Bosham


Bosham

Coordinates: 50°49′44″N 0°51′34″W / 50.82894°N 0.85949°W / 50.82894; -0.85949

Bosham
Bosham.1.5.05.jpg
Bosham seen across Chichester Harbour
Bosham is located in West Sussex
Bosham

 Bosham shown within West Sussex
Area  13.75 km2 (5.31 sq mi) [1]
Population 2,847 [1] 2001 Census
    - Density  207 /km2 (540 /sq mi)
OS grid reference SU804038
    - London  57 miles (92 km) NE 
Parish Bosham
District Chichester
Shire county West Sussex
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CHICHESTER
Postcode district PO18
Dialling code 01243
Police Sussex
Fire West Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Chichester
Website Parish Council
List of places: UK • England • West Sussex

Bosham (play /ˈbɒzəm/) is a small coastal village and civil parish in the Chichester District of West Sussex, England, about 3 miles (4.8 km)) west of Chichester on an inlet of Chichester Harbour.

The parish has an area of 3,400 acres (1,400 ha). In the 2001 census 2,847 people lived in 1,313 households, of whom 1.358 were economically active.

Bosham is colloquially divided into two halves: Old Bosham and New Bosham. New Bosham constitutes the more developed northern half of the village, situated around the A259 road and the railway line. The village is served by Bosham railway station. It is sometimes referred to by its increasingly obsolete original name, Broadbridge. Old Bosham includes the remaining geographical protrusion to the south. This includes the site of the original village around Bosham Harbour, as well as the tracts of farmland and private property of Bosham Hoe. At high tide the sea comes right into the old village, flooding the lower road and several car parking spaces.

Forming a part of Chichester Harbour, Bosham is renowned for its sailing with Bosham Sailing Club being formed in 1907.

Contents

History

Roman

The site has been inhabited since Roman times, and is close to the famous villa at Fishbourne. The Romans were responsible for the village's Mill Stream as there was no fresh water, and built a basilica there.

Anglo-Saxon and Norman periods

Bede mentions Bosham in his book The Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation, speaking of St Wilfred's visit here in 681 when he encountered a Celtic monk, Dicul, and five disciples in a small monastery.

The Saxon and early Norman church tower (of the four storeys the upper one is Norman)

In 850, the original village church was built on the site of the Roman basilica, and in the tenth century was replaced with Holy Trinity Church, situated beside Bosham Quay, that still serves as the local place of worship. There is a tradition that a daughter of Canute the Great drowned in a near-by brook and was buried here, although there seems to be little evidence for this. The tradition was originally linked to a fourteenth- or fifteenth-century effigy.[2] In 1865 a coffin containing a child's skeleton was discovered and this was thought to be Canute's daughter.[3][4]

Canute had a palace in the village, probably where the Manor House now stands or possibly at the harbour's edge. Legend has it that Bosham was the site at which he commanded the waves to "go back", so as to demonstrate to his overly deferential courtiers the limits of a King's powers. The village is one of only five places that appear on the map attached to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle of around this time.

Harold Godwinson

Bosham is mentioned by name in the Bayeux Tapestry, referring to the 1064 meeting of Harold and Edward the Confessor on the way to meet William of Normandy to discuss who would succeed Edward to the throne:

"Ubi Harold Dux Anglorum et sui milites equitant ad Bosham"
(Where Harold, Earl of the English, and his army ride to Bosham)

Harold's strong association with Bosham and the recent discovery of a Saxon grave in the church has led some historians to speculate that King Harold was buried here following his death at the Battle of Hastings, rather than Waltham Abbey as is often reported. A request to exhume a grave in Bosham church was refused by the Diocese of Chichester in December 2004, the Chancellor ruling that the chances of establishing the identity of the body as that of Harold II were too slim to justify disturbing a burial place.[5][6]

Domesday Book

The Domesday Book (1086) lists Bosham as one of the wealthiest manors in England. It included the nearby village of Chidham.

Landmarks

Chichester Harbour, a Site of Special Scientific Interest is partly within the parish. This is a wetland of international importance, a Special Protection Area for wild birds and a Special Area of Conservation. The harbour is of particular importance for wintering wildfowl and waders of which five species reach numbers which are internationally important.[7]

Bosham F.C.

Bosham Football Club was founded in 1901. They were one of the founding members of the Sussex County League Division Three in 1983. Bosham have won the Division Three title on three occasions - and finished runner-up once - earning promotion to Division Two, but each spell has eventually resulted in relegation back to Division Three, where they remain as of the 2011-12 season [8]. Also known as 'The Robins', the team play their home fixtures at Bosham's local recreation ground on Walton Lane. The club has a youth team, Bosham Cygnets, composed of local youngsters.

Bosham Cygnets

Bosham Cygnets is a youth football team who currently compete at both Under 15 and Under 18 level - where the club has two sides - in the Arun & Chichester Youth League. The club play their fixtures on a Sunday. Over the years, the Cygnets have been renowned for encouraging young footballing talent and acted as a feeder for regional Centre of Excellences at local professional Football League clubs, including Portsmouth, Southampton and Brighton & Hove Albion.

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bosham — (spr. Boshäm), Dorf in der englischen Grafschaft Sussex, einst wichtiger Seeort, jetzt entfernt vom Meere; Landungsplatz der Dänen 1409 …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bosham F.C. — Football club infobox clubname = Bosham fullname = Bosham Football Club nickname = The B Boys founded = 1901 chairman = chief executive =flagicon|ENG manager = flagicon|England Frank Antony league = Sussex County Football League Division Three… …   Wikipedia

  • Bosham — Original name in latin Bosham Name in other language Bosham State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 50.83088 latitude 0.85384 altitude 5 Population 2662 Date 2010 08 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • BOSHAM, HERBERT DE° — (before 1139–c. 1194), companion and biographer of Archbishop Thomas Becket. Born in Bosham, England, he studied in Paris under Peter Lombard, and studied Hebrew probably under Andrew of St. Victor. In addition to editing the Lombard s… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bosham Hoe — is a hamlet and estate on the shore of Chichester Harbour in the English county of West Sussex. It is some two kilometres south of the village of Bosham. External links *oscoor gbx|SU813017 …   Wikipedia

  • Bosham railway station — Infobox UK station name = Bosham manager = Southern code = BOH locale = Bosham borough = Chichester platforms = 2 lowusage0405 = 87,884 lowusage0506 = 80,743 lowusage0607 = 87,411 start = 15 March 1847Bosham railway station serves the small… …   Wikipedia

  • Herbert of Bosham — • A biographer of St. Thomas Becket, dates of birth and death unknown Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Herbert of Bosham     Herbert of Bosham      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Herbert de Bosham — Biographie Naissance à Bosham  Angleterre Décès 1186 Évêque de l Église c …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herbert of Bosham — was a twelfth century English biographer of Thomas Becket, dates of birth and death unknown. Early lifeHe was probably born in Sussex at Bosham from which he took his name.He studied theology in Paris as a pupil of Peter Lombard [Frank Barlow,… …   Wikipedia

  • HERIBERTUS de Bosham — Cardin. Sec. 12. Auctor vitae Thomae Cantuar. et itinerarii. Gesner. in Bibl. Vosi. de Hist. Lat. l. 2 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale


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