Organic clothing

Organic clothing

Organic clothing is clothing made from materials raised or grown in compliance with organic agricultural standards[citation needed]. Organic clothing uses cotton, jute, silk, ramie, or wool.[1] Retailers charge more for organic clothing because such the material used are free from chemicals or genetically modified seeds.[2]

Alternative terms are organic fashion, organic cloths.



Authentic organic fabrics and clothing can help the environment in a number of ways, such as:[3]

  • Manufacture of chemicals is not required
  • Chemical residues are not entered accidentally into the environment
  • Humans and animals are not exposed to chemicals
  • When the fabric is finished with chemicals are not returned to the earth in landfill, or enter into recycling process.

Cotton covers 2.5% of the world's cultivated land yet uses 16% of the world's insecticides, more than any other single major crop. [4] It can take almost a 1/3 pound of synthetic fertilizers to grow one pound of raw cotton in the US, and it takes just under one pound of raw cotton to make one t-shirt. [5]


Many highstreet retailers market organic clothing ranges that contain chemicals from the dyeing to bleaching process,[citation needed] which is inconsistent with the idea of Organic Clothing. Many companies sell clothing made from bamboo, which is commonly labeled as "organic", however this is a false statement. Bamboo fabric is typically chemically manufactured by “cooking” the bamboo leaves and woody shoots in strong chemical solvents such as sodium hydroxide and carbon disulfide, in a process also known as hydrolysis alkalization combined with multi-phase bleaching. Both sodium hydroxide and carbon disulfide have been linked to serious health problems. This finished material is similar to rayon and modal, which are more accurate terms of describing bamboo fabrics. [6][unreliable source?] Criticism also concerns the high cost of the products.[7]

See also


  1. ^ Begley, Ed (2008). Living Like Ed: A Guide to the Eco-Friendly Life. Clarkson Potter. pp. 197. ISBN 978-0307396433. 
  2. ^ Plunkett, Jack W.. Plunkett's apparel and textiles industry almanac. Plunkett Research Ltd. pp. 48–49. ISBN 978-1593921101. 
  3. ^ Martínez-Torres, Maria Elena (2006). Organic coffee: sustainable development by Mayan farmers. Ohio University Press. pp. 119–120. ISBN 978-0896802476. 
  4. ^ EJF. (2007). The deadly chemicals in cotton. Environmental Justice Foun dation in collaboration with Pesticide Action Network UK: London, UK. ISBN No. 1-904523-10-2.
  5. ^ Lauresn, S. E., Hansen, J., Knudsen, H. H., Wenzel, H., Larsen, H. F., & Kristensen, F. M. (2007). EDIPTEX: Environmental assessment of textiles. Danish Environmental Protection Agency, working report 24.
  6. ^ Template:Url= weblog/2007/09/bamboo-facts-be.html
  7. ^ Schor, Juliet (2003). Sustainable planet: solutions for the twenty-first century. Beacon Press. pp. 59. ISBN 978-0807004555. 

External links

  • Grow your own clothes -- experimenting with a kombucha-based material to make organic clothing (TED talk).

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