- Guy Simonds
Infobox Military Person
name=Guy Granville Simonds
caption=Lieutenant General Guy Simonds inspecting II Canadian Corps in Meppen, Germany, May 31st, 1945
April 23, 1903
May 15, 1974
Bury St Edmunds, England
commands=Chief of the General Staff
First Canadian Army II Canadian Corps
World War II
Battle of the Scheldt
Companion of the Order of Canada Companion of the Order of the Bath Commander of the Order of the British Empire Distinguished Service Order Canadian Forces Decoration
Lieutenant GeneralGuy Granville Simonds CC, CB, CBE, DSO, CD, ( April 23, 1903- May 15, 1974) was a Canadian Army officer who commanded the II Canadian Corpsduring World War II. He served as acting commander of the First Canadian Army, leading the Allied forcesto victory in the Battle of the Scheldtin 1944. In 1951 he was appointed Chief of the General Staff, the most senior member of the Canadian Army. He was the youngest officer in the history of the Canadian army to be promoted to the rank of general.
Bury St Edmunds, Englandon April 23, 1903, he emigrated to Canada with his family. He studied at the Royal Military College of Canadain Kingston, Ontario between 1921 and 1925 (College Number 3521).
September 27, 1944, Simonds temporarily took charge of First Canadian Army from General Harry Crerarand led the liberation of the mouth of the ScheldtRiver. When Simonds resumed his command of II Canadian Corps for the liberation of North-Western Europe, Crerar resumed command with the First Army. In 1944, Simonds devised the "Kangaroo", an early armoured personnel carrierconverted from non-operational armoured vehicles.
He returned to Canada in 1949 to take a role as Commander of the
Royal Military College of Canada. He was also the Commandant of the National Defence College and the Canadian Army Staff College in 1949 and 1950.
In 1970 he was made a Companion of the
Order of Canada. He died in Toronto on May 15, 1974.
In his book "The Normandy Campaign" Victor Brooks lists Simonds as the most effective corps-level commander of the Allied Forces in Normandy. He wrotequote|The corps commander among the units that comprised the 21st Army Group who most likely had the largest personal impact on the Normandy campaign was Lieutenant General Guy Simonds. This senior officer of the II Canadian Corps created one of the most effective tank-infantry teams in the Allied forces through a high degree of improvisation during the drive from Caen to Falais. This general was versatile and imaginative but was not able to generate the momentum that would have more fully closed off the Falaise gap at an earlier date. Despite this drawback, Simonds deserves credit for his effective command. [Brooks (2002), p.276]
*"The Price of Command: A Biography of General Guy Simonds" / Dominick Graham (1994) ISBN 0773726926
*cite book|title=The Normandy Campaign : from D-Day to the liberation of Paris | first= Victor| last= Brooks | publisher=Da Capo Press| location=Cambridge, MA| year=2002| isbn=978-0306811494
* [http://www.gg.ca/honours/search-recherche/honours-desc.asp?lang=e&TypeID=orc&id=2288 Order of Canada Citation]
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