- HMS Temeraire (1798)
HMS "Temeraire" was a 98-gun
second-rate ship of the lineof the Royal Navy, launched on 11 September 1798at Chatham, which fought at the Battle of Trafalgar. She was named after the French 74-gun ship taken at the Battle of Lagos (1759), following the British custom of naming new ships after old prizes.
At Trafalgar under the command of
Eliab Harvey, she was next astern to "Victory". "Temeraire" was badly damaged as she fought to relieve Nelson's flagship. During the battle, "Temeraire" helped force the surrender of the French ship "Redoutable" and captured the French ship "Fougueux".
She became famous as the subject of two paintings by
J. M. W. Turner, one showing her .
"Temeraire" served as a
prison shipfrom 1812– 1815and as a receiving shipuntil 1836when she was briefly recommissioned. She was sold and broken up in 1838, and some of her timbers were used to build a communion table and two bishop's chairs in St. Mary's Church, Rotherhithe.
*Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
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