- Saint Finbarre's Cathedral
Saint Finbarre's Cathedral, also spelled Saint Fin Barre's Cathedral (Irish: "Ardeaglais Naomh Fionnbarra") is a
Church of Ireland cathedrallocated in Cork City, Republic of Ireland. The site of the cathedral has been a place of worship since the 7th century. The three spires of the cathedral are one of Cork's main landmarks. It is the seat of the Bishopof Cork, Cloyneand Ross, currently Bishop Paul Colton. It is named after Cork's patron saint.
MedievalCathedral was situated on the site prior to the 18th Centurybuilding, but few traces of it are visible. The cathedral was damaged during the siege of Cork in 1689/90, when it came under fire from the nearby Elizabeth Fort. When the steeplewas demolished in 1865, a 24-pound cannonwas discovered, which is now on display in the cathedral.
18th century cathedral
A small Neo-Classical building was constructed on the site in
1735by Bishop Peter Browne. It was demolished in 1865to make way for the present cathedral. The 1735 entrance gate survived the re-building and is still in use.
ArchitectWilliam Burges began work on the present Gothic Revivalcathedral in 1862. Construction started on the cathedral in 1865and in 1870the unfinished building was consecrated. The towers and spires were finally completed in 1879.
Burges gifted a Resurrection
Angel, made of copperand gold leaf, which is located on the pinnacleof the sanctuaryroof. There is a local superstition which states that if ever the angel falls, it would signify the end of the world.
The 2nd Cork (St. Fin Barre's Cathedral) Scout Troop,
Scouting Irelandare a prominent feature of the local community.
The Organ was built in
1870by William Hill of London, with 3 manuals and 40 stops. The action on the Great was some form of pneumaticaction (possibly Barker Lever) on the Great, and tracker for the other two manuals.
The instrument was then overhauled in
1889by the Cork Organ-building firm, T.W. Megahy, who added three new stops, though it is not entirely clear which these were. It was at this time that the Organ was moved from the West Gallery down to a Pit in the North Transept, where it still sits today.
The next major overhaul of the instrument was in 1906 by Hele & Co. of Plymouth, who added a fourth Manual (the Solo). By this stage, the action of the organ was entirely pneumatic.
The last time major work was done to the organ was in 1965-66, when J.W. Walker & Sons of London rebuilt the instrument. They overhauled the soundboards, installed a new console with
electropneumatic action, and lowered the pitch to 'standard' C = 523./3. The organ now has 4 manuals, 56 stops, and 3012 pipes.
Malcolm Wiseneris Organistand Master of the Choristers.
* List of abbeys and priories in the Republic of Ireland (County Cork)
* [http://cathedral.cork.anglican.org/ Official website]
* [http://www.iol.ie/~rod/organ/specs/cork/st-finbarre.html Specification of the Organ]
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=51.894384,-8.480823&spn=0.003352,0.007196&t=k&hl=en Satellite Photo]
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