- Taiwanese hot springs
Taiwan is on the fault line where the Euro-Asian and Philippine continental plates meet. Therefore the island lies between an oceanic trench and volcanic system and this creates a unique environment that produces high-temperature springs with crystal-clear water, usually both clean and safe to drink. These
hot springsare not only clean and potable but also commonly used for spas and resorts.
The first mention of Taiwan's hot springs came from a
1697manuscript, " Beihai Jiyou" (裨海紀遊), but they were not developed until 1893, when a German businessman discovered Peitouand later established a small local spa. Under Japanese rule, the government constantly promoted and further enhanced the natural hot springs. The Japanese rule brought with them their rich onsenculture of spring soaking, which had a great influence on Taiwan.
In March 1896,
Hirado Gengofrom Osaka, Japanopened Taiwan's first hot spring hotel, called "Tenguan". He not only heralded a new era of hot spring bathing in Beitou, but also paved the road for a whole new hot spring culture for Taiwan. In the Japanese onsen culture, hot springs are claimed to offer many health benefits. As well as raising energy levels, the minerals in the water are commonly suggested to help treat chronic fatigue, eczema or arthritis.
During Japanese rule, the four major hot springs in Taiwan were
Beitou, Yangmingshan, Guanzilingand Sichongxi. However, under ROC administration starting from 1945, the hot spring culture in Taiwan gradually lost momentum. It was not until 1999 that the authorities again started large-scale promotion of Taiwan's hot springs, setting off a renewed hot spring fever.
In recent years, hot spring spas and resorts on Taiwan have gained more popularity. With the support of the government, the hot spring has become not only another industry but also again part of Taiwanese culture.
Taiwan has one of the highest concentrations (more than 100 hot springs) and greatest variety of thermal springs in the world varying from hot springs to cold springs, mud springs, and seabed hot springs.
Types of Springs
* Sodium carbonate springs
* Sulfur springs
* Ferrous springs
* Sodium hydrogen carbonate springs
* Mud springs ::(spring water contains alkaline and iodine, is salty and has a light sulfuric smell)
* Salt or hydrogen sulfide springs
Incomplete list of hot springs
Culture of Taiwan
* [http://www.taiwanzen.com Taiwanzen] Website in french about Taiwan and hot springs (fr)
* [http://www.taipei.org/teco/cicc/currents/03-0400/journal.htm Taiwanese Hot Springs] Taiwan Journal
* [http://18.104.22.168/jsp/Eng/html/travel_tour/subject_introduce.jsp?subject_id=11+13&update=2004-04-19 Hot spring tour] Tourism Bureau, R.O.C.
* [http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/feat/archives/2003/06/13/2003055114 Hitting the hot springs and avoiding the hot spots] Taipei Times (Jun 13, 2003)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Hot springs around the world — There are hot springs on all continents and in many countries around the world. Countries that are renowned for their hot springs include Iceland, New Zealand, Chile and Japan, but there are interesting and unique hot springs in many other places … Wikipedia
Hot spring — For places with similar name, see Hot Springs (disambiguation). Grand Prismatic Spring and Midway Geyser Basin in Yellowstone National Park A hot spring is a spring that is produced by the emergence of geothermally heated groundwater … Wikipedia
Taiwanese cuisine — (traditional Chinese: 台灣菜; simplified Chinese: 台湾菜; pinyin: Táiwāncài; Pe̍h ōe jī: Tâi oân liāu lí) has several variations. In addition to the following representative dishes from the people of Hoklo … Wikipedia
Taiwanese opera — Taiwanese (folk) opera (Chinese: 歌仔戲; pinyin: gēzǎixì; Pe̍h ōe jī: koa á hì; literally song drama ) is the only form of Han traditional drama known to have originated in Taiwan. The language used is a stylized combination of both literary and … Wikipedia
Jhiben Hot Spring — The Jhiben Hot Spring (zh tpw|t=知本溫泉|p=Zhīběn Wēnquán|w=Chīh pěn Wēn ch üān) is a hot spring in Beinan, Taitung County, Taiwan. It is one of the most famous Taiwanese hot springs. History The Puyuma people, which inhabited in the area, learned… … Wikipedia
Geography of Taiwan — Taiwan Native name: 臺灣 or 台灣 Map of Taiwan … Wikipedia
Onsen — Outdoor pool, Naruko, Miyagi Guidebook to Hakone … Wikipedia
Sentō — nihongo|Sentō|銭湯| is a type of Japanese communal bath house where customers pay for entrance. Traditionally these bath houses have been quite utilitarian, with one large room separating the sexes by a tall barrier, and on both sides, usually a… … Wikipedia
Dakeng — (traditional Chinese: 大坑, Hanyu Pinyin: dàkēng) is the area that contains most of the mountain region of Beitun District, Taichung, Taiwan. Within these mountains is the Guguan Hot Spring, a famous recreational spot. It is located at the starting … Wikipedia
Sauna — For other uses, see Sauna (disambiguation). A traditional Finnish shore sauna view … Wikipedia