- Johan Valckenaer
Johan Valckenaer (
Franeker, 1759 - outside Bennebroek, 1821) was a Dutch lawyer, patriot and diplomat.
Lodewijk Caspar Valckenaerwas Franeker university's professor of law and, in 1766, was appointed to succeed Tiberius Hemsterhuisat Leiden. Johan, in the meantime, had become deeply interested in classical and French writers such as Voltaireand Rousseau. He graduated in 1781. His family was related to the Luzacs, publishers of the internationally renowned newspaper "Gazette de Leyde" - Emilie Luzacand her father Johan were Valckenaer's cousins.
In 1782, Valckenaer was appointed to the College of Franeker, but in May 1787 was discharged for his membership of an
exercitiegenootschap. He got an appointment in Utrecht, then a democratic Patriot stronghold. At the beginning September Valckenaer tried in vain to organize a force to hold back Frisian state members under the leadership of Court Lambertus van Beyma, trying to create an alternative Provincial States at Franeker. A few weeks later, after the raid on the Netherlands by a Prussian army, many patriots fled in the first place to Amsterdam, then to Brusselsand Saint-Omerin northern France. The most important Patriots, such as Wybo Fijnje, H. W. Daendels, Adam Gerard Mappaand Valckenaer lived temporarily in a castle in Watten and formed a kind of commune, that jointly bought a billiards set, restored the rooms and grew its own vegetables.
In between Valckenaer and Van Beyma were no friends anymore. In his flight from Franeker, Van Beyma forgot to take signed and extremely chargeable documents with him, so that a large group of Frisian patriots could be jailed and within two years condemned. Valckenaer was furious. Then both men also got into a quarrel over the distribution of the travel expenses. Nevertheless, Van Beyma and Valckenaer both organized the benefit payments originating from the French state. A difference of understanding between Valckenaer and Van Beyma about leadership in politics, the establishment of an employment project, a ship-building enterprise in
Gravelines, the care of the administration and the size of the payments brought about an even more violent break between them, with Valckenaeristen and Beymanisten factions of Patriots fighting each other in pamphlets. The dispute reached a climax in 1791. Valckenaer got no payment from Van Beyma, but did get the support of the patriot members of the former political establishment and so won the dispute. In 1792, the commune was dissolved and a Batavian Revolutionary Committee set up.
In January 1795, the "Batavian Legion over the Rhine" carried out a velvet revolution. Johan Valckenaar got an appointment in Leiden. In 1796, he was chosen as a member of the Batavian Republic's National Assembly. Already freely shortly was he of opinion that the revolutions had come full circle and accepted an embassy from
Madrid, and attempted to get the Spanish support against England.
In the Netherlands, he chose to return to being a gentleman farmer (Hereboer), as a hoofdingeland of the Rhine country. In 1805 he also had contact with
Maria Hulshoff. Under king Louis Bonaparte, he became a financial counsellor.
He died in 1821 in his mansion outside
Bennebroek, where he regularly invited his friends Theodorus van Kooten(who had also traveled with him to Spain), Samuel Iperusz Wiselius, Willem Bilderdijkand Anton Reinhard Falck.
* Oosthoek's Geïllustreerde Encyclopaedie (1917).
* Rosendaal, J. (2003) Bataven! Nederlandse vluchtelingen in Frankrijk 1787-1795
* Schama, S. (1977) Patriots and Liberators. Revolution in the Netherlands 1780 - 1830, p. 120, 121, 133, 143, 144-52, 154-5, 160-1, 198-200, 202, 213, 260, 267-8, 272-3, 290, 324-5, 328, 382, 418, 476, 499, 582, 613, 631, 643, 651-3.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Johan Valckenaer — Portrait de Johan Valckenaer, par Edme Quenedey, 1796. Johan Valckenaer, né le 12 janvier 1759 à Franeker et mort le 25 janvier 1821 à Bennebroek, est un homme politique et diplomate néerlandais … Wikipédia en Français
Lodewijk Caspar Valckenaer — (1715 1785) fut un philologue néerlandais. Né à Leeuwarden (en Frise), il fut l élève d Hemsterhuys. Il devint co recteur du gymnase de Campen, professeur de langue grecque, puis d antiquités grecques, à l université de Franeker, professeur de… … Wikipédia en Français
Lodewijk Caspar Valckenaer — (1715 1785) was a Dutch classical scholar, at Leiden. He was a follower of Tiberius Hemsterhuis. He was born in Leeuwarden.The jurist and politician Johan Valckenaer (1759 1821) was his son.Works* Dictata in antiquitates Graecas (1751) *… … Wikipedia
Coert Lambertus van Beyma — Coert Lambertus van Beyma, né le 5 février 1753 à Harlingen et mort le 7 septembre 1820 à Dronrijp, est un homme politique néerlandais ayant joué un rôle important pendant la Révolution batave, entre 1782 et 1798. Sommaire … Wikipédia en Français
Maria Aletta Hulshoff — Maria Aletta Hulshoff, pen name Mietje , (30 July 1781 Amsterdam 10 February 1846, Amsterdam) was a Dutch Patriot, feminist and pamphleteer. Contents 1 Life 2 Reception 3 Works 4 Sources … Wikipedia
Wybo Fijnje — (Zwolle, 24 January 1750 – Amsterdam, 2 October 1809) was a Dutch Mennonite minister, publisher in Delft, Patriot, exile, coup perpetrator, politician and during the French era manager of the state newspaper. LifeEarly lifeFijnje grew up in… … Wikipedia
Bernardus Blok — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Blok. Bernardus Blok, né le 10 avril 1753 à Makassar et mort le 29 juillet 1818 à Alkmaar, est un homme politique néerlandais. Biographie Blok est issu d une famille régente de Hollande ; son père était… … Wikipédia en Français
Jan Bernd Bicker — en 1796. Jan Bernd Bicker, né le 27 août 1746 à Amsterdam et mort le 16 décembre 1812 à Wassenaar, est un commerçant et homme politique néerlandais, membre de la Régence d État, l organe exécutif de la République batave, de 1803 à 1805 … Wikipédia en Français
Court Lambertus van Beyma — Court Lambertus van Beyma, engraving by R. Vinkeles and C. Bogerts Coert or Court Lambertus van Beyma (Harlingen, 5 February 1753 Dronrijp, 7 September 1820) was a notary and auctioneer, delegate and representative of the Frisian States, leader… … Wikipedia
Emilie Luzac — (Marguérite Emilie) (Leiden, 30 November 1748 Watten, near Dunkirk, 28 November 1788) was the second daughter of Jean (Jan) Luzac, book seller and publisher, and Anna Hillegonda Valckenaer (relation of Johan Valckenaer). On 5 November 1775 she… … Wikipedia