Logia


Logia

In New Testament criticism, the term "logia" (Greek: "sayings, utterances, oracles", singular: logion) is applied to a supposed collection of sayings of Jesus believed to be referred to by PapiasCross, F. L., ed. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. New York: Oxford University Press. 2005, article "Logia"] Many scholars identify this collection with the hypothetical Q document postulated to explain the many similarities between the "Gospel of Matthew" and the "Gospel of Luke" that are not accounted for in the presumedly earlier "Gospel of Mark". More generally, logia refers to small portions of text that are not evidenced elsewhere and are generally unique.

The term is also used of the texts on two Oxyrhynchus papyri discovered in 1897 and 1904, which are now considered to be either part of the Greek original of the noncanonical Gospel of Thomas or to be very close to it. [Cross, F. L., ed. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. New York: Oxford University Press. 2005, article "Sayings of Jesus"]

Papias and Q

Papias ("c" 60 - 130) was a Bishop of Hierapolis in Anatolia, whose book, "Expositions of the Oracles of the Lord", in which he stated that "Matthew compiled the logia (τὰ λόγια) in the Hebrew language, and each person interpreted them as he was able", survives only in quotations made by Irenaeus and Eusebius. [Cross, F. L., ed. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. New York: Oxford University Press. 2005, articles "Papias" and "Logia"]

As stated above, some scholars identify the work that Papias attributed to Matthew with the hypothetic Q document that would explain the many similarities between the "Gospel of Matthew" and the "Gospel of Luke" that are not accounted for in the presumedly earlier "Gospel of Mark".

Paul

The Apostle Paul may have been citing the "logia"fact|date=April 2008 when he spoke of "the words of the Lord Jesus" (Acts 20:35), recording a saying of Jesus not found in any of the four gospels: "It is more blessed to give than to receive."

aying of Jesus

The name "Sayings of Jesus" (logia of Jesus) was given by Grenfell and Hunt to a leaf of a papyrus codes that was among their first season's finds at Oxyrhyncus in 1897. Written in the first half of the third century, Oxyrhyncus Papyrus 1 contains a collection of sayings of Jesus, each headed "Jesus says". In 1903 a fragment of a third-century papyrus scroll that had been used for an official register was discovered (Oxyrhynchus Papyrus 654, now British Museum Papyrus 1531 verso) with further sayings. Controversy centered on whether the two fragments formed part of the same work, what authority could be attached to them, and the correct restoration of lacunae in the texts (Bell and Skeat 1935). Oxyrhynchus 654 had a heading which seems to describe the work as a collection of "sayings" addressed to Thomas and some other disciple, and when the Nag Hammadi "Gospel of Thomas" was discovered in 1945, it was identified as a Coptic version of the Greek work of which these two were fragments. The Gospel of Thomas contains sayings attributed to Jesus, some of which are included in the canonical gospels, but many are not found elsewhere.

ee also

*Five Trees
*Q document
*Agrapha
*Talmud Jmmanuel

References

External links

* [http://www-user.uni-bremen.de/~wie/Egerton/BellSkeat2.html H. Idris Bell and T.C. Skeat, 1935. "The New Gospel Fragments"] (British Museum pamphlet).


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Logia — puede hacer referencia a: La logia, un elemento arquitectónico. Logia o Logia Jesu, hipotética colección de dichos de Jesús probablemente escritos por Papías de Hierápolis. Una Logia Masónica, grupo de personas que forman un cuerpo masónico… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Logia — ist eine Bezeichnung für eine mögliche Sammlung von Zitaten Jesu, die dann als Ausgangsstoffe für die Verfasser der Evangelien gedient haben könnten. Das griechische Wort „logia“ bedeutet „Orakel, göttliche Antworten, Äußerungen oder Spruch.“… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • -logia — [dal gr. logía, der. di lógos logo ]. Secondo elemento di parole composte in cui significa discorso, espressione (come in brachilogia, dittologia ), oppure trattazione, teoria, dottrina (come in geologia, archeologia, zoologia ) …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • logia — logia; phar·ma·co·logia; …   English syllables

  • logia — sustantivo femenino 1. Uso/registro: restringido. Agrupación de masones: En nuestra ciudad funcionan varias logias. 2. Local donde se reúne esta agrupación: El acceso a la logia está restringido a sus miembros. 3. Área …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Logia — Logia, (ital., spr. Lodscha), so v.w. Loge 1) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • LOGIA — fluv. Hiberniae. Ptol. per oram orientalem ex la cu Shaterwico fluens, ac in mare ad Strangfordiam opp. exiens. Camd. Lough Der vel Lough Foyle in ora Bor. apud urb. Derry. Lough. Coyn vero est, qui apud Strangfordiam exit, in ora Or. in Ultonia …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • -logia — {{hw}}{{ logia}}{{/hw}} secondo elemento: in parole composte significa ‘discorso’, ‘espressione’ (analogia, tautologia) o ‘studio’, ‘teoria’ (archeologia, glottologia, zoologia) …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • -logia — suf. Elemento que exprime a noção de estudo (ex.: morfologia).   ‣ Etimologia: grego lógos, ou, palavra, discurso, linguagem, estudo, teoria + ia …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • -logía — (Del gr. λογία). elem. compos. Significa tratado , estudio , ciencia . Mineralogía, lexicología …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • logia — (Del it. loggia). 1. f. Local donde se celebran asambleas de francmasones. 2. Asamblea de francmasones …   Diccionario de la lengua española


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