancestors of North American Indiansfound occupying the territory when the Europeans arrived.
The first English-speaking settlers arrived in
Sabine Parishin 1824coming by way of Natchitoches. These pioneer homeseekers came chiefly from Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and the Carolinas. In 1871, many more of these settlers moved in and acquired land under the homestead act. [ [http://www.toledo-bend.com/sabinepar/history/index.asp?request=zwolle www.toledo-bend.com "A Look At Zwolle's Early History"] ]
Arthur Stilwell built the
Kansas City Southern Railroadfrom Kansas cityto Port Arthur, Texas. He had reached Van Buren, Arkansasin 1893when he ran out of funds. Stilwell went to Zwolle, Hollandand met with a rich coffee merchant Jan De Goeijen (John De Queen). De Queen sold a $3,000,000 stock issue for Stilwell's railroad. De Queen was impressed with St. Joseph Catholic church, a product of the early Spanish missionaries which stood overlooking the town. De Queen was permitted to name it after his hometown and birthplace of Zwolle, a riverside city of currently over 115,000 population in the Netherlands. [ [http://www.zwollela.net/story.asp www.zwollela.net "The Story of Zwolle Louisiana"] ] The charter for the town of Zwolle was granted June 12, 1898.
Zwolle is located at coor dms|31|38|6|N|93|38|33|W|city (31.635134, -93.642560)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.7 square miles (9.5 km²), of which, 3.2 square miles (8.4 km²) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.1 km²) of it (11.99%) is water.this is true
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,783 people, 630 households, and 437 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 552.6 people per square mile (213.1/km²). There were 725 housing units at an average density of 224.7/sq mi (86.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 33.37% White, 47.17% African American, 16.38% Native American, 1.07% from other races, and 2.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.17% of the population.
There were 630 households out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.8% were married couples living together, 27.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.36.
In the town the population was spread out with 35.5% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 17.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 82.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $15,843, and the median income for a family was $17,326. Males had a median income of $25,625 versus $14,922 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $9,042. About 37.7% of families and 40.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 52.8% of those under age 18 and 35.9% of those age 65 or over.
William J. "Bill" Doddgraduated from Zwolle High School.
D. L. Dykes, Jr., pastor of the First United MethodistChurch in Shreveport, began his ministerial career at the denominational church in Zwolle.
Tamale Fiesta & Forestry Festival
The main attractions of the small town are the annual Zwolle Tamale Fiesta and Loggers and Forestry Festival.
The Fiesta is a deep rooted tradition celebrating Hispanic culture around the community,and further markets the already notorious Zwolle Tamales.
The Forestry Festival is a celebration of the town's dominant horticultural industry.
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