Garry Trudeau


Garry Trudeau

Infobox Comics creator
name = Garry Trudeau


imagesize = 250px
caption = Garry Trudeau at a signing for Scotty McLennan's book "Finding Your Religion"
birthname = Garretson Beekman Trudeau
birthdate = birth date and age|1948|7|21
location = New York City, New York
deathdate =
deathplace =
nationality = American
area = artist, author, television and theatre director
alias =
notable works = "Doonesbury"
awards = 1975 Pulitzer Prize
1977 Nominated for Academy Award for Animated Short Film
1978 Jury Special Prize
1994 Newspaper Comic Strip Award
1995 Reuben Award
spouse = Jane Pauley (1980–Present)
children = Rachel, Ross, Thomas

Garretson Beekman Trudeau (born July 21, 1948) is an American cartoonist, best known for the "Doonesbury" comic strip.

Background and education

Trudeau was born in New York City, the son of Jean Douglas (née Moore) and Francis Berger Trudeau. He is the great-grandson of Dr. Edward Livingston Trudeau, who created facilities for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis at Saranac Lake, New York State. Edward was succeeded by his son Francis and grandson Francis Jr. The latter founded the Trudeau Institute at Saranac Lake, with which his son Garry retains a connection. [ [http://www.trudeauinstitute.org/ The Trudeau Institute] ,"Trudeau Institute"]

Raised in Saranac Lake, Garry Trudeau attended St. Paul's School. He enrolled in Yale University in 1967 and later became a member of Scroll and Key. Garry was confident that his major would end up being theatre, but he discovered a greater interest in art design. A drawing by Trudeau of famous Yale quarterback Brian Dowling for the "Yale Daily News" led to the creation of a comic strip for the paper, "Bull Tales", the progenitor of "Doonesbury". [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VKC47mTaMoc Charlie Rose - GARRY TRUDEAU] , "Charlie Rose" October 11, 2004, Uploaded on August 27, 2007 on Youtube] Garry continued his studies with postgraduate work at the Yale School of Art, earning his M.F.A. in graphic design in 1973.

Creative works

In 1970, Garry's creation of "Doonesbury" was syndicated by the newly formed Universal Press Syndicate. Today "Doonesbury" is syndicated to almost 1,400 newspapers worldwide and is accessible online in association with "Slate Magazine" at [http://www.doonesbury.com doonesbury.com] .

In 1975, he became the first comic strip artist to win a Pulitzer at the time, since it is traditionally awarded to editorial-page cartoonists. He was also a Pulitzer finalist in 1990. He was nominated for an Oscar in 1977 in the category of Animated Short Film, for "The Doonesbury Special", in collaboration with John Hubley and Faith Hubley. "The Doonesbury Special" eventually won the Cannes Film Festival Jury Special Prize in 1978. Other awards include the National Cartoonist Society Newspaper Comic Strip Award in 1994, and the Reuben Award in 1995.

He was made a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1993. Wiley Miller, fellow comic-strip artist responsible for "Non Sequitur", called Trudeau "far and away the most influential editorial cartoonist in the last 25 years."

In addition to his work on Doonesbury, Trudeau has teamed up with Elizabeth Swados and written plays (such as "Rap Master Ronnie" and ""). In 1988, Trudeau joined forces with director Robert Altman for the HBO miniseries "Tanner '88" and the Sundance Channel miniseries sequel "Tanner on Tanner" in 2004. In 1996, Newsweek and the Washington Post speculated that Trudeau penned the novel "Primary Colors", which was later revealed to have been written by Joe Klein.

Private life

He married the journalist Jane Pauley in 1980 and has three children-- Ross, Rachel, and Thomas-- and lives in New York City. He is distantly related to the late former Canadian prime minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau (via common ancestor Étienne Trudeau).

Trudeau maintains a low personal profile. A rare and early appearance on television was as a guest on "To Tell the Truth" in 1971, where all but one of the panelists failed to guess his identity.

Trudeau granted an interview with "Rolling Stone" in 2004 in which he discussed his time at Yale University, which he attended two years behind George W. Bush. In 2006, "The Washington Post" printed an article that writer Gene Weingarten called the "first extensive profile of him (Trudeau) in the 36 years since he began the comic strip." [ [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/10/20/AR2006102000446_pf.html Doonesbury's War] , "Washington Post", October 22, 2006] He has also appeared on the Charlie Rose television program, and at signings for his "Doonesbury" book about B.D.'s struggle with injuries received during the second Gulf War. [ [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2QeBG5hTkUM "Doonesbury" & Private Lupo] , Pentagon Channel, Uploaded September 27, 2006 on Youtube]

Criticisms & controversies

In August 2001, Trudeau and "The Guardian" both fell for a report by the fictional "Lovenstein Institute" that stated that President George W. Bush had the lowest IQ (91) of any president in the past 50 years, and that former president Bill Clinton had exactly twice the IQ of Bush. "The Guardian" published an article while Trudeau published a comic strip based on the given information. Both later realized they had fallen for the hoax, and both made public retractions. [ [http://www.museumofhoaxes.com/newhoaxes/sep2001.html#lovenstein Lovenstein Institute Presidential IQ Report] Hoaxes That Occurred in September, 2001] [ [http://www.museumofhoaxes.com/hoax/Hoaxipedia/Lovenstein_Institute_IQ_Report/ Text of the Lovenstein Institute Email] ]

In 2004, Trudeau made a widely-circulated offer of a $10,000 reward (in the form of a gift to the USO in the winner's name) for proof that George W. Bush fulfilled his military duties in the 1970s. (See "George W. Bush military service controversy" for more complete coverage). As of May 2008, no one has collected on the offer.

Bibliography

Non-"Doonesbury" publications

* "Hitler Moves East: A Graphic Chronicle, 1941-43" (with David Levinthal), Sheed, Andrews and McMeel, 1977. Library of Congress 76-52888. The cover shows two Wehrmacht motorcyclists. The book relates the story of Nazi Germany's Army Group Centre on the Eastern Front through archival photos and new photography of model soldiers. ISBN 0-8362-0708-4

* "Finding Your Religion: When the Faith You Grew Up With Has Lost Its Meaning," by Scotty McLennan. Trudeau wrote the introduction and drew the cover cartoon.

* "Doonesbury.com's The Sandbox: Dispatches from Troops in Iraq and Afghanistan," Andrews McMeel Publishing (October 1, 2007), ISBN 0740769456 ISBN-13 978-0740769450. Blogs by soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan.

References

External links

* [http://www.doonesbury.com/strip/faqs/cv.html Doonesbury.com Profile on Garry Trudeau]
*imdb name|id=0874034|name=Garry Trudeau
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VKC47mTaMoc Charlie Rose Interview with Garry Trudeau]
* [http://www.reuben.org/ncs/awards.asp NCS Awards]
* [http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/6298171/doonesbury_goes_to_war/ "Rolling Stone" interview]
* [http://www.armytimes.com/story.php?f=1-213098-1914967.php "Army Times" interview]
* [http://www.armytimes.com/legacy/new/0-ARMYPAPER-1889390.php 2006 "Army Times" article]
* [http://www.motherjones.com/arts/qa/2007/01/garry_trudeau.html "Mother Jones" interview]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/philljupitusstrips/ "Phill Jupitus" "BBC" interview] [http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2008/jul/22/comics.pressandpublishing?gusrc=rss&feed=media "Guardian article"]


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