Sioux language


Sioux language

language
name=Sioux
nativename=Dakota, Lakota
states=United States, Canada
region=Northern Nebraska, southern Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, northeastern Montana, Canada
speakers=26,300 (6,495 in Canada) [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/topics/RetrieveProductTable.cfm?ALEVEL=3&APATH=3&CATNO=&DETAIL=0&DIM=&DS=99&FL=0&FREE=0&GAL=0&GC=99&GK=NA&GRP=1&IPS=&METH=0&ORDER=1&PID=89189&PTYPE=88971&RL=0&S=1&ShowAll=No&StartRow=1&SUB=705&Temporal=2006&Theme=70&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF= Statistics Canada: 2006 Census] ]
familycolor=American
fam1=Siouan-Catawban
fam2=Siouan
fam3=Mississippi Valley
fam4=Dakotan
iso2=dak — Dakota
sioSiouan (collective)
lc1=dak|ld1=Dakota|ll1=Dakota language
lc2=lkt|ld2=Lakota|ll2=Lakota language|SIL=DHG,LKT

Sioux is a Siouan language.

Regional variation

Sioux has 3 major regional varieties, with various sub-lects:

# Santee (a.k.a. Dakota)
#* Santee
#* Sisseton
# Yankton (a.k.a. Yankton-Yanktonai, Dakota)
#* Yankton
#* Yanktonai
# Lakota (a.k.a. Lakhota, Teton, Teton Sioux)
#* Northern Lakota
#* Southern Lakota

Dakotan languages/varieties are often classified according to their reflexes of Proto-Siouan "*R" (some r-like sound, but distinct from Proto-Siouan "*r"). Santee and Yankton-Yanktonai are both d varieties (showing a reflex of "d" for "*R", and thus pronouncing their autonym as "dakhóta"), while Lakota is a l variety (pronouncing their autonym "Lakhóta").

Notes

External links

* [http://www.native-languages.org/dakota.htm Dakota/Lakota Sioux Language]
* [http://www.sicc.sk.ca/heritage/sils/ourlanguages/dnl.html Our Languages: Dakota, Nakota, Lakota] (Saskatchewan Indian Cultural Centre)

Bibliography

* DeMallie, Raymond J. (2001). Sioux until 1850. In R. J. DeMallie (Ed.), "Handbook of North American Indians: Plains" (Vol. 13, Part 2, pp. 718-760). W. C. Sturtevant (Gen. Ed.). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution. ISBN 0-16-050400-7.
* Parks, Douglas R.; & Rankin, Robert L. (2001). The Siouan languages. In "Handbook of North American Indians: Plains" (Vol. 13, Part 1, pp. 94-114). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution.
* de Reuse, Willem J. (1987). One hundred years of Lakota linguistics (1887-1987). "Kansas Working Papers in Linguistics", "12", 13-42. (Online version: https://kuscholarworks.ku.edu/dspace/handle/1808/509).
* de Reuse, Willem J. (1990). A supplementary bibliography of Lakota languages and linguistics (1887-1990). "Kansas Working Papers in Linguistics", "15" (2), 146-165. (Studies in Native American languages 6). (Online version: https://kuscholarworks.ku.edu/dspace/handle/1808/441).
*Rood, David S.; & Taylor, Allan R. (1996). "Sketch of Lakhota, a Siouan language". In "Handbook of North American Indians: Languages" (Vol. 17, pp. 440-482). Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution.


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