- Green conservatism
In Canada the term was popularized in 2006 by
Preston Manning, former federal opposition leader and founder of the Reform Party of Canada. [ [http://www.canada.com/saskatoonstarphoenix/news/story.html?id=a5700803-8d41-438c-95e6-7cd025eb5fa4 "Saskatoon Star-Phoenix"] ] Specifically Manning has argued that Western CanadianConservatism with its strong rural roots and populistrhetoric will eventually have to reconcile the desire for strong growth with protection of the environment. He has specifically talked about using water pricing in the Athabasca Oil Sandsto prevent a " tragedy of the commons" scenario.
The Conservative Party in the United Kingdom under
David Cameronhas embraced a green agenda which includes proposals designed to impose a tax on workplace car parking spaces, a halt to airport growth, a tax on gas-guzzling 4x4s and restrictions on car advertising. The measures were suggested by The Quality of Life Policy Group, which was set up by Cameron to help fight climate change. [ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/main.jhtml;jsessionid=ND2RNWDNYBJL3QFIQMGCFFOAVCBQUIV0?xml=/earth/2007/09/14/eacameron114.xml Daily Telegraph online "David Cameron pledges radical green shake-up" September 14, 2007.]
Cameron has enthusiastically embraced "green" issues, and has made
climate changea key component of his speeches. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml;jsessionid=PHYKHXUF15AT1QFIQMFSFF4AVCBQ0IV0?xml=/news/2005/12/10/ntory10.xml Daily Telegraph online, "Cameron pledges tough measures on climate change." October 12, 2005.] He has called for an independent climate change commission to ensure that emissions reductions targets are met. [ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/6084958.stm BBC online "Cameron urges climate change law" Oct. 25, 2006.]
It is believed that the term was first used in the United States by former U.S. Republican congressman
Newt Gingrichin a debate on environmental issues with John Kerry[ [http://www.humanevents.com/article.php?id=20393&c=1&tb=1&pb=1&gd=04232007 We Can Have Green Conservatism - And We Should - HUMAN EVENTS ] ] [ [http://www.redstate.com/blogs/newt_gingrich/2007/apr/18/the_case_for_green_conservatism The Case for Green Conservatism | Redstate ] ] .
Green conservatism has manifested itself as a movement in groups such as
Republicans for Environmental Protection, which seeks to strengthen the Republican Party's stance on environmental issues and support efforts to conserve natural resources and protect human and environmental health.
In Japan, the
Environmental Green Political Assembly, or Midori no Kaigi, emerged out of the conservative reformist Sakigake Party. It combined a conservative ideology with an ecologist platform, forcing out a number of non-ecologist members to join the Democratic Party's "Ryoun-kai" faction. It showed poor performance at the polls, and was dissolved in 2004.
In Germany, the
Ecological Democratic Partywas formed by more right-wing defectors from Die Grünen in 1982. It combined a focus on environmental protection with a promotion of the right to life(opposition to abortion, euthanasiaand capital punishment); it differs from The Greens by being less supportive of immigration and restrictions on state powers in criminal justice issues, not focusing on gay and lesbian rights, and having a differing view of feminism.
While having never gained seats in federal or state legislatures in Germany, it made a name for itself by its involvement in the opposition to a Czech nuclear reactor in
Temelin, across the border from Bavaria. It is still active in the present day.
* [http://andrewsullivan.theatlantic.com/the_daily_dish/2007/07/green-conservat.html Green Conservatism Article] by
Andrew Sullivan, Retrieved August 21, 2008.
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