- Isaiah Horowitz
Isaiah Horowitz (
Hebrew: ישעיה הלוי הורוביץ; c. 1565- March 24, 1630/ "11 Nissan5390" on the Hebrew calendar), was a well-known rabbiand mystic. He is also known as Shelah HaKadosh - "the Holy "Shelah" (של"ה) - from the title of his best-known work.
The "Shelah Hakadosh" was born in
Pragueand died in Tzfat(Safed), Israel. He studied under Rabbi Meir Lublin"(Maharam Lublin)", and Rabbi Joshua Falk"(Maginei Shlome)". He married Chaya Moul, daughter of Abraham Moul of Vienna. During his life the "Shelah Hakadosh" was a wealthy and active philanthropist, supporting Torah learning especially in Jerusalem. After serving as rabbi in many prominent cities in Europe, he left Frankfurt am Main- following the Fettmilch uprising - and assumed the prestigious position of rabbi of Prague. In 1620, after the death of his wife, he moved to Eretz Yisroel; and remarried there. He was kidnapped in Jerusalemand ransomed by the local Pasha; he then moved to Tzfat (1626), erstwhile home of Kabbalah. The "Shelah Hakadosh" died in Tiberiasand is buried near Maimonides"(Rambam)".
In his many Kabbalistic, homiletic and halachic works, he stressed the joy in every action, and how one should convert the evil inclination into good, two concepts that impacted on Jewish thought through to the eighteenth-century, and greatly influenced the development of the Chassidic movement.
Famous descendants of the "Shelah" included the prominent Billiczer Rabbinical family of
His most important work is "Shnei Luchos HaBris" (Hebrew: שני לוחות הברית "Two Tables of the Covenant"; abbreviated "Shelah" של"ה from its initials). The work is an encyclopedic compilation of ritual,
ethics, and mysticism. It was originally intended as an ethical will- written as a compendium of the Jewish religion. The title page of the first edition states that the work is "compiled from both Torahs, Written and Oral, handed down from Sinai". The work has had a profound influence on Jewish life - notably, on the early Hassidicmovement, including the Baal Shem Tov; Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadiwas described as a "Shelah Yid", and "Shelah" clearly echoes in " Tanya". The "Shelah" has been often reprinted, especially in an abbreviated form. The work was first published in 1648 by his son, Rabbi Shabtai Sheftel Horowitz.
Rabbi Horowitz also wrote the "Sha'ar ha-Shamayim"
siddur(prayer book) which had an influence on the later Ashkenazi" Nusach".
* [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=908&letter=H Horowitz, Isaiah] , jewishencyclopedia.com
* [http://www.chabad.org/library/article.asp?AID=112346 Short biography of Rabbi Isaiah Halevi Horowitz (The Sheloh)] , chabad.org
* [http://www.ou.org/about/judaism/rabbis/shlah.htm Rabbi Isaiah ben Avraham Ha-Levi Horowitz (The Shlah)] , ou.org
* [http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/shlah.html Rabbi Isaiah ben Avraham Ha-Levi Horowitz (The Shlah)] , jewishvirtuallibrary.org
* [http://www.meaningfullife.com/spiritual/mystics/The_Shaloh.php Rabbi Isaiah HaLevi Horowitz –The Shaloh] , meaningfullife.com
* [http://85.1911encyclopedia.org/H/HO/HOROWITZ_ISAIAH.htm Horowitz, Isaiah] , 1911encyclopedia.org
* [http://shlomo.horwitzfam.org/holy-shlah.htm Rabbi Yishayahu ben Avraham Ha-Levi Horowitz] , horwitzfam.org
* [http://www.urimpublications.com/Merchant2/merchant.mv?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=UP&Product_Code=sl&Category_Code=bde Shney Luchot Habrit] , urimpublications.com
* [http://www.seforimonline.org/unsorted/ Download fulltext from this site] (Hebrew)
*"Shney Luchot Habrit", Translator Rabbi Eliyahu Munk, Urim Publications 2000. ISBN 965-7108-07-1
*"Life and teachings of Isaiah Horowitz", Rabbi Dr. E. Newman, Judaica Press 1972. ISBN 0-9502739-0-2
NAME = Horowitz, Isaiah
ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
SHORT DESCRIPTION =
DATE OF BIRTH = circa 1565
PLACE OF BIRTH =
DATE OF DEATH =
March 24 1630
PLACE OF DEATH =
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HOROWITZ, ISAIAH BEN JACOB HA-LEVI — (1633–1695 or 1698), Polish rabbi and author, grandson of the author of the Shelah, isaiah horowitz . Born in Cracow, Horowitz obtained his early education there and then proceeded to the yeshivah of Brest Litovsk and subsequently to Vilna. In… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
HOROWITZ, SHABBETAI SHEFTEL BEN AKIVA — (c. 1561–1619), author of kabbalistic works. Horowitz was a son of Akiva, called the holy, and a cousin of isaiah horowitz , author of Shenei Luḥot ha Berit. He was born in Prague where he practiced as a physician. Considering Kabbalah the only… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
HOROWITZ, JACOB BEN ABRAHAM — (d. 1622), talmudist and kabbalist. Jacob was a brother of isaiah b. abraham horowitz . He studied under Judah Loew b. Bezalel (the Maharal) of Prague. In c. 1590 he lived in Szczebrzeszyn but held no official post there and is sometimes referred … Encyclopedia of Judaism
HOROWITZ, ABRAHAM BEN SHABBETAI SHEFTEL — (c. 1550–1615), one of the most eminent talmudists of his day in Poland, a pupil of moses isserles . Horowitz resided in Cracow and Lvov, and in 1595 was elected a dayyan for the province of Lvov (see councils of the lands ). Horowitz, who was a… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
HOROWITZ — HOROWITZ, a family of rabbis and scholars that also included writers, communal workers, and personalities active in all spheres of Jewish life. The Horowitz s were levites. The family originated in the 15th century, taking its name from the small … Encyclopedia of Judaism
HOROWITZ, ABRAHAM BEN ISAIAH — (1671–1744), Polish rabbi. Horowitz, born in Leipnik, Moravia, studied under his father, isaiah b. shabbetai sheftel horowitz . He assisted his father in his activities and accompanied him at the sessions of the Council of the Four Lands.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
HOROWITZ, ISAIAH BEN ABRAHAM HA-LEVI — (called Ha Shelah ha Kadosh, the holy Shelah, from the initials of the title of his major work; 1565?–1630), rabbi, kabbalist, and communal leader. Horowitz was born in Prague, but as a youth he moved to Poland with his father, who was his first… … Encyclopedia of Judaism