- Elizabethtown, Kentucky
official_name = Elizabethtown, Kentucky
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Elizabethtown, Kentucky
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Hardin
area_total_km2 = 63.1
area_land_km2 = 62.3
area_water_km2 = 0.8
area_total_sq_mi = 24.4
area_land_sq_mi = 24.1
area_water_sq_mi = 0.3
population_as_of = 2008
population_total = 25942
population_density_km2 = 361.6
population_density_sq_mi = 936.6
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 221
elevation_ft = 725
latd = 37 |latm = 42 |lats = 10 |latNS = N
longd = 85 |longm = 51 |longs = 58 |longEW = W
Elizabethtown is a city in Hardin County,
Kentucky, United States. The population was 22,542 at the 2000 census. It is the county seatof Hardin CountyGR|6. It is the principal city of and is included in the Elizabethtown, Kentucky Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Louisville–Jefferson County–Elizabethtown–Scottsburg, KY-IN Combined Statistical Area.
Elizabethtown is located at coor dms|37|42|10|N|85|51|58|W|city (37.702674, −85.866173)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 63.1 km²(24.4 mi²). 62.3 km² (24.1 mi²) of it is land and 0.8 km² (0.3 mi²) of it (1.27%) is water.
On the list (by population) of all metropolitan statistical areas as defined by the United States Census Bureau, Elizabethtown has a population of 22,542. Population estimates are current as of July 1, 2004. Metropolitan statistical area names are current as of December 1, 2005. Elizabethtown metropolitan area includes the unincorporated town of Rineyville, where
Abraham Lincoln's school teacher lived.
Samuel Haycraft, Jr., in his "History of Elizabethtown", wrote in 1869: "For who can tell what Elizabethtown will be with her delightful location, her enterprising and energetic population, her railroad facilities, her fine water, and her surroundings of intelligent and gentlemanly farmers, the best fruit country in the world, and her future manufactories that must spring up, and when it becomes a large city it will be well to look back upon her starting point."
Founded in July 1797, Elizabethtown is the Hardin County seat. In 1779, three early settlers, Capt. Thomas Helm, Col.
Andrew Hynes, and Col. Samuel Haycraft, built forts with blockhouses to use as stockades for defense against Native Americans. The forts, being one mile apart, formed a triangle. At the time, there were no other settlements between the Ohio Riverand the Green River. Soon, however, other people came and settled around these forts.
Hardin County was established in 1793 and named for Colonel John Hardin, an Indian fighter who had been killed by Native Americans while on a peace mission with tribes in Ohio. It did not take long for the settlement to become an active community. In just a few years, professional men and tradesmen came to live in the area. In 1793, Colonel Hynes had thirty acres of land surveyed and laid off into lots and streets to establish Elizabethtown. Named in honor of the wife of Andrew Hynes, Elizabethtown was legally established on July 4, 1797.
Thomas Lincoln was a resident of Hardin County and helped Samuel Haycraft build a millrace at Haycraft's mill on Valley Creek. He married Nancy Hanks in 1806 and they lived in a log cabin built in Elizabethtown. Their daughter, Sarah, was born there in 1808. Soon after, they moved to the Sinking Spring Farm where Abraham Lincoln was born. Thomas Lincoln took his family to Indiana in 1816. After his wife died in 1818, he came back to Elizabethtown and married Sarah Bush Johnston. Sarah had the privilege of rearing ten year-old Abraham.
On March 5, 1850 the Commonwealth of Kentucky granted a charter to the
Louisville and Nashville RailroadCompany authorizing it to raise funds and built a railroad from Louisville to the Tennesseestate line in the direction of Nashville. John L. Helm, the grandson of Capt. Thomas Helm, became the president of the railroad in October 1854 and through his efforts, the main stem of the road was built through Elizabethtown. The road was completed to Elizabethtown in 1858, the first train arriving on June 15, 1858. The opening of the railroad brought growth and prosperity to Elizabethtown. The community became one of the most important stops along the railroad and a strategic point during the Civil War. Joshua Jewett(September 30, 1815 - July 14, 1861) was a United States Representative from Kentucky who lived in Elizabethtown.
December 27 1862, General John Hunt Morganand his 3,000-man cavalry attacked Elizabethtown. During the battle more than 100 cannon balls were fired into the town. Although he successfully captured Elizabethtown, his goal was to disrupt the railroad. He proceeded north along the route of the railroad burning trestles and destroying sections of the track. After the battle, one cannon ball was lodged in the side of a building on the Public Square. The building later burned in 1887 and when it was rebuilt the cannon ball was replaced in the side of the building, as close to its original impact as possible, where it remains in the present day.
From 1871 to 1873, the Seventh Cavalry and a battalion of the Fourth Infantry, led by General
George Armstrong Custer, were stationed in Elizabethtown. The battalions were stationed in the community to suppress the Ku Klux Klan and Carpet Baggers and to break up illegal distilleries which began to flourish in the South after the Civil War. General Custer and his wife, Elizabeth, lived in a small cottage behind Aunt Beck Hill's boarding house, now known as the Brown-Pusey House.
Today Elizabethtown is still a growing community. With a population of over 20,000 persons, the community has a growing industrial and commercial economy. There are also many cultural and recreational opportunities in the area, including the summer concert series at Freeman Lake Park, organized sports, and the Heartland Festival. The City Seal, with the inscription "Elizabethtown, Strong and Growing Since 1779" still rings true today.
The town is regionally referred to as "E-town." It is notable as one of two larger towns (the other being Bowling Green) along I-65 between Louisville and Nashville. The movie "Elizabethtown" (2005) was named after the town, even though the majority of the movie was filmed in Versailles and Louisville because Elizabethtown has lost most of its historic buildings in recent years due to development and sprawl.
Despite its being in a "
dry county" ( Hardin County, Kentucky), alcoholic drink sales are allowed in restaurants seating at least 100 diners and deriving at least 70% of their total sales from food. The locals refer to this as being a "damp" or "moist" county. Charles B. Middleton, who originated the character of Ming the Mercilessin the Flash Gordonmovie serials, is a famous native of Elizabethtown.
The city is served by the airport at
Addington Field(EKX) and the Elizabethtown Airport Board is currently exploring options to bring commercial services back to the city.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 22,542 people, 9,306 households, and 6,123 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 361.6/km² (936.6/mi²). There were 10,043 housing units at an average density of 161.1/km² (417.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.04% White, 9.70% African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.89% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.56% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.79% of the population.
There were 9,306 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-traditional or mixed families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.89.
The age distribution was 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,823, and the median income for a family was $45,399. Males had a median income of $32,406 versus $23,709 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $20,442. About 8.5% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.
Hardin County, Kentuckyand Larue County, Kentuckywere defined as the Elizabethtown, KY Metropolitan Statistical Areaby the Bureau of the Census. It is part of the Louisville-Jefferson County-Elizabethtown-Scottsburg, KY-IN Combined Statistical Area.
Elizabethtown Independent Schools
Elizabethtown High School
T.K. Stone Middle School
Morningside Elementary School
Helmwood Heights Elementary School
Valley View Educational Center
Overall, the Elizabethtown Independent School district ranks 15th in the state. The district is renowned for its long tradition of excellent academics. E.I.S. is also a member of the KY High Performing Districts' Alliance Project.
Hardin County Schools
The Hardin County Schools are another district that encompasses some of the city limits.
Central Hardin High School
John Hardin High School
North Hardin High School
Bluegrass Middle School
East Hardin Middle School
West Hardin Middle School
James T. Alton Middle School
Radcliff Middle School
G.C. Burkhead Elementary School
*Heartland Elementary School
Lincoln Trail Elementary School
Meadowview Elementary School
New Highland Elementary School
*Parkway Elementary School
Woodland Elementary School
*Saint James Roman Catholic School
North Hardin Christian Academy
Elizabethtown Christian Academy
Elizabethtown is home to
Elizabethtown Community and Technical College, a member of the Kentucky Community and Technical College System.
Notable natives and residents
Philip Arnold, confidence trickster
Cecil Collins, American footballplayer
Walter Huddleston, retired politican
Keen Johnson, former Governorof Kentucky
Charles B. Middleton, American stage and film actor
Kenny Perry, American Professional Golfer
Todd Perry (football player)
Kelly Rutherford, American Actress
* [http://www.elizabethtownky.org/ City of Elizabethtown Official site]
* [http://www.elizabethtownky.org/ A Website featuring Elizabethtown]
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